Anatomical and diffusion‐weighted imaging abnormalities of third‐trimester fetal brain in cytomegalovirus‐infected fetuses

M. Aertsen ◽  
S. Dymarkowski ◽  
W. Vander Mijnsbrugge ◽  
L. Cockmartin ◽  
P. Demaerel ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Haimei Cao ◽  
Xiang Xiao ◽  
Jun Hua ◽  
Guanglong Huang ◽  
Wenle He ◽  

Objectives: The present study aimed to study whether combined inflow-based vascular-space-occupancy (iVASO) MR imaging (MRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) improve the diagnostic accuracy in the preoperative grading of gliomas. Methods: Fifty-one patients with histopathologically confirmed diffuse gliomas underwent preoperative structural MRI, iVASO, and DWI. We performed 2 qualitative consensus reviews: (1) structural MR images alone and (2) structural MR images with iVASO and DWI. Relative arteriolar cerebral blood volume (rCBVa) and minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (mADC) were compared between low-grade and high-grade gliomas. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to compare the tumor grading efficiency of rCBVa, mADC, and the combination of the two parameters. Results: Two observers diagnosed accurate tumor grade in 40 of 51 (78.4%) patients in the first review and in 46 of 51 (90.2%) in the second review. Both rCBVa and mADC showed significant differences between low-grade and high-grade gliomas. ROC analysis gave a threshold value of 1.52 for rCBVa and 0.85 × 10−3 mm2/s for mADC to provide a sensitivity and specificity of 88.0 and 81.2% and 100.0 and 68.7%, respectively. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.87 and 0.85 for rCBVa and mADC, respectively. The combination of rCBVa and mADC values increased the AUC to 0.92. Conclusion: The combined application of iVASO and DWI may improve the diagnostic accuracy of glioma grading.

2017 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Zeynep Cetiner-Alpay ◽  
Fatma Kulali ◽  
Aslihan Semiz-Oysu ◽  
Yasar Bukte ◽  
Kamil Ozdil

Background: Although endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is accepted as the gold standard, there is a place for magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the diagnosis of obstructive biliary disorders.Aim: To compare the findings of MRCP with ERCP in patients with obstructive biliary disorders and to investigate the diagnostic efficacy of MRCP combined with DWI.Study design: Retrospective, analytic, cross-sectional study.Methods: The MRCP images of 126 patients who underwent both MRCP and ERCP owing to biliary obstruction were reviewed. Nine patients were excluded because of incomplete diagnostic workup or a long period (>3 months) between MRCP and ERCP. Ninety-two patients underwent DWI, which was also evaluated. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MRCP and DWI were analysed.Results: The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MRCP according to ERCP results as the gold standard was 97%, 71% and 93% for assessment of biliary dilatation; 100%, 94.7% and 97.5% for the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis; 93.7%, 100% and 99% for the identification of benign strictures; 100%, 100% and 100% for the diagnosis of malignant tumours; and 100%, 100% and 100% for the detection of complicated hydatid cysts; respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of DWI for the diagnosis of malignant tumour was 100%. In the detection of choledocholithiasis, the sensitivity and specificity of DWI was 70.8% and 100%.Conclusions: MRCP is an alternative, non-invasive, diagnostic modality, comparable with ERCP for the evaluation of pancreaticobiliary diseases. DWI can be helpful for diagnosis of choledocholithiasis and tumours.

2016 ◽  
Vol 89 (1059) ◽  
pp. 20150911 ◽  
Ying Yuan ◽  
Weiqing Tang ◽  
Mengda Jiang ◽  
Xiaofeng Tao

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