fourier transform
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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-18
Alessio Pagani ◽  
Zhuangkun Wei ◽  
Ricardo Silva ◽  
Weisi Guo

Infrastructure monitoring is critical for safe operations and sustainability. Like many networked systems, water distribution networks (WDNs) exhibit both graph topological structure and complex embedded flow dynamics. The resulting networked cascade dynamics are difficult to predict without extensive sensor data. However, ubiquitous sensor monitoring in underground situations is expensive, and a key challenge is to infer the contaminant dynamics from partial sparse monitoring data. Existing approaches use multi-objective optimization to find the minimum set of essential monitoring points but lack performance guarantees and a theoretical framework. Here, we first develop a novel Graph Fourier Transform (GFT) operator to compress networked contamination dynamics to identify the essential principal data collection points with inference performance guarantees. As such, the GFT approach provides the theoretical sampling bound. We then achieve under-sampling performance by building auto-encoder (AE) neural networks (NN) to generalize the GFT sampling process and under-sample further from the initial sampling set, allowing a very small set of data points to largely reconstruct the contamination dynamics over real and artificial WDNs. Various sources of the contamination are tested, and we obtain high accuracy reconstruction using around 5%–10% of the network nodes for known contaminant sources, and 50%–75% for unknown source cases, which although larger than that of the schemes for contaminant detection and source identifications, is smaller than the current sampling schemes for contaminant data recovery. This general approach of compression and under-sampled recovery via NN can be applied to a wide range of networked infrastructures to enable efficient data sampling for digital twins.

2022 ◽  
Vol 205 ◽  
pp. 107772
Abdelrahman Sobhy ◽  
Mohammed A. Saeed ◽  
Abdelfattah A. Eladl ◽  
Sobhy M. Abdelkader

2022 ◽  
Vol 151 ◽  
pp. 106911
Jiachen Shi ◽  
Qian Liu ◽  
Yidong Tan ◽  
Kaihua Cui ◽  
Jiawei Lu

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 203-209
Kumara Dhas M ◽  
Vijayaraj K

The Cupric oxide (CuO) nanostructures and Fe doped CuO nanomaterials are synthesized by microwave irradiation method. The effect of Fe doping on the crystal structure, band gap and optical properties of synthesized samples were characterized by using x-ray diffraction, ultraviolet-visible spectrometer, photoluminescence spectrometer and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. X-ray diffraction study confirms the size of the particle in nanometer. The optical band gap calculated from UV–Vis absorption spectrum, reveals the change in band gap energy due to the presence of dopants. The photoluminescence spectrum suggests that Fe doped CuO nanoparticles may be used in optoelectronic devices. The functional group analysis carried out by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed the substitution of Fe in the samples.

Foods ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 232
Hanim Z. Amanah ◽  
Salma Sultana Tunny ◽  
Rudiati Evi Masithoh ◽  
Myoung-Gun Choung ◽  
Kyung-Hwan Kim ◽  

The demand for rapid and nondestructive methods to determine chemical components in food and agricultural products is proliferating due to being beneficial for screening food quality. This research investigates the feasibility of Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) to predict total as well as an individual type of isoflavones and oligosaccharides using intact soybean samples. A partial least square regression method was performed to develop models based on the spectral data of 310 soybean samples, which were synchronized to the reference values evaluated using a conventional assay. Furthermore, the obtained models were tested using soybean varieties not initially involved in the model construction. As a result, the best prediction models of FT-NIR were allowed to predict total isoflavones and oligosaccharides using intact seeds with acceptable performance (R2p: 0.80 and 0.72), which were slightly better than the model obtained based on FT-IR data (R2p: 0.73 and 0.70). The results also demonstrate the possibility of using FT-NIR to predict individual types of evaluated components, denoted by acceptable performance values of prediction model (R2p) of over 0.70. In addition, the result of the testing model proved the model’s performance by obtaining a similar R2 and error to the calibration model.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 671
Daoguang Yang ◽  
Hamid Reza Karimi ◽  
Len Gelman

Some artificial intelligence algorithms have gained much attention in the rotating machinery fault diagnosis due to their robust nonlinear regression properties. In addition, existing deep learning algorithms are usually dependent on single signal features, which would lead to the loss of some information or incomplete use of the information in the signal. To address this problem, three kinds of popular signal processing methods, including Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), Short-Time Fourier Transform (STFT) and directly slicing one-dimensional data into the two-dimensional matrix, are used to create four different datasets from raw vibration signal as the input data of four enhancement Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) models. Then, a fuzzy fusion strategy is used to fuse the output of four CNN models that could analyze the importance of each classifier and explore the interaction index between each classifier, which is different from conventional fusion strategies. To show the performance of the proposed model, an artificial fault bearing dataset and a real-world bearing dataset are used to test the feature extraction capability of the model. The good anti-noise and interpretation characteristics of the proposed method are demonstrated as well.

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