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Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 487
Author(s):  
Jolanta Polak ◽  
Marcin Grąz ◽  
Kamila Wlizło ◽  
Katarzyna Szałapata ◽  
Justyna Kapral-Piotrowska ◽  
...  

Fungal laccase obtained from a Cerrena unicolor strain was used as an effective biocatalyst for the transformation of 8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid into a green-coloured antibacterial compound, which can be considered as both an antimicrobial agent and a textile dye, simultaneously. The process of biosynthesis was performed in buffered solutions containing methanol as a co-solvent, allowing better solubilisation of substrate. The transformation process was optimised in terms of the buffer pH value, laccase activity, and concentrations of the substrate and co-solvent. The crude product obtained exhibited low cytotoxicity, antibacterial properties against Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, and antioxidant properties. Moreover, the synthesised green-coloured compound proved non-allergenic and demonstrated a high efficiency of dyeing wool fibres.


Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 235
Author(s):  
Fatma Mohamed ◽  
Safwat Hassaballa ◽  
Mohamed Shaban ◽  
Ashour M. Ahmed

In this paper, Fe2O3 and Fe2O3-zeolite nanopowders are prepared by chemical precipitation utilizing the rusted iron waste and natural zeolite. In addition to the nanomorphologies; the chemical composition, structural parameters, and optical properties are examined using many techniques. The Fe2O3-zeolite photocatalyst showed smaller sizes and higher light absorption in visible light than Fe2O3. Both Fe2O3 and Fe2O3-zeolite are used as photocatalysts for methylene blue (MB) photodegradation under solar light. The effects of the contact time, starting MB concentration, Fe2O3-zeolite dose, and pH value on photocatalytic performance are investigated. The full photocatalytic degradation of MB dye (10 mg/L) is achieved using 75 mg of Fe2O3-zeolite under visible light after 30 s, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the highest performance yet for Fe2O3-based photocatalysts. This photocatalyst has also shown remarkable stability and recyclability. The kinetics and mechanisms of the photocatalytic process are studied. Therefore, the current work can be applied industrially as a cost-effective method for eliminating the harmful MB dye from wastewater and recycling the rusted iron wires.


2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 16
Author(s):  
Huan Zhang ◽  
Shouqing Liu

Graphene/MoS2 hybrid material was prepared by the hydrothermal method. The hybrid material was characterized by X-ray diffraction spectrum, Raman spectra, transmission electron microscope and UV-vis-NIRS. It was used as a near-infrared photocatalyst to catalyze and degrade Rhodamine B (RhB). The results showed that when the concentration of the RhB solution was 50.0 mg·L–1, the pH value of the solution was 7, the volume of the solution was 50.0 mL, the amount of G/MoS2 catalyst was 0.05 g and near-infrared radiation was carried out for 3 h, the degradation rate of RhB in the 50 mL solution reached 96.5%. When MoS2 was used as the photocatalyst, the degradation rate of RhB was only 75.5%. After 5 times of recycling, the catalytic efficiency of the hybrid photocatalyst was still more than 90%, indicating that the catalyst is very stable.


2022 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Author(s):  
Fatima Zohra Boubekri ◽  
Amal Benkhaled ◽  
Zineb Elbahri

Abstract Novel bio-composite films based on Algerian earth chestnut i.e. Bunium incrassatum roots (Talghouda, TG) and cellulose derivatives (ethylcellulose; EC and cellulose acetate; AC) are prepared and tested for methylene blue (MB) adsorption from aqueous solutions. The biomaterial films are elaborated by dissolution solvent evaporation technique and are characterized by infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, SEM and optical microscopy. The pHpzc is also determined. For the adsorption tests, design of experiments based on 23 factorial design is built and followed. So, the effects of TG:EC:AC ratio, pH and MB initial concentration are discussed on the basis of mathematical modelling using Minitab software. Mathematical relations between equilibrium adsorption percentages and capacities versus selected variables were obtained and illustrated by surface plots. The interactive effects between variables have been also identified. The results showed that the MB adsorption percentage exceeded 83% and is mostly affected by pH value. Nevertheless the adsorption capacity is affected by MB initial concentration.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Xiao Ma ◽  
Dezhi Kong ◽  
Zihui Chang

It is understood that the effect of exercise rehabilitation drugs in patients with lumbar disc herniation is poor. Some studies have shown that bismuth tungstate nanomaterials with certain morphology can treat the exercise rehabilitation of patients with lumbar disc herniation. In order to help patients with lumbar disc herniation to a certain extent, in this paper, bismuth tungstate nanomaterials with different structures and morphologies were prepared by hydrothermal method, and viscous tungsten nanomaterials with different structures and morphologies were prepared by adjusting the pH value of the solution and the concentration of CTAB. In this paper, the structure and morphology of tungsten samples with different structure and morphology were characterized by CTAB X-ray (XRD) deflection and FESEM. It was found that the morphology of the samples changed after adding 0.02 mol/L surfactant CTAB in the reaction system, and when the concentration of CTAB was 0.04 mol/L, the nanotubes were stacked together under the action of surfactant. When the concentration of CTAB increased to 0.06 mol/L, the self-assembled nanocomposites tended to be petal like.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xiaodan Li ◽  
Songfeng Wang ◽  
Yating Fan ◽  
Zhe Zhou ◽  
Sheng Xu ◽  
...  

Corydalis yanhusuo, a precious herb of the Papaveraceae family, is widely used in multiple traditional Chinese medicines for the treatment of many painful conditions, and its medicinal part is the dried tuber. Yet how to improve this plant’s medicinal yield as well as its economic efficiency remains a key problem in its cultivation. The planting of C. yanhusuo in rotation with peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) aims to improve land utilization efficiency, but the total production of tubers is severely reduced relative to fields without rotation. However, an increased yield was observed in C. yanhusuo plants grown in previously flooded fields (HR field) compared to the ones grown in the fields that had been used to cultivate peanut (PL field) or in fields without rotation or flooding (N field). Based on these phenomena, in this study, we explored the potential factors responsible for the altered growth/yield of C. yanhusuo under different field conditions. Soil physicochemical properties and the diversity and community of rhizobacteriome of C. yanhusuo were both analyzed. By testing several soil physicochemical properties, we found that the cation exchange capacity (CEC), soil organic matter (SOM), total nitrogen (TN), and pH value differed significantly among these three types of fields. 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing revealed stark differences in the composition, diversity, and potential functions of the bacterial community in the rhizosphere of C. yanhusuo plants grown in field with the peanut rotation or flooding. Notably, the Acidobacteria were enriched in the HR field, while Actinobacteria were enriched in the PL field. More importantly, further analysis showed that changed soil physicochemical properties could be one reason for why the rhizospheric bacterial community has changed; hence, soil physicochemical properties might also be affecting plant performance indirectly by regulating the rhizospheric bacterial community. The RDA analysis distinguished CEC as the most important soil physicochemical property influencing the structure and composition of the C. yanhusuo rhizobacteriome. In summary, our results suggest peanut rotation- and flooding-induced soil physicochemical properties changes would further impact the rhizobacteriome of C. yanhusuo albeit differentially, culminating in opposite effects upon the plant growth and medicinal yield of C. yanhusuo.


Author(s):  
Fan Xu ◽  
Weilei Wang ◽  
Aoxue Xu ◽  
Daohuan Feng ◽  
Weili Liu ◽  
...  

Abstract This study investigated the effects of particle size and pH of SiO2-based slurry on chemical mechanical polishing for SiO2 film. It was found that the removal rates and surface roughness of the material was highly dependent on the particle size and pH. As the particle size varied, the main polishing mechanism provided the activation energy to mechanical erasure. In addition, pH affected the particle size and Zeta potential, which had an important effect on the strength of the mechanical and chemical action of the chemical mechanical polishing. The change in mechanical action greatly influenced the removal rate. According to the experimental results, the best polishing of SiO2 film was achieved with 40 nm particle size SiO2 abrasives when the pH was 4.


2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-13
Author(s):  
Susi Hariyani ◽  
Wattini Wattini ◽  
Ida Zuraida ◽  
Pramudya Kurniawan ◽  
Lelly Marini ◽  
...  

Bauxite waste sludge is quite dangerous when polluted into the surrounding environment. The number is increasing with the higher mining production. The utilization is still not maximized hence it is unbalanced to the increasing number, and it is necessary to use on a large scale. Sub-grade soil could use a lot of bauxite waste sludge but in reality, this waste is unsafe to use and its characteristics are mud the requirements of bearing capacity according to the AASHTO and USCS Classification unfulfilled. This study aims to determine the effect of the use of probiotic bacteria in bauxite waste on its physical characteristics and pH value. This experimental research method develops test objects according to ASTM standards with the same weight of bauxite waste and variations in the number of probiotic bacteria, namely 25 ml, 50 ml, 75 ml, and 100 ml and the incubation time of bacteria is 7 days, 14 days, 21 days, 28 days, 35 days, and 42 days. The results showed that the test specimens with more bacteria and longer incubation times resulted in lower pH values and physical characteristics that fulfilled the requirements for sub-grade soil.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ni Tan ◽  
Qiaorong Ye ◽  
Yaqing Liu ◽  
Yincheng Yang ◽  
Zui Ding ◽  
...  

Abstract With polydioxyethylene ether as the bridge chain, a new fungal modified material with diamidoxime groups was prepared by a series of uncomplex synthesis reaction. The orthogonal experiment obtained its optimized adsorption conditions as follows: the initial pH value 6.5, the initial uranyl concentration 40 mg L-1, the contact time 130 min, and the solid-liquid ratio 25 mg L-1. The maximum adsorption capacity of target material was 446.20 mg g-1, and it was much greater than that of the similar monoamidoxime material (295.48 mg g−1). The linear Langmuir (R2 = 0.9856) isotherm models and the linear pseudo-second-order kinetic model (R2 = 0.9931) fit the experimental data of uranium (VI) adsorption better, indicating the adsorption mechanism should mainly be the monolayer adsorption and chemical process. In addition, the relevant experiments exhibited the prepared material was of the good reuse and the excellent anti-interference performance, which suggested the new acquisition should also have well-applied prospect in the future.


2022 ◽  
Vol 18 ◽  
Author(s):  
Danusa Silva da Costa ◽  
Katiuchia Pereira Takeuchi ◽  
Richard Marins da Silva ◽  
Mariana Buranelo Egea ◽  
Geovana Rocha Plácido

Background: Buriti (Mauritia flexuosa) oil has high economic potential because it contains monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids with high antioxidant potential and high carotenoid content, making it an excellent source of pro-vitamin A. Objective: The objective of this work was to evaluate the rheological properties of filmogenic solutions incorporated with different buriti oil concentrations. Methods: Buriti oil (0.15 to 0.45 % w/v) and emulsifier (Tween®20) (0.02 to 0.04 % w/v) were combined using a factorial experimental design 22 with 3 central points for the preparation of filmogenic solutions with cassava starch (3%, w/v) and glycerol (0.06%, w/v). Rheological properties, static and centrifugation emulsion stabilities, and pH value of filmogenic solutions were evaluated. Results: Filmogenic solutions with lower emulsifier concentration showed increased flow resistance and non-Newtonian and pseudoplastic behavior (n<1). Central point formulation (E, F, and G) remained stable (no particle agglomeration) throughout the test period as well as pH value close to neutrality. In centrifugation stability index at 3500 rpm, only formulation C did not show phase separation. Conclusion: It was possible to develop a mixture of a filmogenic solution containing buriti oil that could be applied as an eco-friendly coating in food.


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