AbstractThe fast dynamics and reversibility of posttranslational modifications by the ubiquitin family pose significant challenges for research. Here we present SUMO-ID, a technology that merges proximity biotinylation by TurboID and protein-fragment complementation to find SUMO-dependent interactors of proteins of interest. We develop an optimized split-TurboID version and show SUMO interaction-dependent labelling of proteins proximal to PML and RANGAP1. SUMO-dependent interactors of PML are involved in transcription, DNA damage, stress response and SUMO modification and are highly enriched in SUMO Interacting Motifs, but may only represent a subset of the total PML proximal proteome. Likewise, SUMO-ID also allow us to identify interactors of SUMOylated SALL1, a less characterized SUMO substrate. Furthermore, using TP53 as a substrate, we identify SUMO1, SUMO2 and Ubiquitin preferential interactors. Thus, SUMO-ID is a powerful tool that allows to study the consequences of SUMO-dependent interactions, and may further unravel the complexity of the ubiquitin code.
AbstractWhile transcriptome- and proteome-wide technologies to assess processes in protein biogenesis are now widely available, we still lack global approaches to assay post-ribosomal biogenesis events, in particular those occurring in the eukaryotic secretory system. We here develop a method, SECRiFY, to simultaneously assess the secretability of >105 protein fragments by two yeast species, S. cerevisiae and P. pastoris, using custom fragment libraries, surface display and a sequencing-based readout. Screening human proteome fragments with a median size of 50–100 amino acids, we generate datasets that enable datamining into protein features underlying secretability, revealing a striking role for intrinsic disorder and chain flexibility. The SECRiFY methodology generates sufficient amounts of annotated data for advanced machine learning methods to deduce secretability patterns. The finding that secretability is indeed a learnable feature of protein sequences provides a solid base for application-focused studies.
BACKGROUND: Rotaviruses are the main cause of acute gastroenteritis in children in both developed and developing countries. Vaccination is the only way to prevent severe and fatal course of this disease. Live attenuated viruses-based vaccines currently available can have a number of side effects. A candidate rotavirus vaccine reported is based on a hybrid recombinant protein FliCVP6VP8, which includes a VP6 protein fragment, a rotavirus A VP8 protein fragment, and S. typhimurium FliC flagellin components.
AIM: The aim was to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of а preparation Rotavirus vaccine, recombinant in preclinical studies.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The immunogenicity of vaccine (blood antibody titers, antigen-specific proliferative response of spleen cells) was evaluated in BALB/c mice. The acute and subchronic toxicity, the possible irritating effect, pyrogenicity and the anaphylactic effect and delayed type hypersensitivity were evaluated in laboratory mice, rats, Guinea pigs, and rabbits.
RESULTS: Double immunization of mice with the candidate vaccine demonstrated a significant increase in antibody titers in mouse sera compared to that in control mice. Evaluation of antigen-specific proliferative response after double immunization with a candidate vaccine demonstrated a significant increase in the values of stimulated proliferation. Evaluation of safety through acute and chronic toxicity studies demonstrated no toxicity. The immunostimulatory effect of vaccine was demonstrated when evaluating the number of antibody-producing cells with sheep red blood cells as antigens. The number of white blood cells was demonstrated to increase after the prolonged vaccine administration.
CONCLUSIONS: The preclinical studies have demonstrated safety of the candidate rotavirus vaccine and its capability to produce the immune response.