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Electronics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 40
Nabila Sehito ◽  
Shouyi Yang ◽  
Esraa Mousa Ali ◽  
Muhammad Abbas Khan ◽  
Raja Sohail Ahmed Larik ◽  

In this article, we investigated the secrecy performance of a three-hop relay network system with Power Splitting (PS) and Energy Harvesting (EH). In the presence of one eavesdropper, a signal is transferred from source to destination with the help of a relay. The source signal transmits in full-duplex (FD) mood, jamming the relay transfer signals to the destination. The relay and source employ Time Switching (TS) and Energy Harvesting (EH) techniques to obtain the power from the power beacon. In this study, we compared the Secrecy Rate of two Cooperative Schemes, Amplify and Forward (AF) and Decode and Forward (DF), for both designed systems with the established EH and PS system. The Secrecy Rate was improved by 50.5% in the AF scheme and by 44.2% in the DF scheme between the relay and eavesdropper at 40 m apart for the proposed system in EH and PS. This simulation was performed using the Monto Carlo method in MATLAB.

2021 ◽  
Anand Jee ◽  
Shankar Prakriya

This paper investigates the performance of a framework for low-outage downlink non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) signalling using a coordinated direct and relay transmission (CDRT) scheme with direct links to both the near-user (NU) and the far-user (FU). Both amplify-and-forward (AF) and decode-and-forward (DF) relaying are considered. In this framework, NU and FU combine the signals from BS and R to attain good outage performance and harness a diversity of two without any need for feedback. For the NU, this serves as an incentive to participate in NOMA signalling. For both NU and FU, expressions for outage probability and throughput are derived in closed form. High-SNR approximations to the outage probability are also presented. We demonstrate that the choice of power allocation coefficient and target rate is crucial to maximize the NU performance while ensuring a desired FU performance. We demonstrate performance gain of the proposed scheme over selective decode-and-forward (SDF) CDRT-NOMA in terms of three metrics: outage probability, sum throughput and energy efficiency. Further, we demonstrate that by choosing the target rate intelligently, the proposed CDRT NOMA scheme ensures higher energy efficiency (EE) in comparison to its orthogonal multiple access counterpart. Monte Carlo simulations validate the derived expressions.

Thanh-Luan Nguyen ◽  
Duy-Hung Ha ◽  
Phu Tran Tin ◽  
Hien Dinh Cong

This paper studies a cooperative relay network that comprises an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) enabling amplify-and-forward (AF) and power splitting (PS) based energy harvesting. The considered system can be constructed in various environments such as suburban, urban, dense urban, and high-rise urban where the air-to-ground channels are model by a mixture of Rayleigh and Nakagami-m fading. Then, outage probability and ergodic capacity are provided under different environment-based parameters. Optimal PS ratios are also provided under normal and high transmit power regimes. Finally, the accuracy of the analytical results is validated through Monte Carlo methods.

2021 ◽  
Wided Hadj Alouane

Abstract In this paper, we investigate physical layer security of multi-relay non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) networks with partial relay selection considering decode-and-forward (DF) and amplify-and-forward (AF) protocols. We propose a partial relay scheme aiming to select the best relay based on the highest signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) of the first link. We derive new exact and asymptotic expressions for strictly positive secrecy capacity (SPSC) and secrecy outage probability (SOP) considering Rayleigh fading channels. Numerical results demonstrate that AF and DF provide almost a similar secrecy performance. Moreover, they prove that partial relay selection improves SPSC and reduces SOP when the relay-cluster is closer to the legitimate receiver.

2021 ◽  
Khadiga Farage Eltira ◽  
Nareeman Alawamy ◽  
Salma Elkawafi ◽  
Abdelhamid Younis ◽  
Raed Mesleh

Hoang Thien Van ◽  
Hoang-Phuong Van ◽  
Danh Hong Le ◽  
Ma Quoc Phu ◽  
Hoang-Sy Nguyen

Employing simultaneous information and power transfer (SWIPT) technology in cooperative relaying networks has drawn considerable attention from the research community. We can find several studies that focus on Rayleigh and Nakagami-m fading channels, which are used to model outdoor scenarios. Differing itself from several existing studies, this study is conducted in the context of indoor scenario modelled by log-normal fading channels. Specifically, we investigate a so-called hybrid time switching relaying (TSR)-power splitting relaying (PSR) protocol in an energy-constrained cooperative amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying network. We evaluate the system performance with outage probability (OP) by analytically expressing and simulating it with Monte Carlo method. The impact of power-splitting (PS), time-switching (TS) and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) on the OP was as well investigated. Subsequently, the system performance of TSR, PSR and hybrid TSR-PSR schemes were compared. The simulation results are relatively accurate because they align well with the theory.

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