Perfusion
Latest Publications


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

3178
(FIVE YEARS 887)

H-INDEX

43
(FIVE YEARS 12)

Published By Sage Publications

1477-111x, 0267-6591
Updated Wednesday, 20 October 2021

Perfusion ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 026765912110506
Author(s):  
Kurt D Piggott ◽  
Casey Norlin ◽  
Cynthia Laviolette ◽  
Jason Turner ◽  
LaTasha Lewis ◽  
...  

Introduction: Nucleated red blood cells (NRBC) are rare in the peripheral circulation of healthy individuals and their presence have been associated with mortality in adults and very low birth weight newborns, however, its value as a biomarker for mortality in infants requiring veno-arterial (VA) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has yet to be studied. We sought to determine if NRBC can serve as a biomarker for ECMO mortality and inpatient mortality in infants requiring V-A ECMO. Methods: A single-center retrospective chart review analyzing infants <1 year of age requiring VA ECMO due to myocardial dysfunction or post-cardiotomy between January 1, 2011 to June 30, 2020. Results: One hundred two patients required VA ECMO. Sixty-five patients required ECMO post-cardiotomy, 19 for perioperative deterioration, and 18 for myocardial dysfunction. Fifty-one patients (50%) died (21 died on ECMO, 30 died post-ECMO decannulation). Multivariable analysis found Age < 60 days (OR 13.0, 95% CI 1.9–89.6, p = 0.009), NRBC increase by >50% post-ECMO decannulation (OR 17.1, 95% CI 3.1–95.1, p = 0.001), Single Ventricle (OR 9.0, 95% CI 1.7–47.7, p = 0.01), and lactate at ECMO decannulation (OR 3.0, 95% CI 1.3–7.1, p = 0.011) to be independently associated with inpatient mortality. ROC curves evaluating NRBC pre-ECMO decannulation as a biomarker for mortality on ECMO (AUC 0.80, 95% CI 0.68–0.92, p  ⩽ 0.001) and post-ECMO decannulation (AUC 0.75, 95% CI 0.65–0.84, p  ⩽ 0.001) show NRBC to be an accurate biomarker for mortality. Conclusions: Greater than 50% increase in NRBC post-ECMO decannulation is associated with inpatient mortality. NRBC value pre-ECMO decannulation may be a useful biomarker for mortality while on ECMO and post-decannulation.


Perfusion ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 026765912110497
Author(s):  
Christopher Gaisendrees ◽  
Borko Ivanov ◽  
Stephen Gerfer ◽  
Anton Sabashnikov ◽  
Kaveh Eghbalzadeh ◽  
...  

Objectives: Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (eCPR) is increasingly used due to its beneficial outcomes and results compared with conventional CPR. Data after eCPR for acute kidney injury (AKI) are lacking. We sought to investigate factors predicting AKI in patients who underwent eCPR. Methods: From January 2016 until December 2020, patients who underwent eCPR at our institution were retrospectively analyzed and divided into two groups: patients who developed AKI ( n = 60) and patients who did not develop AKI ( n = 35) and analyzed for outcome parameters. Results: Overall, 63% of patients suffered AKI after eCPR and 45% of patients who developed AKI needed subsequent dialysis. Patients who developed AKI showed higher values of creatinine (1.1 mg/dL vs 1.5 mg/dL, p ⩽ 0.01), urea (34 mg/dL vs 42 mg/dL, p = 0.04), CK (creatine kinase) (923 U/L vs 1707 U/L, p = 0.07) on admission, and CK after 24 hours of ECMO support (1705 U/L vs 4430 U/L, p = 0.01). ECMO explantation was significantly more often performed in patients who suffered AKI (24% vs 48%, p = 0.01). In-hospital mortality (86% vs 70%; p = 0.07) did not differ significantly. Conclusion: Patients after eCPR are at high risk for AKI, comparable to those after conventional CPR. Baseline urea levels predict the development of AKI during the hospital stay.


Perfusion ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 026765912110506
Author(s):  
Natasha Habr ◽  
Jamal J Hoballah ◽  
Jamil Borgi ◽  
Caroline Hamadi ◽  
Pierre Sfeir ◽  
...  

Lower limb amputation following arterial cannulation for VA-ECMO has been described in the literature. Limb ischemia however following venous cannulation is very rare and not quite understood. We present a case of limb ischemia following venous cannulation. A combination of venous congestion, compartment syndrome and subsequent arterial insufficiency is the proposed pathophysiology. Shock and use of vasopressors are compounding factors. Limb ischemia can be transient and reversible if diagnosed immediately and treated by early removal of the cannula. Our patient was unstable and ECMO dependent, and removal of the cannula was not an option. This resulted in limb loss and eventual above knee amputation. Use of the smallest appropriate venous cannula and early fasciotomy, in addition to hemodynamic optimization are measures that could help in preventing major amputation.


Perfusion ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 026765912110493
Author(s):  
Jiayi Chen ◽  
Guangyong Jin ◽  
Ying Zhu ◽  
Wei Hu ◽  
Huadong He ◽  
...  

Purpose: In this article, we aimed to elaborate on perioperative and complication management in treatment of pheochromocytoma crisis with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Material and methods: We report a case of relatively rare grant paraganglioma-induced pheochromocytoma crisis leading to severe circulatory failure, treated with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-A ECMO) as a bridge to curative adrenalectomy. Weaning of ECMO was followed by successful surgical removal of the tumor, and patient survival. However, distal ischemia of the cannulated leg occurred during ECMO operation, which eventually led to amputation. In addition, the patient developed new cerebral infarction and left hemiplegia, half a month after paraganglioma resection. Conclusions: We believe that patients with pheochromocytoma crisis, who cannot maintain blood circulation, are eligible for V-A ECMO treatment. Moreover, care should be taken to prevent thrombosis and individualized and precise blood pressure management targets. Early detection and treatment of thrombosis is imperative to long-term prognosis of patients with ECMO.


Perfusion ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 026765912110506
Author(s):  
Nicholas J Vollmer ◽  
Erica D Wittwer ◽  
Andrew N Rosenbaum ◽  
Patrick M Wieruszewski

Procainamide is a useful agent for management of ventricular arrhythmia, however its disposition and appropriate dosing during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is unknown. We report experience with continuous procainamide infusion in a critically ill adult requiring venoarterial ECMO for incessant ventricular tachycardia. Pharmacokinetic analysis of procainamide and its metabolite, N-acetylprocainamide (NAPA), was performed using serum and urine specimens. Kidney function was preserved, and sequencing of the N-acetyltransferase 2 gene revealed the patient was a phenotypic slow acetylator. Procainamide volume of distribution and half-life were calculated and found to be similar to healthy individuals. However, despite elevated serum procainamide concentrations, NAPA concentrations remained far lower in the serum and urine. The magnitude of procainamide and NAPA discordance suggested alternative contributors to the deranged pharmacokinetic profile, and we hypothesized NAPA sequestration by the ECMO circuit. Ultimately, the patient received orthotopic cardiac transplantation and was discharged home in stable condition. Procainamide should be used cautiously during ECMO, with close therapeutic drug monitoring of serum procainamide and NAPA concentrations. The achievement of therapeutic NAPA concentrations while maintaining safe serum procainamide concentrations during ECMO support may be challenging.


Perfusion ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 026765912110490
Author(s):  
Li-hong Wang ◽  
Xiao-hong Wang ◽  
Jie-chao Tan ◽  
Li-xian He ◽  
Run-qiao Fu ◽  
...  

Background: Levosimendan (LEVO) is a positive inotropic drug which could increase myocardial contractility and reduce the mortality rate in cardiac surgical patients. However, Whether LEVO is associated with postoperative bleeding and blood transfusion in cardiac surgical patients is controversial. Therefore, the current study was designed to investigate the impact of LEVO administration on bleeding and blood transfusion requirement in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) patients. Methods: In a retrospective analysis, a total of 292 patients, aged 40–87 years, undergoing elective OPCAB between January 2019 and July 2019, were divided into LEVO group ( n = 151) and Control group ( n = 141). Patients in LEVO group continuously received LEVO at a rate of 0.1–0.2 μg kg−1 min−1 after anesthesia induction until 24 hours after OPCAB or patients in Control group received no LEVO. The primary outcome was postoperative chest drainage volume. The secondary outcomes were reoperation for postoperative bleeding, transfusion requirement of red blood cells (RBCs), fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and platelet concentrate (PC), etc. Comparisons of two groups were performed with the Student’s t-test or Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test. Results: There was no significant difference with respect to chest drainage volume ((956.29 ± 555.45) ml vs (1003.19 ± 572.25) ml, p = 0.478) and the incidence of reoperation for postoperative bleeding (1.32% vs 1.42%, p = 0.945) between LEVO group and Control group. The transfusion incidence and volume of allogeneic RBCs, FFP, and PC were comparable between two groups. Conclusions: LEVO administration was neither associated with more postoperative blood loss nor increased allogeneic blood transfusion requirement in OPCAB patients.


Perfusion ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 026765912110497
Author(s):  
Alejandro Quintero ◽  
Eric E Vinck ◽  
Luz E Pérez ◽  
José J Escobar ◽  
Juan C Rendón ◽  
...  

Introduction: Data on extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy for pregnant patients with Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infection are limited. Here we report a case of an emergency cesarean section performed while the COVID-19 positive mother was on ECMO support. Case report: A 36-year-old COVID-19 positive patient at 26 weeks gestational age presented with respiratory failure requiring extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation therapy. Nine days later fetal distress demanded an emergency C-section. After 5 weeks on ECMO, the patient was weaned off. Both mother and child were discharged. Discussion: The decision to perform an urgent C-section is one that requires meticulous thought from the attending team. Pulmonary maturation is key as pregnancy may need to be terminated at any time during ECMO. Conclusion: Data on ECMO support for pregnant patients with COVID-19 infection are scarce. Best results can be achieved ensuring adequate anticoagulation, meticulous choice of cannulas, continued fetal monitoring, early lung maturation, and precision timing of delivery.


Perfusion ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 026765912110468
Author(s):  
Yan Shen ◽  
Daishan Jiang ◽  
Ting Wang ◽  
Mengqiu Li ◽  
Yayun Wang ◽  
...  

Aluminium phosphide (ALP) and aluminium zinc phosphide (ZnP), the two main ingredients of fumigation drugs, are commonly used to kill insects or rodents in grain. When exposed to water, highly toxic phosphine gas is released and absorbed through the respiratory or digestive tract. Phosphine gas could non-selectively block cytochrome oxidase, inhibit electron transfer and suppress oxidative phosphorylation, leading to cellular hypoxia and organ dysfunction. The characteristic clinical manifestations are refractory shock and metabolic acidosis with high mortality. However, patients with ALP poisoning have a chance to be cured. Here, we report a case of oral ALP poisoning that was successfully treated by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) combined with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) during frequent ventricular fibrillation and cardiac dysfunction.


Perfusion ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 026765912110493
Author(s):  
Roland F Hoffmann ◽  
Sandra Horsten ◽  
Massimo A Mariani ◽  
Adrianus J de Vries

Introduction: The Activated Clotting Time (ACT) is commonly used to manage anticoagulation during cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the older manually operated Hemochron® Response and the automated Hemochron® Signature Elite. Methods: In this observational study the clinically relevant differences of both devices were investigated simultaneously, using duplicate measurements, in 29 patients who underwent a Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) or Aortic Valve Replacement (AVR) in order to determine reliability, bias, and to detect which method has the lowest variation. Blood samples were obtained from the arterial line prior to surgery, after administration of 300 IU/kg heparin, 5 minutes after initiation of cardiopulmonary bypass and successively every 30 minutes, and after protamine administration. Results: A total of 202 measurements were performed. Of these 10 measurements were out of range in the Response and 9 in the Elite. About 27 single unstable magnet errors were seen in the Response versus no measurement errors in the Elite. No statistically significant differences between the Response (p = 0.22, Wilcoxon rank) and Elite (p = 0.064) duplicates were observed. The Response values were consistently higher during heparinization than the Elite measurements (p = 0.002, repeated measurements) with an average positive bias of around 56 seconds during heparinization (Bland-Altman). Overall, the coefficient of variation (CoV) increased during heparinization. Conclusion: The Elite was more reliable, but the variation was higher for the Elite than the Response. The observed positive bias in the Response compared to the Elite could affect heparin administration during surgery making the two systems not interchangeable.


Perfusion ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 026765912110458
Author(s):  
Serkan Aslan ◽  
Ahmet Güner ◽  
Ali Rıza Demir ◽  
Emre Yılmaz ◽  
Ayşe Feyza Aslan ◽  
...  

Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is considered a major risk factor for postoperative complications after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). To date, there is no clear consensus on the best anesthesia management for these patients. We aimed to investigate the effects of types of anesthesia on clinical outcomes in patients with severe COPD undergoing TAVI. Methods: This is a single-center, retrospective study comparing conscious sedation (CS) versus general anesthesia (GA) in 72 patients with severe COPD who underwent TAVI. The primary endpoints were 30-day all-cause mortality and postoperative pulmonary complications. Results: The main outcome of interest of this study was that the frequency of pulmonary complications was statistically higher in the GA group (21.4% vs 3.3%, p = 0.038). These differences are most likely attributed to the GA because of prolonged mechanical ventilation, and longer ICU stay (2 (1.2–3) vs 2.5 (2–4) days, p = 0.029) associated with an increased risk of nosocomial infections. There were no significant differences in procedure complications and 30-day mortality between the two groups (GA; 19% vs CS; 13.3%, p = 0.521). One-year survival rates, compared by Kaplan-Meier analysis, were similar between groups (log-rank p = 0.733). Conclusion: In aortic stenosis patients with severe COPD undergoing TAVI, the use of GA compared with CS was associated with higher incidences of respiratory-related complications, and longer ICU length of stay. CS is a safe and viable option for these patients and should be considered the favored approach.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document