fast electron
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Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 571
Xintian Cai ◽  
Zhen Wang ◽  
Chaoyue Ji ◽  
Xuan Wang ◽  
Zhiyin Gan ◽  

Ultrafast detection is an effective method to reveal the transient evolution mechanism of materials. Compared with ultra-fast X-ray diffraction (XRD), the ultra-fast electron beam is increasingly adopted because the larger scattering cross-section is less harmful to the sample. The keV single-shot ultra-fast electron imaging system has been widely used with its compact structure and easy integration. To achieve both the single pulse imaging and the ultra-high temporal resolution, magnetic lenses are typically used for transverse focus to increase signal strength, while radio frequency (RF) cavities are generally utilized for longitudinal compression to improve temporal resolution. However, the detection signal is relatively weak due to the Coulomb force between electrons. Moreover, the effect of RF compression on the transverse focus is usually ignored. We established a particle tracking model to simulate the electron pulse propagation based on the 1-D fluid equation and the 2-D mean-field equation. Under considering the relativity effect and Coulomb force, the impact of RF compression on the transverse focus was studied by solving the fifth-order Rung–Kutta equation. The results show that the RF cavity is not only a key component of longitudinal compression but also affects the transverse focusing. While the effect of transverse focus on longitudinal duration is negligible. By adjusting the position and compression strength of the RF cavity, the beam spot radius can be reduced from 100 μm to 30 μm under the simulation conditions in this paper. When the number of single pulse electrons remains constant, the electrons density incident on the sample could be increased from 3.18×1012 m−2 to 3.54×1013 m−2, which is 11 times the original. The larger the electron density incident on the sample, the greater the signal intensity, which is more conducive to detecting the transient evolution of the material.

Amine Herbadji ◽  
Imene Kada ◽  
Abdelaziz Mansouri ◽  
C Dal Cappello

Abstract A model describing the two electrons ejected by distorted waves is applied to the study of the double ionization of argon by fast electrons (~ 5500 eV). The correlation is also partially taken into account both in the final state and in the initial state. The results obtained by our model as well as by other models also based on the first Born approximation are compared with the available experimental data.

2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (10) ◽  
pp. 102701
Y. Cao ◽  
X. H. Yang ◽  
T. P. Yu ◽  
Y. Y. Ma ◽  
M. Y. Yu ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (S1) ◽  
pp. 2116-2118
Daniel Arenas Esteban ◽  
Hans Vanrompay ◽  
Alexander Skorikov ◽  
Armand Béché ◽  
Johan Verbeeck ◽  

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