Use of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Acutely Poisoned Pediatric Patients in United States

2022 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Matteo Di Nardo ◽  
Danilo Alunni Fegatelli ◽  
Marco Marano ◽  
Jacob Danoff ◽  
Hong K. Kim
2016 ◽  
Vol 61 (10) ◽  
pp. 1293-1298 ◽  
Bhupinder S Natt ◽  
Hem Desai ◽  
Nirmal Singh ◽  
Chithra Poongkunran ◽  
Sairam Parthasarathy ◽  

Perfusion ◽  
2016 ◽  
Vol 32 (2) ◽  
pp. 151-156 ◽  
Katherine Cashen ◽  
Roland L Chu ◽  
Justin Klein ◽  
Peter T Rycus ◽  
John M Costello

Introduction: Pediatric patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) may develop refractory respiratory or cardiac failure that warrants consideration for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. The purposes of this study were to describe the use and outcomes of ECMO in pediatric HLH patients, to identify risk factors for hospital mortality and to compare their ECMO use and outcomes to the ECMO population as a whole. Methods: Pediatric patients (⩽ 18 years) with a diagnosis of HLH in the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) Registry were included. Results: Between 1983 and 2014, data for 30 children with HLH were available in the ELSO registry and all were included in this study. All cases occurred in the last decade. Of the 30 HLH patients, 24 (80%) had a respiratory indication for ECMO and six (20%) had a cardiac indication (of which 4 were E-CPR and 2 cardiac failure). Of the 24 respiratory ECMO patients, 63% were placed on VA ECMO. Compared with all pediatric patients in the ELSO registry during the study period (n=17,007), HLH patients had worse hospital survival (non-HLH 59% vs HLH 30%, p=0.001). In pediatric HLH patients, no pre-ECMO risk factors for mortality were identified. The development of a hemorrhagic complication on ECMO was associated with decreased mortality (p=0.01). Comparing HLH patients with respiratory failure to patients with other immune compromised conditions, the overall survival rate is similar (HLH 38% vs. non-HLH immune compromised 31%, p=0.64). Conclusions: HLH is an uncommon indication for ECMO and these patients have increased mortality compared to the overall pediatric ECMO population. These data should be factored into decision-making when considering ECMO for pediatric HLH patients.

2018 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 117727191775190 ◽  
Sara Bobillo ◽  
Javier Rodríguez-Fanjul ◽  
Anna Solé ◽  
Julio Moreno ◽  
Mònica Balaguer ◽  

Objectives: To assess the kinetics of procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in pediatric patients who required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and to analyze its relationship with morbidity and mortality. Patients and methods: Prospective observational study including pediatric patients who required ECMO. Both PCT and CRP were sequentially drawn before ECMO (P0) and until 72 hours after ECMO. Results: A total of 40 patients were recruited. Two cohorts were established based on the value of the P0 PCT (>10 ng/mL). Comparing the kinetics of PCT and CRP in these cohorts, the described curves were the expected for each clinical situation. The cutoff for P0 PCT to predict multiple organ dysfunction syndrome was 2.55 ng/mL (sensibility 83%, specificity 100%). Both PCT and CRP did not predict risk of neurologic sequelae or mortality in any group. Conclusions: Procalcitonin does not seem to be modified by ECMO and could be a good biomarker of evolution.

2019 ◽  
Vol 24 (4) ◽  
pp. 290-295
Catherine S. Heith ◽  
Lizbeth A. Hansen ◽  
Rhonda M. Bakken ◽  
Sharon L. Ritter ◽  
Breeanna R. Long ◽  

OBJECTIVES With the expanding use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), understanding drug pharmacokinetics has become increasingly important, particularly in pediatric patients. This ex vivo study examines the effect of a pediatric Quadrox-iD ECMO circuit on the sequestration and binding of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), tacrolimus, and hydromorphone hydrochloride, which have not been extensively studied to date in pediatric ECMO circuits. Fentanyl, which has been well studied, was used as a comparator. METHODS ECMO circuits were set up using Quadrox-iD pediatric oxygenators and centrifugal pumps. The circuit was primed with whole blood and a reservoir was attached to represent a 5-kg patient. Fourteen French venous and 12 French arterial ECMO cannulas were inserted into the sealed reservoir. Temperature, pH, PO2, and PCO2 were monitored and corrected. MMF, tacrolimus, hydromorphone, and fentanyl were injected into the ECMO circuit. Serial blood samples were taken from a postoxygenator site at intervals over 12 hours, and levels were measured. RESULTS Hydromorphone hydrochloride was not as significantly sequestered by the ex vivo pediatric ECMO circuit when compared with fentanyl. Both mycophenolic acid and tacrolimus serum concentrations were stable in the circuit over 12 hours. CONCLUSIONS Hydromorphone may represent a useful medication for pain control for pediatric patients on ECMO due to its minimal sequestration. Mycophenolic acid and tacrolimus also did not show significant sequestration in the circuit, which was unexpected given their lipophilicity and protein-binding characteristics, but may provide insight into unexplored pharmacokinetics of particular medications in ECMO circuits.

2017 ◽  
Vol 52 (10) ◽  
pp. 1681-1687 ◽  
Ashley Y. Song ◽  
Hsuan-Hsiu Annie Chen ◽  
Rachel Chapman ◽  
Ameish Govindarajan ◽  
Jeffrey S. Upperman ◽  

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