welding fume
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2021 ◽  
Vol 1208 (1) ◽  
pp. 012012
Author(s):  
Razija Begić

Abstract The quality of the welded joint, production and chemical composition of welding fume particles in the MMAW process, in addition to the welding parameters, mostly depend on the quality of the coated electrode. As part of the preliminary experimental research of the optimal technological composition of the electrode coating, from the aspect of minimizing welding fume, an experimental research of one class of electrodes, E 42 4 B 32 H5, EN 499/94, standard production program of three manufacturers of welding consumables. The test was performed to examine the influence of the manufacturer’s recipe on the production and chemical composition of welding fume particles.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1208 (1) ◽  
pp. 012014
Author(s):  
Razija Begić

Abstract Due to their good structural properties, stainless Cr-Ni steels have a very wide application in various branches of technology. During the welding of stainless Cr-Ni steels with high-alloy coated electrodes, welding fumes of complex chemical composition are generated, which is very harmful for welders and the environment. For the purposes of this experiment, two variants of one rutile Cr-Ni commercial electrode, designated E 23 12 2 LR 12, were designed and fabricated. Higher production of welding fume particles also means greater danger to humans and the environment. In order to show the influence of the base material on the production of welding fume particles, an experiment for measuring the production of welding fume particles was performed in which two different steels were used as the base material, general structural steel S235JRG2 and stainless steel X6CrNiTi18.10.


2021 ◽  
pp. 474-480
Author(s):  
Xin Wang ◽  
Bin Yang ◽  
Jianwu Chen ◽  
Pei Wang ◽  
Miao Zhang

2021 ◽  
pp. 237-243
Author(s):  
A. Neidel ◽  
V. Hartanto ◽  
S. Riesenbeck ◽  
T. Ullrich ◽  
E. Engert

Author(s):  
Sarah McCarrick ◽  
Valentin Romanovski ◽  
Zheng Wei ◽  
Elin M. Westin ◽  
Kjell-Arne Persson ◽  
...  

AbstractWelders are daily exposed to various levels of welding fumes containing several metals. This exposure can lead to an increased risk for different health effects which serves as a driving force to develop new methods that generate less toxic fumes. The aim of this study was to explore the role of released metals for welding particle-induced toxicity and to test the hypothesis that a reduction of Cr(VI) in welding fumes results in less toxicity by comparing the welding fume particles of optimized Cr(VI)-reduced flux-cored wires (FCWs) to standard FCWs. The welding particles were thoroughly characterized, and toxicity (cell viability, DNA damage and inflammation) was assessed following exposure to welding particles as well as their released metal fraction using cultured human bronchial epithelial cells (HBEC-3kt, 5–100 µg/mL) and human monocyte-derived macrophages (THP-1, 10–50 µg/mL). The results showed that all Cr was released as Cr(VI) for welding particles generated using standard FCWs whereas only minor levels (< 3% of total Cr) were released from the newly developed FCWs. Furthermore, the new FCWs were considerably less cytotoxic and did not cause any DNA damage in the doses tested. For the standard FCWs, the Cr(VI) released in cell media seemed to explain a large part of the cytotoxicity and DNA damage. In contrast, all particles caused rather similar inflammatory effects suggesting different underlying mechanisms. Taken together, this study suggests a potential benefit of substituting standard FCWs with Cr(VI)-reduced wires to achieve less toxic welding fumes and thus reduced risks for welders.


2021 ◽  
Vol 413 ◽  
pp. 125273
Author(s):  
Y.S. Hedberg ◽  
Z. Wei ◽  
S. McCarrick ◽  
V. Romanovski ◽  
J. Theodore ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
Vol 67 (169) ◽  
pp. 15-20
Author(s):  
B.S. OKEDIRAN ◽  
S.A. AMID ◽  
K.Y. SULEIMAN ◽  
O.A. MAKINDE ◽  
B.A. ALABA ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
Vol 153 ◽  
pp. 105721
Author(s):  
Ashley Newton ◽  
Berrin Serdar ◽  
Karin Adams ◽  
L. Miriam Dickinson ◽  
Kirsten Koehler

2021 ◽  
Vol 280 ◽  
pp. 09018
Author(s):  
Oleg Levchenko ◽  
Olga Bezushko ◽  
Taras Maidanchuk ◽  
Anna Lukianenko ◽  
Olga Goncharova ◽  
...  

The results of investigations of chemical composition and emission rates of the welding fume, generated during welding using electrodes for copper alloys, are presented with the aim of improvement of their sanitary and hygienic characteristics. It is shown that in order to create new grades of welding electrodes with improved hygienic characteristics, it is necessary to have the data of the initial sanitary and hygienic evaluation in accordance with international standards. It was established that the use of binder based on pure lithium liquid glass in the coating of electrodes for welding copper alloys, increases the rate of welding fume emission into the air, as well as the content of manganese and copper oxides in it. The minimum rates of harmful emissions were recorded during the use of sodium-potassium binder, which is recommended for mass production of this type of electrodes.


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