Acute Impact of the Coronavirus Disease Outbreak on Behavioral Patterns and Emotional States of Pediatric Psychiatric Patients and Caregivers in Daegu, South Korea

Author(s):  
Hye Rin Seo ◽  
Hyun Seok Jung ◽  
Da Seul Jung ◽  
Jeong Won Choi ◽  
So Hye Jo
2018 ◽  
Vol 13 (03) ◽  
pp. 504-510 ◽  
Author(s):  
Heejung Son ◽  
Wang Jun Lee ◽  
Hyun Soo Kim ◽  
Kkot Sil Lee ◽  
Myoungsoon You

ABSTRACTHospital workers are critical for a successful response to an infectious disease outbreak and for preventing disease transmission to the community. Therefore, hospital crisis management should implement efforts to improve hospital workers’ preparedness in responding to public health emergencies caused by infectious diseases. Traditionally, preparedness and skill of hospital workers have been emphasized, but awareness of the importance of the emotional mindset of hospital workers in dealing with disease outbreaks has only recently increased; therefore, empirical approaches to examining emotional responses of hospital workers has been limited. This study analyzed qualitative data of the 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome outbreak in South Korea. In particular, negative emotions and stress experienced by hospital workers who treated patients were characterized, as were the events that triggered such experiences. These events were categorized into four themes (eg,Mistake, Missing, Delay Due to Communication Failure). Identifying events that trigger negative emotions in hospital workers has important implications for hospitals’ management guidance in relation to an infectious disease outbreak. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness.2019;13:504-510)


1973 ◽  
Vol 34 (1) ◽  
pp. 133-143 ◽  
Author(s):  
John T. Tokar ◽  
Anthony J. Brunse ◽  
Volney J. Stefflre ◽  
David A. Napior ◽  
John A. Sodergren

2014 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. SART.S13254 ◽  
Author(s):  
Epaenetus A. Awuzu ◽  
Emmanuel Kaye ◽  
Patrick Vudriko

Various studies have reported that abuse of cannabis is a risk factor for psychosis. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of delta 9-tetrahydrocanabinol (Δ 9 -THC), a major metabolite of cannabis, in psychiatric patients in Uganda, and to assess the diagnostic capacity of two referral mental health hospitals to screen patients for exposure to cannabis in Uganda. Socio-demographic characteristics of the patients were collected through questionnaires and review of medical records. Urine samples were collected from 100 patients and analyzed using Δ 9 -THC immunochromatographic kit (Standard Diagnostics®, South Korea). Seventeen percent of the patients tested positive for Δ 9 -THC residues in their urine. There was strong association ( p < 0.05) between history of previous abuse of cannabis and presence of Δ 9 -THC residues in the urine. Alcohol, cocaine, heroin, pethidine, tobacco, khat and kuber were the other substances abused in various combinations. Both referral hospitals lacked laboratory diagnostic kits for detection of cannabis in psychiatric patients. In conclusion, previous abuse of cannabis is associated with occurrence of the residues in psychiatric patients, yet referral mental health facilities in Uganda do not have the appropriate diagnostic kits for detection of cannabis residues as a basis for evidence-based psychotherapy.


2020 ◽  
Vol 43 (5) ◽  
pp. 477-500
Author(s):  
Son-Il Pak ◽  
Gyoungju Lee ◽  
Munsu Sin ◽  
Hyuk Park ◽  
JiYoung Park

The objective of this study is to identify high-risk areas of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in South Korea using nationwide data collected for the disease cases that occurred during the period from December 2014 to April 2015. High-risk areas of FMD occurrence are defined as local clusters or hot spots, where the frequency of disease occurrence is higher than expected. An issue in the FMD detection study is in identifying a spatial pattern deviated significantly from the expected value under the null hypothesis that no spatial process is investigated. While identifying geographic clusters is challenging to reveal the causes of disease outbreak, it is most useful to detect and monitor potential areas of risk occurrence and suggest a further in-depth investigation. This study extended a traditional score statistic (SC) that has limited to identify the spatial pattern by proposing a spatiotemporal score statistic (STSC) that incorporates a temporal component into the SC approach. STSC, a local spatial statistic, was utilized to detect clusters around the known foci with a latent period. This study demonstrated STSC could better exploit the advantage of the original SC and improve the cluster detection due to the latent time component. The empirical results of STSC are expected to provide more useful policy implications with agencies in charge of preventing and controlling the spread of epidemics when deciding where to concentrate the limited resources available.


Author(s):  
Hui Yun Chan

AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic has generated a range of responses from countries across the globe in managing and containing infections. Considerable research has highlighted the importance of trust in ethically and effectively managing infectious diseases in the population; however, considerations of reciprocal trust remain limited in debates on pandemic response. This paper aims to broaden the perspective of good ethical practices in managing an infectious disease outbreak by including the role of reciprocal trust. A synthesis of the approaches drawn from South Korea and Taiwan reveals reciprocal trust as an important ethical response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Reciprocal trust offers the opportunity to reconcile the difficulties arising from restrictive measures for protecting population health and individual rights.


Author(s):  
Dominika DOKTOROVÁ ◽  

The theory of mind deficit, as the ability to attribute mental states to others, could explain some of the symptoms of patients with psychotic disorder. The poor estimate of the mental states of other people could explain paranoid thinking, some variations in speech, peculiarities in behavior and other symptoms found in patients with this diagnosis. The aim of the research is to describe the theory of mind in psychiatric patients, as schizophrenia can be seen as a disorder of mental states. The research sample consisted of 30 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Data are obtained via questionnaire method and evaluated quantitatively and qualitatively. For research, we have used non-standardized mind-based verbal tasks. Based on frequency tables, psychiatric patients most failed in the theory of mind in dimensions - metaphors (60%) and mental states (50%). The other variables scored better while 30% of probands failed in the theory of mind of the 1st order, 26.7% of probands failed in the theory of second order, 16.7% in emotional states and 23.3% of all psychiatric patients in physical properties. Subsequently, we focused on the qualitative evaluation of individual areas. We found out, that patients scored the worst in the theory of mind tasks that refer to the mental states of others.


2019 ◽  
Vol 62 (3) ◽  
pp. 111-129
Author(s):  
Igor Zivanovic

Empathy represents the capacity of an individual to directly experience others? emotional states. Psychologist Stephanie Preston and primatologist Frans de Waal proposed the evolutionary model of empathy based on the common-coding theory of perception and action. In this paper, I will examine the emotional and cognitive aspects of their account of empathy, as well as its significance for the evolution of psychological altruism and morality. In the same context, I will also examine the experimental evidence on empathy based altruistic helping in children and non-human primates whose behavioral patterns indicate the presence of what de Wall calls the building blocks of morality. Finally, I will try to answer how the building blocks of morality relate to morality as a full-blown phenomenon.


2020 ◽  
Vol 26 (8) ◽  
pp. 1666-1670 ◽  
Author(s):  
Shin Young Park ◽  
Young-Man Kim ◽  
Seonju Yi ◽  
Sangeun Lee ◽  
Baeg-Ju Na ◽  
...  

2020 ◽  
Vol 26 (10) ◽  
pp. 2465-2468 ◽  
Author(s):  
Young Joon Park ◽  
Young June Choe ◽  
Ok Park ◽  
Shin Young Park ◽  
Young-Man Kim ◽  
...  

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