power allocation
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2021 ◽  
Maroua Shili ◽  
Moufida Hajjaj ◽  
Mohamed Lassaad Ammari

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 270
Mari Carmen Domingo

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)-assisted cellular networks over the millimeter-wave (mmWave) frequency band can meet the requirements of a high data rate and flexible coverage in next-generation communication networks. However, higher propagation loss and the use of a large number of antennas in mmWave networks give rise to high energy consumption and UAVs are constrained by their low-capacity onboard battery. Energy harvesting (EH) is a viable solution to reduce the energy cost of UAV-enabled mmWave networks. However, the random nature of renewable energy makes it challenging to maintain robust connectivity in UAV-assisted terrestrial cellular networks. Energy cooperation allows UAVs to send their excessive energy to other UAVs with reduced energy. In this paper, we propose a power allocation algorithm based on energy harvesting and energy cooperation to maximize the throughput of a UAV-assisted mmWave cellular network. Since there is channel-state uncertainty and the amount of harvested energy can be treated as a stochastic process, we propose an optimal multi-agent deep reinforcement learning algorithm (DRL) named Multi-Agent Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient (MADDPG) to solve the renewable energy resource allocation problem for throughput maximization. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the Random Power (RP), Maximal Power (MP) and value-based Deep Q-Learning (DQL) algorithms in terms of network throughput.

2021 ◽  
Xue Jianbin ◽  
Li Junpeng ◽  
Hu Qingchun

Abstract In this paper, in order to improve the performance of 5G wireless communication system and save power consumption to achieve the optimal power distribution and maximize the total user rate in a multi-user cluster of non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) system downlink. a SWIPT-NOMA system assisted by dynamic unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) relay is constructed. The UAV relay dynamic programming under two-hop communication was firstly studied, and the global optimal power allocation strategy for downlink users of SWIPT-NOMA system is found. Finally, the optimal relay selection algorithm was used to maximize the total user rate, which was verified by Monto Carlo simulation. The simulation results show that the performance of the proposed system model is better than that of the traditional FDMA system scheme in terms of outage probability, energy consumption and total user rate under different distribution scenarios for the multi-user cluster deployed with dynamic UAV relay system.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 6
Yudan Pang ◽  
Xuefeng Wang ◽  
Hang Wu ◽  
Fanfan Zhang

This study examines experimental evidence showing how ethics power allocation mechanisms affect an individual’s in-organization resource division and ethical behavior. We used two two-stage lab experiments to explore power seeking and usage; the experiments contained two stages of power contending and power usage. Stage one used two different power-seeking mechanisms in the honesty game. Stage two was based on the dictator game and the ultimatum game to measure an individual’s power usage. The results show that the decisions taken by power-holders could influence the optimization of collective resources, and power-holders who gain power with unethical methods could result in collective resource allocation inequities. With more balanced in-organization power, members tend to be more honest. Subjects also adjust their unethical behavior to adapt to the environment, which could cause the diffusion of unethical behavior. This paper re-designed the dictator game and the ultimatum game by adding an ethically vulnerable power acquisition mechanism. For organizations to prevent the disproportionate dispersion of resources and achieve more public benefits, it is meaningful for managers to create a proper in-organization ethical power allocation mechanism.

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