topological insulator
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2022 ◽  
Vol 105 (3) ◽  
Liesbeth Mulder ◽  
Carolien Castenmiller ◽  
Femke J. Witmans ◽  
Steef Smit ◽  
Mark S. Golden ◽  

ACS Nano ◽  
2022 ◽  
Yuchen Ji ◽  
Zheng Liu ◽  
Peng Zhang ◽  
Lun Li ◽  
Shifei Qi ◽  

Eduardo Carrillo-Aravena ◽  
Kati Finzel ◽  
Rajyavardhan Ray ◽  
Manuel Richter ◽  
Tristan Heider ◽  

2022 ◽  
Michael Sabatini Mattei ◽  
Boyuan Liu ◽  
Gerardo A. Mazzei Capote ◽  
Zijie Liu ◽  
Brandon G. Hacha ◽  

Photonic topological insulators have emerged as an exciting new platform for backscatter-free waveguiding even in the presence of defects, with applications in robust long-range energy and quantum information transfer, spectroscopy and sensing, chiral quantum optics, and optoelectronics. We demonstrate a design for spin-Hall photonic topological insulators with remarkably low refractive index contrast, enabling the synthesis of photonic topological waveguides from polymeric materials for the first time. Our design is compatible with additive manufacturing methods, including fused filament fabrication for microwave frequencies, and constitutes the first demonstration of a 3D printed all-dielectric photonic topological insulator. We combine rapid device fabrication through 3D printing with high-speed FDTD simulation to quantify topological protection of transmission through “omega” shaped bent topological waveguides and find that one corner in the waveguide is 3-5 times more robust to disorder than the other. This dichotomy, a new empirical design rule for ℤ2 topological insulator devices, is shown to originate in the fundamental system symmetries and is illustrated via the distributions of Poynting vectors that describe energy flow through the waveguide. Taken together, our demonstration of 3D printed polymeric spin-Hall photonic topological insulators paired with quantification of robustness to disorder at bent topological interfaces provides a rapid, flexible scheme for engineering high-performance topological photonic devices across multiple frequency regimes from microwave to THz, to visible.

Laura C. Folkers ◽  
Laura Teresa Corredor ◽  
Fabian Lukas ◽  
Manaswini Sahoo ◽  
Anja U. B. Wolter ◽  

Abstract MnSb2Te4 is a candidate magnetic topological insulator exhibiting more pronounced cation intermixing than its predecessor MnBi2Te4. Investigating the cation intermixing and its possible implications on the magnetic order in MnSb2Te4 are currently hot topics in research on quantum materials for spintronics and energy-saving applications. Two single-crystal X-ray diffraction measurements of Mn1−x Sb2+x Te4 (x = 0.06 and x = −0.1) are presented alongside a detailed discussion of its crystal structure with a spotlight on the apparent occupancy disorder between the two cations. This disorder has been noted by other groups as well, yet never been analyzed in-depth with single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The latter is the tool of choice to receive a meaningful quantification of antisite disorder. Between the two synthesis procedures we find subtle differences in phases and/or alternation of the cation content which has implications on the magnetic order, as illustrated by bulk magnetometry. Understanding and assessing this disorder in magnetic topological insulators of the MnX2Te4 (X = Bi, Sb) type is crucial to gauge their applicability for modern spintronics. Furthermore, it opens new ways to tune the “chemical composition – physical property” relationship in these compounds, creating an alluring aspect also for fundamental science.

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