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2022 ◽  
Vol 32 (1) ◽  
pp. 339-359
Author(s):  
M. Rajalakshmi ◽  
V. Saravanan ◽  
V. Arunprasad ◽  
C. A. T. Romero ◽  
O. I. Khalaf ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
pp. 2757-2763
Author(s):  
Muhammad Rasyid Ridha ◽  
Liestiana Indriyati ◽  
Dicky Andiarsa ◽  
April Hari Wardhana

Fasciolopsiasis is a parasitic infection caused by the flatworm Fasciolopsis buski. Since 1982, fasciolopsiasis has been reported in Indonesia's Hulu Sungai Utara (HSU) Regency, South Kalimantan Province. Fasciolopsiasis occurs when contaminated raw or undercooked aquatic plants are consumed. Cercariae of the parasite encyst in a variety of aquatic plants and grow into metacercariae that infect and reproduce in the human intestine. Until now, treatment for F. buski infection in the HSU Regency has been comparatively short, with patients receiving only a single dose of praziquantel, 30 mg/kg body weight, without further observation. A long-term effort through health promotion activities and intensive health education, particularly for elementary school children enrolled in the School Health Program, is ongoing to help prevent fasciolopsiasis from spreading and to improve environmental sanitation. Through 2018, intervention efforts successfully reduced the incidence of F. buski infection. Sustaining surveillance and investigation of fasciolopsiasis, including identification of new cases and community education, is critical for the elimination of the parasite from Indonesia. This review describes the spread of F. buski and its possible impact on public health to understand the critical nature of continuing F. buski surveillance and control efforts.


Author(s):  
J. L. Vieira ◽  
S. O. Campos ◽  
G. Smagghe ◽  
D. B. Fragoso ◽  
J. A. F. Barrigossi ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Dongcheng Wang ◽  
Yanghuan Xu ◽  
Tongyuan Zhang ◽  
Bowei Duan ◽  
Huaxin Yu ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (4) ◽  
Author(s):  
Azamalsadat Navabi ◽  
Mohsen Shamsi ◽  
Mahboobeh Khorsandi ◽  
Maryam Zamanian

Background: The neonatal period is one of the most sensitive stages of life, requiring proper understanding and attentive care. Objectives: Accordingly, this study was done to investigate the effectiveness of theory of planned behavior (TPB)-based educational intervention on newborn care in pregnant mothers. Methods: This study was conducted as quasi-experimental research on 100 pregnant mothers who were assigned randomly to two groups of intervention (N = 50) and control (N = 50). The data collection tool was a valid and reliable questionnaire based on TPB, which was completed by both groups before the intervention. Considering the effective constructs of this theory, the educational intervention was performed in the form of four 60-minute education sessions in one month for the intervention group. One month after delivery, the data were recollected from both groups and analyzed using statistical tests. Results: The mean and standard deviation of the mothers’ age in both intervention and control groups were 26.14 ± 4.7 and 26.10 ± 5.19 years, respectively (P = 0.48). Before the educational intervention, the behavioral intention of the intervention group was 3.33 (out of 5), which significantly increased to 4.54 after the educational intervention (P < 0.001). Also, the performance of mothers regarding neonatal care in the intervention group increased from 2.86 to 4.64 (P = 0.001) after the education. Conclusions: The TPB-based educational intervention, along with active follow-ups, led to better and more principled behavioral intention and care provided by pregnant mothers to their newborn infants. Therefore, providing TPB-based education in other healthcare centers is recommended.


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (11) ◽  
pp. 900
Author(s):  
Nawal Abd El-Baky ◽  
Amro Abd Al Fattah Amara

Recent research demonstrates that the number of virulent phytopathogenic fungi continually grows, which leads to significant economic losses worldwide. Various procedures are currently available for the rapid detection and control of phytopathogenic fungi. Since 1940, chemical and synthetic fungicides were typically used to control phytopathogenic fungi. However, the substantial increase in development of fungal resistance to these fungicides in addition to negative effects caused by synthetic fungicides on the health of animals, human beings, and the environment results in the exploration of various new approaches and green strategies of fungal control by scientists from all over the world. In this review, the development of new approaches for controlling fungal diseases in plants is discussed. We argue that an effort should be made to bring these recent technologies to the farmer level.


Author(s):  
TARASYUK Anton ◽  
GAMALIY Volodymyr

Background. Agriculture is a leader in the export of our country,butthere is no comprehensive systemic approach in Ukraine and in the world to the development of enterprises in this industry based on the use of information technology in terms of the concept of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. An analysis of recent research and publicationshas shown that there are some scientific achievements, but an important scientific and practical problem of a comprehensive strategy for digitalization of agricultural enterprises remains unresolved. The aim of the article is to study the current state of implementation of information technologies in Ukrainian agricultural enterprises, to identify unresolved problems of agricultural enterprises digitalization. Materials and methods. Methods of system analysis and synthesis, marketing researches, statistical and comparison were used in the paper. Results. Scientific hypotheses have been put forward regarding the need to create and implement a comprehensive concept of digitalization of agriculture – "Smart agricultural", which is a set of software and hardware that provides automated collection and transmission for processing all necessary data for management decisions in the agricultural sector. Based on the results of this study, the theoretical foundations for the development and application of intelligent systems in the agricultural sector and the use of automated workplaces in control systems have been developed. The main groups of hardware and software used for industry automation are considered. At detailed consideration of application of the specified technological directions, there are non-systematic application, absence of software for systematic fixing and control of parameters for the further analysis. Conclusion. The results of the development ways analysis of the "Agriculture 4.0" ("SmartFarm") concept for its application at the Ukrainian agricultural enterprises allowed to allocate four technological directions: aerospace technologies; Internet of Things (IoT); information and communication technologies; Big Data and Machine Learning. The main achievements in each technological direction, available developments and ways of their application are considered. We found out that technological and technical means are used to ensure the quality development of the agricultural sector, but most technologies are used for operational processes and control of the enterprise current state. The study demonstrates that the big data technology and machine learning, which are the most important for the creation of automated jobs are not developed completely. Keywords: management system, intelligent systems, machine learning, digitalization of agricultural sector.


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