congo red
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2022 ◽  
Vol 124 ◽  
pp. 111982
Helmiyati Helmiyati ◽  
Nurani Fitriana ◽  
Metha Listia Chaerani ◽  
Fitriyah Wulan Dini

Fibers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 7
Saadia Lahreche ◽  
Imane Moulefera ◽  
Abdelkader El El Kebir ◽  
Lilia Sabantina ◽  
M’hamed Kaid ◽  

The present work was aimed to evaluate the adsorption properties of activated carbons based on prickly pear seeds (PPS) and conductive polymer matrix based on polyaniline (PANI) for the removal of anionic Congo red (CR) dye from aqueous solutions. The adsorbent was prepared by polymerization of aniline in the presence of activated PPS by phosphoric acid and sodium hydroxide. The samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) methods. The adsorption kinetics were studied using UV-visible (UV/Vis) spectroscopy. The characterization data suggest that the adsorption of the Congo red dye is enhanced because PANI chain molecules, which are especially accountable for removal through π—π interaction and H-bonding with the CR, are adsorbed/tethered onto the acid-activated PPS (PPSH), and thus surmount the mass transfer limitation by being best exposed to the CR-adsorbed molecule. The adsorption kinetics follows the pseudo-second order process. The correlation coefficients (R2) for Langmuir, Freundlich and Tempkin showed that the adsorption values obey Freundlich and Tempkin isotherm models. Moreover, the isotherm was most accurately described by the Freundlich model, and the maximum removal percentage was calculated to be 91.14% under optimized conditions of pH 6.6, 1 g/L of adsorbent dosage, and an initial CR dye concentration of 20 mg·L−1. Importantly, the hybrid adsorbent exhibited the highest adsorption capacity (80.15%) after five cycles of the adsorption–desorption process. Thermodynamic parameters, such as entropy changes, enthalpy changes and Gibbs free energy, were also evaluated. These results indicated that the PANI matrix can generally be better utilized for the removal of Congo red dye when appropriately dispersed on the surface of suitable support materials. These results provide a new direction to promote the separable adsorbents with increasing performance for adsorption of dye impurities from wastewater.

Polymers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 271
Nouf F. Al-Harby ◽  
Ebtehal F. Albahly ◽  
Nadia A. Mohamed

Novel Uracil-modified chitosan (UCs) adsorbent has successfully been synthesized through a four-step method during which the amino groups of chitosan have been protected, then epoxy nuclei have been incorporated, afterwards the latter have been opened using 6-amino-1,3-dimethyl uracil, and finally the amino groups have been regained via removing the protection. Its structure was checked using FTIR, XRD and SEM techniques. The adsorption capacity of UCs for anionic Congo Red (CR) dye was studied under various conditions. It decreased significantly with increasing the solution pH value and dye concentration, while increased with increasing temperature. The adsorption of UCs for CR dye at different temperatures, solution pH and dye concentrations fitted to the kinetic model of pseudo-second order and Elovich model. The intraparticle diffusion model showed that the adsorption process involves multi-step process. The isotherm of CR dye adsorption by UCs conforms to the Langmuir isotherm model indicating the monolayer nature of adsorption. The maximum monolayer coverage capacity, qmax, was 434.78 mg g−1. Studying the thermodynamic showed that the adsorption of CR dye onto UCs was endothermic as illustrated from the positive value of enthalpy (21.37 kJ mol−1). According to the values of ΔG°, the adsorption process was spontaneous at all selected temperatures. The value of ΔS° showed an increase in randomness for the adsorption of CR dye by UCs. The value of activation energy was 18.40 kJ mol−1.

hui xu ◽  
Yuanhai Bao ◽  
Shasha Zuo ◽  
Pengdong Chen ◽  
Yuanqiang Zhu ◽  

Abstract Biomass porous carbon has received widespread attention due to its application as electrode material for supercapacitors and adsorbent for difficult-to-degrade organic dyes. In this paper, biomass porous carbon KGL is prepared using ginkgo leaves as the precursor and KOH as the activator. Capitalizing on the adsorption property of porous carbon, an azo dye Congo red (CR) is confined into the nanopores of KGL to fabricate the KGL/CR electrode. The result suggests that KGL has good adsorption performance for organic dye and KGL/CR has excellent capacitance performance. When the CR concentration is 500 mg L-1, the adsorption capacity of KGL is 495 mg g-1. KGL/CR-500 displays elevated specific capacitance of 393 F g-1 at 1 A g-1 and excellent rate performance (76.3% capacitance retention at 10 A g-1). The capacitance retention after 10000 cycles maintains 99%. The symmetric supercapacitor has power density of 699.8 W kg-1 at an energy density of 16.4 Wh kg-1 and can power a light emitting diodes (LED). Our work provides the information that one is the treatment of organic dye wastewater, the other is development of electrochemical energy-storage materials, and may be expanded to the resource-utilization of other versatile effluent containing the redox groups.

2022 ◽  
Vol 26 (1) ◽  
pp. 27-35
Nabea M. Mahdi ◽  
Ahmed H. Ali ◽  

: In this work, Single chamber Microbial fuel cells (SCMFCs) are a versatile technology is depends on the interaction mechanisms of bacteria, to produce bioelectricity simultaneously and treat Congo red (CR) dye from aqueous solution at different pH (6.5-8). Electricity generation from the biodegradable organic substrate (sucrose) accompanied by decolorization of azo dye was investigated in the batch test results showed that more than 99% decolorization demonstrated at UV-Visible Spectrophotometer (500 nm) was achieved within 20 days and maximum output voltage (889 mv) had been obtained in an open circuit at a pH value of 7.5. Microbial community analysis showed that species in live sludge and the impact of bacteria grown on removal and voltage.

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