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2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
Mohammad Hosseini ◽  
Shiva Sharifzad

Abstract Background The current paper follows up on the results of an exploratory quantitative analysis that compared the publication and citation records of men and women researchers affiliated with the Faculty of Computing and Engineering at Dublin City University (DCU) in Ireland. Quantitative analysis of publications between 2013 and 2018 showed that women researchers had fewer publications, received fewer citations per person, and participated less often in international collaborations. Given the significance of publications for pursuing an academic career, we used qualitative methods to understand these differences and explore factors that, according to women researchers, have contributed to this disparity. Methods Sixteen women researchers from DCU’s Faculty of Computing and Engineering were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Once interviews were transcribed and anonymised, they were coded by both authors in two rounds using an inductive approach. Results Interviewed women believed that their opportunities for research engagement and research funding, collaborations, publications and promotions are negatively impacted by gender roles, implicit gender biases, their own high professional standards, family responsibilities, nationality and negative perceptions of their expertise and accomplishments. Conclusions Our study has found that women in DCU’s Faculty of Computing and Engineering face challenges that, according to those interviewed, negatively affect their engagement in various research activities, and, therefore, have contributed to their lower publication record. We suggest that while affirmative programmes aiming to correct disparities are necessary, they are more likely to  improve organisational culture if they are implemented in parallel with bottom-up initiatives that engage all parties, including men researchers and non-academic partners, to inform and sensitise them about the significance of gender equity.

2022 ◽  
Vol 75 (3) ◽  
Herbert Sagbo ◽  
Sandhi Maria Barreto ◽  
Aline Bárbara Pereira Costa ◽  
Larissa Loures Mendes ◽  
Nagham Khanafer ◽  

ABSTRACT Objectives: to estimate the prevalence of stunting and thinness and sociodemographic, household, family, dietary, and scholar associated factors in schoolchildren living in Lokossa-Benin. Methods: a survey conducted in a probabilistic sample (n=615) of primary schoolchildren (8-17 years), from 12/2018 to 01/2019, using structured questionnaire and 24-hour dietary recall. Thinness and stunting were defined as Height-for-age and Body Mass Index-for-age below-2 standard deviations, respectively. Associations were estimated by chi-square test and logistic regression. Results: thinness and stunting prevalence was 13.1% (95%CI:9.0-18.7) and 25.5% (95%CI:20.6-31.2), respectively. Odds of thinness were higher among older schoolchildren and those who experienced hunger at school. Odds of stunting increased with age, low diet diversity, experiencing hunger at school, and having school meal five days a week (OR:2.09; 95%CI:1.29-3.36). Conclusions: stunting was the most common problem. Older schoolchildren and those with food deprivation or poor diet diversity were the most affected.

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (40) ◽  
pp. 196
Fodé Traoré ◽  
Mamadou Abdoulaye Konaré ◽  
Seyram Sossou ◽  
Harinaivo Anderson Andrianisa ◽  
Youssouf Samaké

Dans la perspective d’améliorer l’accès aux services de base en eau potable, hygiène et assainissement (EHA), le Mali a fait de ce secteur une priorité depuis 2006. Cette étude avait pour objectif de mener une analyse critique du diagnostic de l’accès aux services de base EHA et l’impact des déplacés internes de la crise politique et sécuritaire de 2012 sur ces services dans la commune de Zan Coulibaly afin de proposer des stratégies locales pérennes. Les données ont été collectées à travers une fiche de questionnaire semi-structurée, des observations directes sur le terrain et la consultation des documents administratifs. L’enquête a révélé que les forages (40%) et les puits traditionnels (28%) étaient les principales sources d’approvisionnement en eau. La collecte de l’eau est une activité exclusivement féminine. Pour traiter l’eau de boisson à domicile, la filtration sur linge était la technique la plus utilisée (71%). Malgré un contexte pandémique à COVID-19, seulement 24 % des personnes interrogées lavaient les mains au sortir des toilettes et 22% avant de manger. Aussi, 16% des enquêtés pratiquaient toujours la défécation à l’air libre. De 2016 à 2020, on note une persistance des maladies diarrhéiques et une réapparition des maladies dues aux vers intestinaux. Par ailleurs une éradication du trachome et du choléra a été observée. Néanmoins, les résultats relatifs au site des déplacés internes de la crise, sont alarmantes. Ces données constitueraient une base pour mieux orienter les politiques et les actions futures relatives aux services EHA dans la commune de Zan Coulibaly. To improve the access to the basic water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services, Mali has made this sector a priority since 2006. This study aimed to conduct a critical analysis of the diagnosis of access to WASH basic services and the impact of internally displaced people from the political and security crisis of 2012 on these services in the rural commune of Zan Coulibaly in order to propose sustainable local strategies. The data were collected throughout a semi-structured questionnaire form, direct observations on the sites in the nine villages, and the consultation of executive documents. The survey revealed that the drilling (40%) and the traditional wells (28%) were the main sources of water supply. The water collection is an exclusively female activity. To treat drinking water at home, the filtration was the most commonly used technique (71%). Despite a pandemic context of COVID-19, only 24% of respondents washed their hands after leaving the toilet and 22% before eating. Also, 16% of respondents have always defecated in the free air. From 2016 to 2020, we note the persistence of diarrheal diseases and the reappearance of intestinal worm diseases. Otherwise, the trachoma and the cholera were eradicated. Nevertheless, the results relating to the internally displaced people from the crisis are alarming. These data could provide a basis for better guiding the future policies and actions in the provision of WASH services in the rural commune of Zan Coulibaly.

2021 ◽  
Xin Lai ◽  
Songxu Peng ◽  
Zhenzhen Yao ◽  
Liping Meng

Abstract Background: Previous studies have shown that postpartum depression negatively affects breastfeeding practices. However, it is not clear whether maternal mood symptoms during pregnancy affect exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) behavior. Our study aimed to quantify the relationship between maternal mood symptoms (depression/anxiety) during pregnancy and EBF.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Baoan Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Shenzhen, China, from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2016, among women who had delivered in the hospital and completed the 6-week postpartum visit. A structured questionnaire was designed to collect information on maternal mood symptoms during pregnancy and EBF status at 6 weeks postpartum. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the associations between maternal mood symptoms (depression/anxiety) during pregnancy and EBF at 6 weeks postpartum.Results: In total, 6324 women were included in this study. In univariate analysis, we observed that depression during pregnancy was associated with a reduced risk for EBF (OR = 0.66; 95% CI: 0.54-0.81; P < 0.001). In the fully adjusted model, depression during pregnancy was still significantly associated with a reduced risk of EBF (OR=0.69; 95% CI: 0.56–0.86; P < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference in the rate of EBF between the anxiety and non-anxiety groups of women (OR=0.88; 95% CI: 0.77–1.01; P > 0.05). Conclusion: We believe that our findings confirm the adverse impact of maternal depression during pregnancy on EBF behavior. Therefore, to improve conditions for breastfeeding of infants, additional attention should be paid to women with depressive symptoms during pregnancy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (2) ◽  
pp. 150-162
Merlyn dos Santos ◽  
Mariana dos Santos ◽  
Caroline Lopes Feijo Fernandes ◽  
Edariane Menestrino Garcia Garcia ◽  
Samuel de Carvalho Dumith ◽  

There is an increasing interest in the application of micronucleus (MN) assays in the clinical setting to investing the impact of environmental, genetic, life style and socioeconomic conditions on DNA. However, the evaluation of mutagenic damage among young population had not been studied and early intervention in this population can prevent several health comorbidities. Thus, the present study aimed in investigate the MN presence in young adults and its associated factors. This is a cross-sectional study, composed by 155 young adults (between 18 to < 30-year-old) of both sexes. The socioeconomic and life style data was collected through a semi-structured questionnaire. Oral exfoliated cells were collected to evaluate the frequency of MN cells. Socioeconomic conditions and life style factors were not associated with the presence of MN. Twenty percent of the participants reported some chronic noncommunicable disease and almost twelve percent reports continued use of medication, both variables present a risk factor to prevalence of MN. Although mutagenesis is a process generally more related to older individuals, this study highlights the importance of monitored DNA damage between young adults and promote healthy habits to prevent the development and worse prognosis of chronic non-transmissible diseases and the consequent use of drugs.

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (40) ◽  
pp. 240
Loukou N’Goran Etienne ◽  
Soro Kouhana ◽  
Soro Brahima ◽  
Rognon Xavier ◽  
Kayang B. Boniface ◽  

Les poulets locaux, malgré leur rôle important dans l’aviculture ivoirienne, souffrent de leur faible productivité. Pour contribuer à l’amélioration de leur productivité, une étude descriptive a été réalisée sur son élevage auprès 206 paysans natifs de deux zones agro-écologiques à l’aide d’un questionnaire. Les résultats indiquent les paysans exploitent les poulets locaux dans un système exclusivement extensif. L’aviculture villageoise est une activité dominée par les hommes (79,60 %) et la considérant comme secondaire (97 %). La plupart de ces aviculteurs sont analphabètes (52,5 %). La rusticité et la qualité organoleptique des produits constituent les principales motivations en faveur de cet élevage dans 82 % cas en moyenne. Ils ont débuté l’élevage par achat (59 %) d’un petit noyau initial, par don ou par héritage (41 %) en zone de forêt et par confiage (60 %) en zone de savane. La 1ère ponte d’une poulette intervient en moyenne à 6 mois d’âge (52,5 %). Un faible effectif (23 poulets) composé en majorité de jeunes sujets (55,21 %), de poules (33,19 %) et de coqs (11,40%) a été observé dans les cheptels. Le plein air intégral (73,30 %) a été le mode privilégié d’élevage en zone de savane. Les épizooties (54,35 %) et les prédateurs (38 %) ont été les premières causes de mortalité. Les produits d'élevage issus de ce système ont été utilisés en autoconsommation (62 %) en zone de forêt et vendus (65 %) en zone de savane. La levée des contraintes caractérisant le système le système extensif pourrait aider à l’amélioration de la productivité des poules locales. Local chickens play an important role in Ivorian poultry farming, but this animal resource suffers from its low productivity. In order to contribute to the improvement of this productivity, a descriptive study was carried out on its breeding among two hundred and six (206) farmers who were native to two agro-ecological zones using a structured questionnaire. The results indicate that these farmers are exploiting local chickens in an extensive system exclusively. Village poultry farming is an activity dominated by men (79.60%) and considered secondary (97%). Most of these poultry farmers are illiterate (52.5%) and the rusticity and organoleptic quality of the products are the main motivations for this breeding in an average of 82% cases. They began breeding by purchasing a small nucleus (59%), by gifts or inheritance (41%) in the Forest zone and by entrusting (60%) in the Savannah zone. The first laying of a pullet occurs on average at 6 months of age (52.5%) and the early pullet lays its first eggs between 4 and 6 months (13%). A few chickens (23), the majority of which were youngsters (55.21%), hens (33.19%) and roosters (11.40%), were observed in the flocks. In Savannah areas, free-range rearing (73.30%) was the preferred method of rearing. Epizootics (54.35%) and predators (38%) were the main causes of mortality. The livestock products from this system were used for self-consumption (62%) in the forest zone and sold (65%) in the Savannah zone. Removing the constraints that characterize the extensive system could help to improve the productivity of local chickens.  

2021 ◽  
pp. 47-59
Mohammad Niaz Morshed

This study has taken the initiative for identifying the underlying factors that would facilitate Islamic banks in satisfying their customers better. The objective was to investigate the effects of SERVQUAL model on customer satisfaction among the Islamic banks in Bangladesh. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 211 customers of five major Islamic banks in Bangladesh using convenience sampling technique. The collected data were later analyzed through exploratory factor analysis. Structural equation modelling technique was performed to verify the model of the study and testing the hypotheses. The findings of the study revealed that reliability, tangibility and responsiveness were significant factors for customer satisfaction whereas assurance and empathy were found insignificant . This research opens the door for future researchers to contribute to this area of research through employing a larger sample and extending the current model through the incorporation of new variables. The study will be a meaningful addition to the literature of service quality and customer satisfaction, particularly in the setting of Islamic banks in Bangladesh.

Mei-Chuan Chang ◽  
Jyh-Gang Hsieh ◽  
Mi-Hsiu Wei ◽  
Chuan-Hsiu Tsai ◽  
Jui-Hung Yu ◽  

Health literacy (HL), which is a determinant of individuals’ health as well as a personal and public asset, can be improved by community healthcare providers (CHPs) with the capability of providing HL services. The purpose of this study was to explore CHPs’ familiarity with and attitudes toward HL and their confidence in implementing HL practices. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted involving a total of 104 CHPs from 20 public health centers in Taiwan. It was based on a structured questionnaire involving self-evaluation by participants. The scores for familiarity, attitudes, and confidence in implementing HL practices were mean = 4.36, SD = 1.99; mean = 7.45, SD = 1.93; and mean = 6.10, SD = 1.77 (out of 10 points), respectively. The results of the multiple regression analysis showed that the two independent variables of familiarity and attitude could predict confidence in implementing HL practices (R2 = 0.57, F(2101) = 58.96, p < 0.001). The CHPs surveyed were not especially familiar with HL; thus, they recognized its importance, but they lacked confidence in implementing HL practices. Increasing practitioners’ familiarity with HL may therefore boost their confidence in implementation. The research results can serve as a reference when planning HL education and training.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Syeda Wajiha Kazmi ◽  
Waqar Ahmed

PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to evaluate and understand the factors that contribute to the enhancement in the process of supply chain activities, specifically among manufacturing industries.Design/methodology/approachThis paper follows the quantitative approach by disseminating a structured questionnaire to supply chain practitioners working in manufacturing industries. A sample of 109 responses is gathered from senior employees involved in sales and operations planning. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses are performed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the model. Lastly, SmartPLS is used to test the hypotheses proposed in the study.FindingsThe findings revealed that demand sensing and managing practices positively impact supply chain performance by creating dynamic distribution capabilities. It is observed that distribution capabilities integrate both efficient and effective handling of resources. However, demand management practice has insignificant relationship with supply chain performance.Research limitations/implicationsThe authors suggest that supply chain management must expand in firms, and importance must be given as supply chain performance can provide competitive advantage in order to sustain in today's competitive market.Practical implicationsThe findings can help decision-makers working in the planning process by identifying the right tools to sense the market and react accordingly.Originality/valueThis paper is an initial effort to understand the dynamic distribution capabilities by establishing the link with the studied variables, especially in the manufacturing industries in Pakistan.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Esayas Alemshet Tekletsadik ◽  
Abebaw Alemayehu Desta ◽  
Belayneh Shetie Workneh

Background. Nonpharmacological pain management refers to providing pain management intervention that does not involve the use of drugs. Effective management of a patient’s pain is a vital nursing activity, and it needs a nurse’s adequate pain-related knowledge and a favorable attitude. Globally, many studies stated that the lack of knowledge and unfavorable attitude of nurses towards nonpharmacological pain management was the prevailing persistent challenge. Objective. To assess knowledge, attitude, and associated factors towards nonpharmacological pain management among nurses working in Amhara region Comprehensive Specialized Hospitals, Ethiopia, 2021. Method. An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 30, 2021. A total of 845 nurses were selected using a simple random sampling technique. Data were collected by using a pretested self-administered structured questionnaire. Then, data were checked, coded, and entered into Epi Info version 7.0 and exported to SPSS version 25.0 software for analysis. Results. A total of 775 nurses participated in this study, with a response rate of 91.8%. Of the total participants, 54.2% (95% CI: 50.6–57.9) and 49.8% (95% CI: 46.1–53.2) of nurses had adequate knowledge and a favorable attitude, respectively. The study revealed that educational status (AOR = 3.51 (95% CI: 1.37, 8.99)), years of experience (AOR = 5.59 (95% CI: 2.86, 10.94)), working unit (AOR = 5.61 (95% CI: 2.25, 13.96)), nurse-to-patient ratio (AOR = 2.33 (95% CI: 1.44, 3.78)), and working hours (AOR = 2.15 (95% CI: 1.27, 3.62)) were significantly associated. This finding also revealed that monthly income (AOR = 4.38 (95% CI: 1.64, 11.69)), nurse-to-patient ratio (AOR = 1.89 (95% CI: 1.19, 3.01)), and nurses’ adequate knowledge (AOR = 4.26 (95% CI: 2.91, 6.24)) were significantly associated with the attitude of nurses. Conclusion and Recommendations. More than half and nearly half of the nurses had adequate knowledge and a favorable attitude towards nonpharmacological pain management, respectively. Educational qualification, years of experience, working unit, nurse-to-patient ratio, and prolonged working hours per day were significantly associated with nurse’s adequate knowledge. Monthly income, nurse-to-patient ratio, and nurse’s knowledge were significantly associated with the attitudes of nurses. It is better to give attention to reviewing the nursing curriculum, achieving a standardized nurse-to-patient ratio, recruiting additional nurses, training, and upgrading nurses with continuing education.

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