clinical features
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2022 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
Luis A. Pérez-Vera ◽  
Valentina Herrera-García ◽  
María C. Pérez-Matos ◽  
Luis A. Díaz-Martínez ◽  
Luis A. Villar-Centeno ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (3) ◽  
pp. 840-855
Xin Chu ◽  
Gui-Fang Zhang ◽  
Yong-Ke Zheng ◽  
Yi-Gang Zhong ◽  
Li Wen ◽  

V Bharath

AbstractMyasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare autoimmune neuromuscular disorder. Though MG was diagnosed four centuries ago, its rational management started in 1930s. In the present era, MG is managed by multimodality care including pharmacological agents, plasmapheresis, intravenous immunoglobulins, and surgical thymectomy. Thymectomy has evolved from open trans-sternal to video-assisted thoracoscopic and robotic thymectomy. In this article, the concise history of MG, its clinical features, diagnosis, and management are described.

2022 ◽  
Vol 38 (3) ◽  
Yaxuan Wang ◽  
Guoyan Qi ◽  
Ying Yang

Objectives: To investigate the clinical features of patients with myasthenia gravis complicated with and without hyperthyroidism. Methods: A total of 2083 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) admitted in Center of Treatment of Myasthenia Gravis Hebei Province between January 2013 and July 2020 were retrospectively analyzed and divided into two groups: Group-A and Group-B, with 108 MG patients complicated with hyperthyroidism in Group-A and 1975 MG patients without thyroid disease in Group-B. The age of onset, gender, Osserman classification, acetylcholine receptor antibody and thymus status of the two groups were analyzed in the two groups. Independent-sample t test was used for intra-group comparison, and χ2 test was utilized for comparison of enumeration data. P<0.05 indicates a statistically significant difference. Results: The age of onset in Group-A was significantly lower than that in Group-B (p=0.000), the number of female patients was significantly higher than that in Group-B (p=0.037), and the level of Achrabs titer was significantly lower than that in Group-B (p=0.000). The incidence of thymoma in Group-A was significantly lower than that in Group-B (p=0.012), while the incidence of thymic hyperplasia was significantly higher than that in Group-B (p=0.000). Conclusion: Patients with MG complicated with hyperthyroidism are mainly female, with a lower age of onset, a lower level of acetylcholine receptor antibody, a lower incidence of thymoma, and a higher incidence of thymic hyperplasia. The clinical features of such patients are remarkably different from those of MG without thyroid disease. doi: How to cite this:Wang Y, Qi G, Yang Y. Analysis of clinical features of myasthenia gravis complicated with hyperthyroidism. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(3):---------. doi: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Zhe Zhu ◽  
Jun Xiao ◽  
Lifu Luo ◽  
Bo Yang ◽  
He Zou ◽  

Abstract Background Herein, we report two cases of unilateral retinal pigment epithelium dysgenesis (URPED) in Chinese patients and explore the relationship between URPED and combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (CHRRPE). Case presentation The lesion margins in the two cases showed pathognomonic clinical features of URPED, namely, a scalloped reticular margin in hyperplastic retinal pigment epithelium and mild fibrosis. The hypoautofluorescence observed by fundus autofluorescence was inverted compared with that observed by fundus fluorescence angiography. A large amount of fibroglial proliferation and disorganization of the retina involving the whole layer, which are also found in peripapillary CHRRPE, were found in the lesions. Conclusions URPED appears to share some clinical features with CHRRPE, and the relationship between URPED and CHRRPE needs further study.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 61-68
Divmehar Kaur ◽  
Inderpreet Kaur ◽  
Ravinder Khaira ◽  
Sanjay Goel ◽  
Maninder Kaur

Intubation of a patient with temporomandibular joint ankylosis is a challenge for every anaesthesiologist. Dependable anaesthetic technique is most desired by all anaesthesiologists. The purpose of the present article is to have a brief overview of temporomandibular joint ankylosis, its clinical features, management and to review literature demonstrating various intubation techniques available to an anaesthesiologist while managing patients with temporomandibular joint ankylosis.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
pp. 7
Ian Munro Rogers

The early observations of those who first described babies with pyloric stenosis (PS) are used as a backdrop for the development of the Inherited Primary Hyperacidity theory of cause. Those early truths, uncomplicated by modern technology, have acted as a springboard for pathogenesis. Hyperacidity, male predominance, family history, self-cure, enhanced appetite, and time-sensitive presentation were all well known to the early pioneers. Any system of pathogenesis must explain all these clinical features. The Inherited Primary Hyperacidity theory does this and is a credible explanation for all the clinical features established by these early pioneers. The evidence which supports a delay in maturation of the negative feedback between gastrin and gastric acidity is presented. Such a phenomenon further supports the Primary Hyperacidity theory.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 410
Marco Sebastiani ◽  
Caterina Vacchi ◽  
Giulia Cassone ◽  
Andreina Manfredi

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is one of the most frequent pulmonary complications of autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs), and it is mainly associated with connective tissue diseases (CTDs) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) [...]

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