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2022 ◽  
Vol 70 (2) ◽  
pp. 103330
A. Velissari ◽  
T.P Vassilakopoulos ◽  
M.K Angelopoulou ◽  
P Korkolopoulou ◽  
G. Bamias ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (3) ◽  
Vasileios Panteris ◽  
Panagiotis Karantanos ◽  
Nikolaos Vasilakis ◽  
Stephanie Vgenopoulou ◽  
Georgia Lymperopoulou ◽  

2022 ◽  
Sylvia Kaskafetou ◽  
Argiro Karakosta ◽  
Vana Sypsa ◽  
Natasa Kalpourtzi ◽  
Magda Gavana ◽  

Abstract Background: Although several studies on hepatitis B (HBV), C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have been conducted in Greece, little is known on the knowledge level of the Greek population towards these three infections. Our aim was to assess the knowledge level of the adult Greek general population about the HBV, HCV and HIV.Methods: Data were derived from the first general population Health Survey, Hprolipsis. The sample was selected by multistage stratified random sampling. A standardized questionnaire was administered by trained interviewers during home visits. A knowledge score was constructed based on responses to 17 per infection selected items and categorized in three levels; high (12-17 correct replies) medium (6-11) and low (0-5). Among 8,341 eligible individuals, 6,006 were recruited (response rate:72%) and 5,878 adults (≥18 years) were included in the analysis. Results: Only 30.4%, 21.6%, and 29.6% of the participants had a high overall knowledge level of HBV, HCV and HIV, respectively. These low percentages were mainly attributed to the high levels of misconception about transmission modes (65.9%, 67.2%, and 67.9%, respectively). Results showed that increasing age and living out of the big metropolitan cities were associated with decreased odds of having higher knowledge. Female gender, higher education level, higher monthly family income, higher medical risk score, history of testing and being born in Greece or Cyprus, were associated with increased odds of having higher knowledge. Conclusions: There are significant knowledge gaps in the Greek general population regarding modes of transmission, preventive measures and treatment availability for HBV, HCV and HIV. There is an urgent need for large scale but also localized awareness activities targeted to less privileged populations, to fill the gaps in knowledge and increase population engagement in preventive measures.

N. Mourtzi ◽  
A. Hatzimanolis ◽  
G. Xiromerisiou ◽  
E. Ntanasi ◽  
M.K. Georgakis ◽  

Background: Frailty is a complex geriatric syndrome arising from a combination of genetic and environmental factors and is associated with adverse health outcomes and mortality. A recent study reported an association between variants of the 9p21-23 locus, associated with a number of age-related disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and frailty. Frailty has been associated with increased risk of developing AD and it has been proposed that frailty burden may modify AD clinical presentation. In view of the overlapping genetic architecture between the two disorders, it is noteworthy to conduct studies to uncover risk variants that contribute to both AD and frailty. The purpose of this study is to test the reproducibility of the association of 9p21-23 locus with frailty in a population that is ethnically different from previous work and in the context of multidimensional definitions of frailty that will allow us to examine the potential impact to domains pertaining to AD pathology. Methods: We operationalized frailty according two definitions and the corresponding instruments, the Frailty Index (FI) and the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI) and we determined genotypes of eight alleles previously identified as risk increasing for frailty in 1172 community-dwelling older participants (57% females) from the HELIAD study with a mean age of 74 years old. We cross-sectionally investigated the association between risk alleles and frailty, as well as with specific components of each definition using linear regression analyses adjusted for age, sex and years of education. Results: Compared to non-carriers, carriers of rs7038172 C risk allele, were associated with a higher FI Score (β=0.089, p=0.002). Similarly, we found a positive association between the presence of at least one rs7038172 C variant and TFI score (β=0.053, p=0.04). Moreover, the rs7038172 variant was associated, irrespectively of dementia status, with the memory and psychological domain of FI and TFI, respectively. Conclusion: Our study confirms the association of the rs7038172 C allele with the frailty syndrome in a Greek population and in the context of multidimensional definitions of frailty. Furthermore, we report novel associations between this allele and the memory domain of FI and the psychological domain of TFI, that includes memory problems on its components. Given that frailty burden has been shown to modify the AD clinical presentation, it is likely that rs7038172 C allele may accelerate the transition of AD or frailty to dementia Overall, our study corroborates the role of the 9p21-23 region in frailty development and draw potential links with AD pathology.

2021 ◽  
Vol 43 (4) ◽  
pp. 291-301
Agnieszka Chrisidu-Budnik

The 1944–1949 Greek civil war between the supporters of the monarchy with the right-wing government and the left-wing forces with the Democratic Army of Greece resulted in the death of approximately 100,000 people and forced partisans and their families to migrate to countries of “people’s democracy.” It is estimated that the Polish People’s Republic accepted approximately 14,000 people (children and adults). The article describes the genesis of the conflict that led to the outbreak of the civil war as well as the increasing polarization of the Greek population. It presents the (political and social) complexity of the processes of emigrating from Greece to the people’s democracies and selected aspects of the organization of the Greek community’s life in the Polish People’s Republic.

Blood ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 138 (Supplement 1) ◽  
pp. 3124-3124
Panagiotis Skendros ◽  
Irene Mavroudi ◽  
Stavros Papadakis ◽  
Peggy Kanellou ◽  
Erasmia Boutakoglou ◽  

Abstract Introduction-Aim: Chronic idiopathic neutropenia (CIN) is a neutrophil disorder characterized by the prolonged and unexplained reduction in the number of peripheral blood (PB) absolute neutrophil counts (ANC). The underlying pathogenesis in CIN implicates the production of proinflammatory cytokines by activated lymphocytes and monocytes that induce excessive apoptotic death of the bone marrow (BM) granulocytic progenitor cells. Clonal hematopoiesis identified by next generation sequencing (NGS) of myeloid genes is found in 11% of CIN patients conferring an increased risk for MDS/AML transformation whereas the non-clonal patients display usually a benign course. The basis for the immune cell activation and proinflammatory cytokine production in CIN remains obscure. Based on previously reported data showing increased frequency of mutations of the MEFV gene encoding pyrin in patients with idiopathic inflammatory conditions other than typical Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF), we sought to investigate the common MEFV mutations in a cohort of well characterized CIN patients. Patients-Methods: We have studied 50 patients fulfilling the previously reported diagnostic criteria of CIN (median ANC 1.5x10 9/L, range 0.2-1.7 x10 9/L), 44 females and 6 males with a median age of 56 years (range 25-87 years) and a long-follow-up (median 132 months, range 8-336 months) in the Department of Hematology of the University Hospital of Heraklion, Crete, Greece. Nonisotopic RNase cleavage assay (NIRCA) analysis was used as first screening method to detect MEFV exons 10 and 2 mutations in DNA extracted from PB or BM samples from CIN patients, confirmed by direct NGS analysis. These sequences contain the main disease-related mutations and polymorphisms. Results: Genetics alterations of MEFV were detected in 22 out of 50 CIN patients (44%). Pathogenic mutations (variants associated with typical or "atypical" FMF phenotype in Greek population) were identified in 10/50 CIN patients (20%). The 20% frequency of MEFV mutations in exon 10 and/or exon 2 in CIN patients is significantly higher compared to the carrier rate of common MEFV mutations in the healthy Greek population (0.7%) according to our previously reported data (P<0.0001, Fisher's exact test). NGS analysis confirmed the mutational pattern of NIRCA and specifically showed: (a) one patient with heterozygous I720M (ATC>ATG; Ile>Met), two patients with heterozygous A744S (GCC>TCC; Ala>Ser) and one with homozygosity, one patient with heterozygous M694V (ATG>GTG; Met>Val), one with heterozygous K695R (AAG>AGG; Lys>Arg) and one with heterozygous M680I (ATG>ATC; Met>Ile), all in exon 10, and (b) four patients with homozygous R202Q mutation in exon 2 (one patient with homozygous A744S co-mutation in exon 10) and two patients with R202Q heterozygosity combined with heterozygosity of I720M and A744S of exons 10, respectively. None of the patients displayed any symptoms/signs of FMF or other systemic inflammatory disease. No statistically significant differences were identified between MEFV mutated and non-mutated CIN patients in the severity of neutropenia or in lymphocyte, monocyte, hemoglobin and platelet counts. A significant difference was identified between the two patient groups in serum IgG (1440±264 vs 1133±245 mg/dl; P = 0.0023, Mann-Whitney test) but not IgA or IgM levels. Discussion: This study reports for the first time that 20% of unselected, consecutive patients with CIN carry mutations of the MEFV gene without clinical manifestations of FMF. Whether these patients represent atypical cases of FMF or the identified MEFV genetic alterations have a pathogenetic/modifying effect in the inflammatory responses associated with CIN is an open/novel field of research. As a first step we are currently investigating the neutrophil autophagic status, IL-1β production and the neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation in CIN patients with mutations in MEFV to clarify their potential effect in the immune deregulation known to characterize CIN. Disclosures No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

Earth ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (4) ◽  
pp. 781-796
Vasilios Liordos ◽  
Vasileios J. Kontsiotis ◽  
Orestis Koutoulas ◽  
Aristarchos Parapouras

Bats populations and their habitats are currently threatened globally, but particular declines have been seen across Europe. The contingent valuation method is commonly used to assign an economic value to species conservation through a willingness to pay (WTP) surveys. We carried out face-to-face interviews of a representative to the Greek population sample (n = 1131) and used a multiple-bounded discrete choice approach to estimate WTP for bat conservation. More than half of the Greek population was supportive of bat conservation (54.6%). Mean WTP was estimated at €21.71, and the total amount that could be collected was €105.6 million, after considering the number of taxpayers and the proportion of supportive people. There was an interplay between emotions, with likeability being the most important positive predictor of support, and fear the most important negative predictor of WTP for bat conservation. Among sociodemographics, older participants, with higher education, farmers, and pet owners showed the highest support, while those with higher education, farmers, and consumptive recreationists offered the highest bid for bat conservation. Participants drew information about bats mostly from informal sources, such as friends, movies, novels, and comics. Our study allowed for the estimation of public support and necessary funds for bat conservation, which are valuable for successful conservation management. Findings will also be critical for the design and implementation of effective education and outreach programs, aimed at increasing knowledge about bats and ultimately support for bat conservation actions.

2021 ◽  
Vol 156 ◽  
pp. S68
Dimitra Voudouri ◽  
Vasiliki Nikolaou ◽  
Konstantinos Lallas ◽  
Evangelia Papadavid ◽  
Electra Nikolaidou ◽  

Dimitrios K. Manatakis ◽  
Nikolaos Tasis ◽  
Maria Ioanna Antonopoulou ◽  
Christos Agalianos ◽  
Maria Piagkou ◽  

Effrosini Dima ◽  
Ioanna Sigala ◽  
Aliki Minaritzoglou ◽  
Thanasis Kallimanis ◽  
Paraskevi Katsaounou ◽  

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