Abstract: In MIMO millimeter-wave (mmWave) systems, while the hybrid digital/analog precoding structure provides the ability to increase the reach rate, it also faces the challenge of reducing the channel time limit due to the large number of horns on both sides of the Tx / Rx. . In this paper, channel measurement is done by searching with multiple beams, and a new hierarchical multi-beam search system is proposed, using a pre-designed analog codebook. Performance tests show that, compared to a highperformance system, the proposed system not only achieves a high level of success in getting multiple beams under normal system settings but also significantly reduces channel estimation time Keywords: Massive MIMO, Channel Estimation, precoding
Abstract: A combination of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems and orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) technologies can be employed in modern wireless communication systems to achieve high data rates and improved spectrum efficiency. For multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems, this paper provides a Rayleigh fading channel estimation technique based on pilot carriers. The channel is estimated using traditional Least Square (LS) and Minimum Mean Square (MMSE) estimation techniques. The MIMO-OFDM system's performance is measured using the Bit Error Rate (BER) and Mean Square Error (MSE) levels. Keywords: MIMO, MMSE, Channel estimation, BER, OFDM
Some more practical channels that model the networks in a real environment is the multi-path communication channels. In order to investigate these communications channels. This work addressed Channel Estimation (CE) in the Uplink (UL) phase for a multi-cell multi-user massive multipleinput multiple-output (M-MIMO) system that studies multi-path communication between each user and its serving Base Station (BS). We suppose that the network operates under Time-Division Duplex (TDD) protocol. We studied and analyzed the multi-path channels and their benefit over CE since it presents a more realistic channel that displays a real propagation circumstance. on the flip side, we evaluated the CE quality using ideal MinimumMean Square Error (MMSE). This latter relies on an impractical property that can be explicated since the MMSE estimator considers foreknowledge on Large-Scale Fading (LSF) coefficients of interfering users. Thus, the suggested estimator is introduced to overcome this issue, where the suggested estimator tackled this problem and presented result asymptotic approaches to the performance of the MMSE estimator. Besides, we considered a more real communication in which the multi-path channels are either realized using Non-Line-of-Sight (NLoS) only or using both Line-of-Sight (LoS) and NLoS path depending on the distance at which the user is located from his serving BS. Otherwise, in numerous scenarios, users at the cell edge are strongly affected by Pilot Contamination (PC). Hence, we introduced a Power Control (PoC) policy so that the users at the cell edge are less affected by the PC problem. In the simulation results segment, the analytic and simulated results are introduced to assert our theoretical study.
This paper brings forward a Deep Learning (DL)-based Chaos Shift Keying (DLCSK) demodulation scheme to promote the capabilities of existing chaos-based wireless communication systems. In coherent Chaos Shift Keying (CSK) schemes, we need synchronization of chaotic sequences, which is still practically impossible in a disturbing environment. Moreover, the conventional Differential Chaos Shift Keying (DCSK) scheme has a drawback, that for each bit, half of the bit duration is spent sending non-information bearing reference samples. To deal with this drawback, a Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM)-based receiver is trained offline, using chaotic maps through a finite number of channel realizations, and then used for classifying online modulated signals. We presented that the proposed receiver can learn different chaotic maps and estimate channels implicitly, and then retrieves the transmitted messages without any need for chaos synchronization or reference signal transmissions. Simulation results for both the AWGN and Rayleigh fading channels show a remarkable BER performance improvement compared to the conventional DCSK scheme. The proposed DLCSK system will provide opportunities for a new class of receivers by leveraging the advantages of DL, such as effective serial and parallel connectivity. A Single Input Multiple Output (SIMO) architecture of the DLCSK receiver with excellent reliability is introduced to show its capabilities. The SIMO DLCSK benefits from a DL-based channel estimation approach, which makes this architecture simpler and more efficient for applications where channel estimation is problematic, such as massive MIMO, mmWave, and cloud-based communication systems.