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2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (3) ◽  
pp. 878-880
David M Gullotti ◽  
Evan J Lipson ◽  
Elliot K Fishman ◽  
Steven P Rowe

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 245-247
Farah Ahsan ◽  
Naeem Qureshi ◽  
Sumera Samreen ◽  
Sonali Kukreti

We aimed to provide correlation of Fasting & PP C-peptide with HbA1C in patients of T2 Diabetes Mellitus.: 50 patients admitted in IPD of Medicine department in Shri Mahant Indresh Hospital from April-August 2021. Serum samples taken for fasting & PP C-peptide and HbA1C for patients of T2 Diabetes Mellitus and run on VITROS 5600/7600 which is based on dry chemistry. : We took 50 patients who were T2DM then we did fasting C peptide & PP C-peptide and HbA1c. Out of 50, 15 were females &35 were males. Out of 50, 45 patients had raised HbA1C maximum around 8-10.Mean & SD for fasting C-Peptide for males was 1.346±1.070 & for females 2.442±2.57.Mean & SD for Post prandiol C-Peptide for males was 4.208±5.020 & for females 2.993±2.130.It was significant for fasting C- Peptide with P value 0.0371 and non significant for PP C peptide with p value 0.3731.: Insulin secretion estimated by measurement of Fasting C-Peptide was either normal or raised in newly diagnosed T2DM subjects in my study indicating predominant role of insulin resistence in the etiology. Further research can explore the exact contribution of insulin resistence and insulin secretory defects in this area.

2022 ◽  
Nissim Ohana ◽  
Itzhak Engel ◽  
Yuval Baruch ◽  
Benharroch Daniel ◽  
Sheinis Dimitri

Abstract Purpose To assess the rate of visits to the emergency department of our medical center concerning low back or neck pain as a factor of COVID-19 confinement. Methods The study period was a 30-week interval during the COVID-19 pandemic contrasted by a similar stretch in the year preceding the epidemic. Visits to the emergency department prompted by low back or neck pain were recorded prior to and during lockdowns of the pandemic. The significance of the confinements for the development of pain syndromes was evaluated. Results A total of 1530 patients with newly diagnosed back or neck pain were enrolled. Most patients visited our emergency department for low back pain, commonly those older than 60 years. No significant gender variance was disclosed, although most visits of females were for low back pain. Low back pain presentations were curbed following confinement, but the rate of stays for neck pain swelled by more than 10%. Despite back pain predominance, visits for neck pain persisted. Before COVID-19, the average weekly number of emergency department visits was 38.5. This was followed by sharp drops during the COVID-19 lockdown (mean difference=-22.2, 95% CI=-28.7, -15.7, p<0.001) (not significant). Conclusions COVID-19 lockdowns have a significant impact on emergency department presentations due to back and neck pain. A higher rate of presentation for back pain compared to neck pain is probably related to COVID-19, without being affected directly by SARS-CoV-2: confinement-induced immobility might instigate musculoskeletal sequelae, which may be attributed to stress or other psychosocial afflictions.

Kensuke Fukumitsu ◽  
Hirono Nishiyama ◽  
Yoshihiro Kanemitsu ◽  
Norihisa Takeda ◽  
Ryota Kurokawa ◽  

<b><i>Introduction:</i></b> Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are fundamental agents to subside airway inflammation and improve forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV<sub>1</sub>) among asthmatics. Alveolar concentrations of nitric oxide (CANO), as well as the classical fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO50), are associated with the pathophysiology of asthma. However, the association between pretreatment CANO levels and response to anti-asthma treatments, including ICS, remains unknown. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> We retrospectively analyzed 107 patients newly diagnosed with asthma. ICS in combination with long-acting β<sub>2</sub>-agonists (ICS/LABA) was initiated. FEV<sub>1</sub> and FeNO levels were evaluated at diagnosis and were followed up at 6 and 12 months after the treatment intervention. CANO levels were estimated using various expiratory flows of FeNO measurements. Factors associated with annual changes in FEV<sub>1</sub> (ΔFEV<sub>1</sub>) were analyzed. Patients with a ΔFEV<sub>1</sub> &#x3c;–20 mL were defined as “poor-responders.” <b><i>Results:</i></b> FEV<sub>1</sub>, FeNO50, and CANO levels significantly improved by anti-asthma treatments. The average ΔFEV<sub>1</sub> was 85 (176) mL. Eighty-two patients continuously took ICS/LABA treatment. Higher pretreatment CANO levels and continuous use of LABA were independent predictive factors for the improvement of FEV<sub>1</sub> on multivariate analysis. The decline in FeNO50 and CANO levels by the anti-asthma treatments was significantly greater in 81 responders than in 26 poor-responders. CANO, but not FeNO50, levels at 12 months were significantly higher in poor-responders than in responders (<i>p</i> = 0.009). <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> Levels of CANO, but not FeNO50, predict changes in pulmonary function in ICS-naïve asthmatics. Meanwhile, persistently high levels of CANO may be related to poor responsiveness to treatments assessed by ΔFEV<sub>1</sub>.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Ju-Yi Hsu ◽  
Chee-Jen Chang ◽  
Jur-Shan Cheng

AbstractIndividuals diagnosed with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC) suffer worse survival rates than their metastatic non-TNBC counterparts. There is little information on survival, treatment patterns, and medical costs of mTNBC patients in Asia. Therefore, this study aimed to examine 5-year survival, regimens of first-line systemic therapy, and healthcare costs of mTNBC patients in Taiwan. Adult females newly diagnosed with TNBC and non-TNBC as well as their survival data, treatment regimens and costs of health services were identified and retrieved from the Cancer Registry database, Death Registry database, and National Health Insurance (NHI) claims database. A total of 9691 (19.27%) women were identified as TNBC among overall BC. The 5-year overall survival rate of TNBC and non-TNBC was 81.28% and 86.50%, respectively, and that of mTNBC and metastatic non-TNBC was 10.81% and 33.46%, respectively. The majority of mTNBC patients received combination therapy as their first-line treatment (78.14%). The 5-year total cost in patients with metastatic non-TNBC and with mTNBC was NTD1,808,693 and NTD803,445, respectively. Higher CCI scores were associated with an increased risk of death and lower probability of receiving combination chemotherapy. Older age was associated with lower 5-year medical costs. In sum, mTNBC patients suffered from poorer survival and incurred lower medical costs than their metastatic non-TNBC counterparts. Future research will be needed when there are more treatment options available for mTNBC patients.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 417
Keisuke Natsume ◽  
Harutoshi Sakakima ◽  
Kentaro Kawamura ◽  
Akira Yoshida ◽  
Shintaro Akihiro ◽  

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive brain tumor. To identify the factors influencing the improvement of the activities of daily living (ADL) in newly diagnosed patients with GBM, we investigated the characteristics and variable factors and overall survival. A total of 105 patients with GBM were retrospectively analyzed and categorized into the following three groups according to the quartile of change of their Barthel index score from admission to discharge: deterioration (n = 25), no remarkable change (n = 55), and good recovery (n = 25). A statistical difference was observed in the pre-operative, intra-operative, post-operative, and rehabilitation-related factors between the deterioration and good recovery groups. Multiple regression analysis identified the following significant factors that may influence the improvement of ADL after surgery: the improvement of motor paralysis after surgery, mild fatigue during radio and chemotherapy, and length up to early walking training onset. The median overall survival was significantly different between the deterioration (10.6 months) and good recovery groups (18.9 months, p = 0.025). Our findings identified several factors that may be associated with post-operative functional improvement in patients with GBM. The inpatient rehabilitation during radio and chemotherapy may be encouraged without severe adverse events and can promote functional outcomes, which may contribute to the overall survival of newly diagnosed patients with GBM.

2022 ◽  
pp. cebp.1095.2021
Kejia Hu ◽  
Karin E Smedby ◽  
Arvid Sjölander ◽  
Scott Montgomery ◽  
Unnur Valdimarsdóttir ◽  

Marco Basset ◽  
Paolo Milani ◽  
Virginia Valeria Ferretti ◽  
Mario Nuvolone ◽  
Andrea Foli ◽  

Abstract Objectives Quantification of 24 h-proteinuria is the gold standard for diagnosing, staging, and monitoring of patients with renal AL amyloidosis. However, 24 h-urine collection is cumbersome and may result in preanalytical error. In this prospective study, we investigated the role of urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) (cut-off: 300 mg/g) identifying renal involvement, evaluated a UACR-based staging system (UACR cut-off: 3,600 mg/g) and assessed whether UACR response (UACR decrease >30% without worsening in eGFR >25%) predicts renal outcome in 531 patients with newly-diagnosed AL amyloidosis. Methods From October 2013 paired 24 h-proteinuria and UACR (on first morning void) were measured in all newly-diagnosed patients with AL amyloidosis. Correlation between 24 h-proteinuria and UACR at baseline was assessed by Pearson’s r test. Impact of UACR response on renal outcome was assessed in randomly created testing (n=354) and validation (n=177) cohorts. Results A strong linear correlation was found between 24 h-proteinuria and UACR at baseline (r=0.90; p<0.001). After a median follow-up of 31 months, 57 (11%) patients required dialysis. A UACR-based renal staging system identified three stages with significantly higher dialysis rate at 36 months comparing stage I with stage II and stage II with stage III. Achieving a renal response, according to a UACR-based criterion, resulted in lower dialysis rate in both testing and validation cohorts. Conclusions UACR is a reliable marker for diagnosis, prognosis, and organ response assessment in renal AL amyloidosis and can reliably replace 24 h-proteinuria in clinical trials and individual patients’ management.

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