malt lymphoma
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2022 ◽  
Vol 70 (2) ◽  
pp. 103330
A. Velissari ◽  
T.P Vassilakopoulos ◽  
M.K Angelopoulou ◽  
P Korkolopoulou ◽  
G. Bamias ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-8
Yu-Zhen Li ◽  
Ya Shen ◽  
Lian-Di Gao ◽  
Xin-Xin Chen ◽  

AIM: To explore the effect of miR-184 and miR-205 on the proliferation and metastasis of conjunctival mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. METHODS: Tissue of tumor and adjacent normal control from 5 patients with conjunctival MALT was included. RPMI8226 cell line was selected to verify the effect of miRNAs in B cells. The function of microRNA on the RPMI8226 cell apoptosis, migration and invasion was evaluated by apoptosis assay and Transwell assay. The mRNA and protein expression were examined by quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting. The effect of microRNA on regulation of downstream gene expression was evaluated by luciferase report assay. RESULTS: A decreased level of miR-184 and miR-205 was observed in MALT lymphoma tissue. Exogenous miR-184 and miR-205 analogues promoted apoptosis, and inhibited the survival, migration, and invasion of RPMI8226 cells. miR-184 and miR-205 inhibitor reversed the process. The RNA and protein level of RasL10B and TNFAIP8 were downregulated in MALT lymphoma tissue. The exogenous of miR-184 and miR-205 promoted the expression of RasL10B and TNFAIP8. Meanwhile, inhibition of miR-184 and miR-205 repressed the expression of target gene, RasL10B and TNFAIP8. CONCLUSION: miR-184 and miR-205 suppresses the tumorigenesis of conjunctival MALT lymphoma through regulating RasL10B and TNFAIP8.

2022 ◽  
Vol 41 (1) ◽  
Masoud Keikha ◽  
Amirhossein Sahebkar ◽  
Yoshio Yamaoka ◽  
Mohsen Karbalaei

Abstract Background Recent studies have investigated the role of Helicobacter pylori infection in the development of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. It is estimated that approximately 0.1% of people infected with H. pylori develop gastric MALT lymphoma. However, the role of the CagA antigen, the highest causative agent of H. pylori, in increasing the risk of gastric MALT lymphoma remains unclear and controversial. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to evaluate the effect of cagA status on the development of gastric MALT lymphoma. Methods All articles evaluating the status of the cagA gene in the development of gastric MALT lymphoma were collected using systematic searches in online databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Google Scholar, regardless of publication date. The association between cagA and gastric MALT lymphoma was assessed using the odds ratio (OR) summary. In addition, a random-effects model was used in cases with significant heterogeneity. Results A total of 10 studies met our inclusion criteria, among which 1860 patients participated. No association between cagA status and the development of MALT lymphoma (extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma) was found in this study (OR 1.30; 0.906–1.866 with 95% CIs; I2: 45.83; Q-value: 12.92). Surprisingly, a meaningful association was observed between cagA status and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (OR 6.43; 2.45–16.84 with 95% CIs). We also observed an inverse association between vacA and gastric MALT lymphoma risk (OR 0.92; 0.57–1.50 with 95% CIs). Conclusions It seems that the infection with cagA-positive H. pylori strains does not have a meaningful effect on the gastric MALT lymphoma formation, while translocated CagA antigen into the B cells plays a crucial role in the development of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Cancers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 176
Juan José Rodríguez-Sevilla ◽  
Antonio Salar

Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas are a diverse group of lymphoid neoplasms with B-cell origin, occurring in adult patients and usually having an indolent clinical behavior. These lymphomas may arise in different anatomic locations, sharing many clinicopathological characteristics, but also having substantial variances in the aetiology and genetic alterations. Chromosomal translocations are recurrent in MALT lymphomas with different prevalence among different sites, being the 4 most common: t(11;18)(q21;q21), t(1;14)(p22;q32), t(14;18)(q32;q21), and t(3;14)(p14.1;q32). Several chromosomal numerical abnormalities have also been described, but probably represent secondary genetic events. The mutational landscape of MALT lymphomas is wide, and the most frequent mutations are: TNFAIP3, CREBBP, KMT2C, TET2, SPEN, KMT2D, LRP1B, PRDM1, EP300, TNFRSF14, NOTCH1/NOTCH2, and B2M, but many other genes may be involved. Similar to chromosomal translocations, certain mutations are enriched in specific lymphoma types. In the same line, variation in immunoglobulin gene usage is recognized among MALT lymphoma of different anatomic locations. In the last decade, several studies have analyzed the role of microRNA, transcriptomics and epigenetic alterations, further improving our knowledge about the pathogenic mechanisms in MALT lymphoma development. All these advances open the possibility of targeted directed treatment and push forward the concept of precision medicine in MALT lymphomas.

2021 ◽  
Vol 24 (1) ◽  
pp. 49-62
Hitoshi Ohno ◽  
Masaya Ohana

2021 ◽  
Wing Yu Lau ◽  
Kit‐man Ho ◽  
Fiona Ka‐man Chan ◽  
Shi Lam ◽  
Kai‐chi Cheng

2021 ◽  
pp. 1761-1767
Makoto Saito ◽  
Shihori Tsukamoto ◽  
Takashi Ishio ◽  
Emi Yokoyama ◽  
Koh Izumiyama ◽  

The standard treatment for colorectal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma has not yet been established due to the rarity of the disease. Here, we report a case of long-term response to chemotherapy for colorectal MALT lymphoma (stage I). A 77-year-old frail female patient with diabetes mellitus and dementia developed melena of unknown etiology, and a colonoscopy was performed at a nearby hospital. A biopsy suggested malignant lymphoma, and she was referred to our department. As a result of re-examination of colonoscopy, a total of 3 submucosal tumor-like lesions were confirmed. Of these, a biopsy of the lesions in the ascending colon and rectum was performed, and MALT lymphoma was diagnosed on the basis of the histopathological findings. Following close examination, no other lymphoma lesions were found, and the patient was diagnosed with primary colorectal MALT lymphoma, stage I. After 1 course of R-THP-COP chemotherapy (rituximab + cyclophosphamide, pirarubicin, vincristine, and prednisone), the rectal lesion was confirmed to have almost disappeared endoscopically, and lymphoma cells were not found histopathologically. The patient was determined to be in complete remission (CR). However, due to hematological toxicity and a slight worsening of glucose control, the second chemotherapy course was changed to the BR regimen (rituximab + bendamustine), and 4 courses were performed (5 total courses of chemotherapy). Currently, >3 years have passed since reaching CR, and the patient is alive without recurrence.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Takashi Kido ◽  
Hiroshi Ishimoto ◽  
Hiroshi Ishii ◽  
Kanako Hara ◽  
Mutsumi Ozasa ◽  

AbstractDiagnosis of pulmonary lymphoma using small tissue samples is difficult and often requires surgical procedures; thus, a less invasive sampling method is desirable. We previously showed that pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma can be diagnosed by detecting MALT lymphoma translocation gene 1 (MALT1) translocations in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cells. Analysis of B-cell clonality based on immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) gene rearrangements was also reportedly useful for diagnosing pulmonary lymphoma. The aim of this prospective multicenter study was to evaluate the yet unknown diagnostic potential of combined detection of MALT1 translocations and clonality using BALF. We analyzed B- and T-cell clonality based on IGH and T-cell receptor (TCR) rearrangements together with MALT1 translocations using BALF of patients with clinically suspected pulmonary lymphomas. In total, 39 patients were evaluated and categorized into three groups: B-cell lymphoma, lymphoproliferative disorders, and other diseases. IGH rearrangement detection for B-cell lymphoma diagnosis exhibited sensitivity and specificity of 88.9% and 90.0%, respectively. TCR rearrangements were not observed in patients with B-cell lymphomas. The presence of IGH rearrangements together with the absence of TCR rearrangements indicated 96.0% specificity for the diagnosis of B-cell lymphoma. The sensitivity and specificity of MALT1 translocations for diagnosing MALT lymphoma were 28.6% and 100%, respectively. The combined detection of lymphocyte clonality and MALT1 translocations using BALF is suitable for screening and diagnosis of B-cell lymphomas. Analysis of specific genes such as MALT1 should improve the precision of B-cell lymphoma diagnosis.

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