scholarly journals Style of meal service and feeding practices among Mexican American fathers and mothers: An analysis of video-recorded children's evening mealtime at home

Appetite ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 169 ◽  
pp. 105851
Carlos Penilla ◽  
Jeanne M. Tschann ◽  
Lauri A. Pasch ◽  
Elena Flores ◽  
Julianna Deardorff ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 263207702110323
Nicole R. Giuliani ◽  
Nichole R. Kelly

Parental distress is associated with less healthful child feeding practices. In this preliminary study, we examined how changes in distress from before to during the COVID-19 pandemic were associated with similar changes in feeding practices in a sample of mothers of preschool-aged children. In addition, we examined how pre-pandemic laboratory measures of maternal self-regulation moderated this association. A total of 36 mothers from an ongoing study on parent and child self-regulation completed surveys assessing parental distress (i.e., maternal depression, parenting stress) and child feeding practices during pandemic-related stay-at-home orders in May–June 2020. These mothers had completed the same measures approximately 2 years earlier, along with laboratory assessments of inhibitory and attentional control. Pre-pandemic laboratory measures of attentional control significantly moderated the association between increased maternal depression and use of controlling feeding practices, such that mothers with better attentional, but not inhibitory, control scores did not show an effect of increased depression on feeding practices. These results provide preliminary evidence that acute increases in parental distress associated with “stay-at-home” orders affect feeding practices, specifically for mothers with lower levels of attentional control abilities.

2017 ◽  
Vol 21 (4) ◽  
pp. 711-720 ◽  
Kathleen E Davis ◽  
Xilong Li ◽  
Beverley Adams-Huet ◽  
Lona Sandon

AbstractObjectiveTo compare infant and toddler anthropometric measurements, feeding practices and mean nutrient intakes by race/ethnicity and income.DesignCross-sectional analysis using general linear modelling. Ten years of survey data (2003–2012) were combined to compare anthropometric measurements, feeding practices and mean nutrient intakes from a nationally representative US sample.SettingThe 2003–2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).SubjectsInfants and toddlers (n 3669) aged 0–24 months.ResultsRates of overweight were higher among Mexican-American infants and toddlers (P=0·002). There were also several differences in feeding practices among groups based on race/ethnicity. Cessation of breast-feeding occurred earlier for non-Hispanic black and Mexican-American v. non-Hispanic white infants (3·6 and 4·2 v. 5·3 months; P<0·0001; P=0·001). Age at first feeding of solids was earlier for white than Mexican-American infants (5·3 v. 5·7 months; P=0·02). There were differences in almost all feeding practices based on income, including the lowest-income infants stopped breast-feeding earlier than the highest-income infants (3·2 v. 5·8 months, P<0·0001). Several differences in mean nutrient intakes by both race/ethnicity and income were also identified.ConclusionsOur study indicates that disparities in overweight, feeding practices and mean nutrient intakes exist among infants and toddlers according to race/ethnicity, which cannot be disentangled from income.

Lilac Lev-Ari ◽  
Ada H. Zohar ◽  
Rachel Bachner-Melman ◽  
Auriane Totah Hanhart

This study assessed the relationships between parents’ retrospective recollections of their mothers’ child feeding practices (CFP), current disordered eating (DE) and current CFP (how they now feed their children). 174 Israeli parents (136 mothers, 38 fathers; 40.1 ± 6.9 years of age) of children between the ages of 2 and 18, living at home, completed questionnaires online assessing demographics, retrospective recollections of the CFP that their mothers used when they were children, current CFP and current DE. Specific aspects of retrospectively recalled maternal CFP were significantly associated with the same aspects of current CFP. Current DE mediated the association between retrospectively recalled maternal CFP and current CFP and moderated the association between current concern about child’s weight and pressure for child to eat. Results highlight that the way adults pass on their feeding practices to their children is strongly influenced by their childhood recollections of their mothers’ concern about their weight, pressure for them to eat or restriction of their food intake. People often strive to behave differently from their parents, especially in the realm of food and eating. However, our findings suggest that parental CFP can become entrenched and can be passed on to our children.

1982 ◽  
Vol 51 (3) ◽  
pp. 771-774 ◽  
Stephen Powers ◽  
Virginia V. Sanchez

The correlations between self-esteem and two linguistic measures, two measures of socioeconomic status, and three measures of academic achievement were calculated for 87 Mexican American adolescents. Self-esteem correlated .25 with the rated extent to which English was spoken at home. Moreover, self-esteem was positively correlated with occupation (.22) and reading achievement (.25). Generally, correlations were small to moderate in magnitude.

2008 ◽  
Vol 5 (4) ◽  
pp. 579-591 ◽  
Thomas L. McKenzie ◽  
Barbara Baquero ◽  
Noe C. Crespo ◽  
Elva M. Arredondo ◽  
Nadia R. Campbell ◽  

Background:Understanding home environments might shed light on factors contributing to reduced physical activity (PA) in children, particularly minorities. Few studies have used microlevel observations to simultaneously assess children’s PA and associated conditions in homes.Methods:Trained observers assessed PA and associated physical and social environmental variables in the homes of 139 Mexican American children (69 boys, 70 girls; mean age = 6 years) after school.Results:Children spent most time indoors (77%) and being sedentary (74%). Reduced PA was associated with viewing media, being indoors, and parents being present. Increased PA was associated with prompts for PA and other children being present. PA prompts differed by child gender and location and prompter age status.Conclusions:Children are frequently sedentary at home. Microlevel observations showed PA is associated with potentially modifiable social and physical factors, including spending time outdoors. Studies to determine whether interventions on these correlates can improve children’s PA are needed.

1992 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-4 ◽  
Enrique Ríos ◽  
Linda Neuhauser ◽  
Sheldon Margen ◽  
Vijaya Melnick

Women giving birth to infants at 59 health facilities in three regions of Mexico were surveyed. Five hundred forty-six mothers were questioned on admission to the hospital about their plans for infant feeding when they returned home; 485 were questioned again prior to discharge; and 160 were interviewed a third time at home two weeks after discharge about their actual feeding practices. The results of a formal structured questionnaire asking about plans to use any of six specific milk and non-milk substances that are fed by bottle were compared with those of a questionnaire methodology in which the interviewers probed the answers. The study identified a third problem in dealing with self-reported information, in addition to the previously identified problems of memory failure and recall bias - which did not arise here - that of differences between respondents’ perception of their behaviour and their actual behaviour. By supplementing a formal questionnaire with more probing and less structured questions, these biases can be lessened and more accurate data obtained.

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