Diffusion Flame
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Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 310 ◽  
pp. 122252
Author(s):  
Xu Fang ◽  
Xiaolei Zhang ◽  
Richard K.K. Yuen ◽  
Longhua Hu

Author(s):  
Felipe Escudero ◽  
Juan José Cruz ◽  
Fengshan Liu ◽  
Andrés Fuentes

Abstract This work presents a layer-peeling (LP) algorithm to correct the signal trapping effect in planar laser-induced incandescence (LII) measurements of soot volume fraction. The method is based on measurements of LII signals captured by an intensified CCD camera at a series of parallel planes across a diffusion flame. A method based on presumed function (PF) of soot volume fraction is also proposed for comparison. The presented methods are numerically tested based on synthetic LII signals emitted from a simulated axisymmetric laminar diffusion flame using the CoFlame code. Numerical results showed that the LP method is able to correct the signal trapping effect, even for fairly large optical thicknesses and in a wide range of detection wavelengths. The correction decreases the relative errors induced by neglecting the trapping effect considerably. The signal trapping effect correction is less important for the determination of integrated soot quantities such as radially integrated soot volume fraction or total soot loading. Planar LII measurements were carried out and calibrated in order to test the method experimentally in a coflow flame. The LP, PF and a simplified analytical (SA) model were compared. The results indicate that the differences in soot volume fraction of 1 ppm or about 15% are obtained in zones of maximum soot loading of 6.5 ppm when the trapping effect is accounted for. Also, the LP and SA methods were found computationally efficient and accurate compared to the PF method. Although the study was performed in a canonical laminar axisymmetric flame, the proposed method can be applied to any statistically steady 3D flame.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2127 (1) ◽  
pp. 012017
Author(s):  
V A Arbuzov ◽  
E V Arbuzov ◽  
Yu N Dubnishchev ◽  
O S Zolotukhina ◽  
V V Lukashov

Abstract Work motivation – adaptation of optical Hilbert diagnostic methods for visualization and study of optical density and phase temperature fields in the structure of an axisymmetric diffusion hydrogen-air flame. The diagnostic complex is implemented on the basis of the IAB-451 device with modified blocks of optical filtering, information source and processing. A laminar jet flame H2/N2 in still air is considered. The investigated torch is oriented vertically. Visualization of phase disturbances induced by the medium under study in a multi-wavelength probing (λ1 = 636 nm, λ2 = 537 nm and λ3 = 466 nm) light field is performed using polychromatic Hilbert and Foucault-Hilbert transformations in combination with registration and pixel-by-pixel processing of the dynamic RGB image structure. The dynamic phase structure of the diffusion flame is visualized. The initial temperature approximation, based on the assumption of an air mixture, is corrected so that the calculated hilbertogram matches the measured one as closely as possible. The data obtained are in good agreement with the results of thermocouple measurements. The temperature was recorded by thermocouples at reference points. The phase function is reconstructed in axisymmetric sections from RGB-hilbertograms. The reliability of the results is confirmed by comparing the experimentally obtained hilbertograms and hilbertograms reconstructed from phase structures using the Abel transform.


2021 ◽  
Vol 45 (5) ◽  
pp. 385-392
Author(s):  
Fatma Zohra Khelladi ◽  
Mounir Alliche ◽  
Redha Rebhi ◽  
Giulio Lorenzini ◽  
Hijaz Ahmad ◽  
...  

The goal of this study, which focuses on the effect of the bluff-body form on the flame’s stability, is to contribute to the study of the stability of a CH4-H2-Air diffusion flame. It is, in fact, a numerical simulation of a diffusion flame CH4-H2-Air stabilized by a bluff body in three different shapes: cylindrical, semi-spherical and conical. The equations governing turbulent reactive flow are solved using the Ansys CFX program (Navier Stokes equations averaged in sense of Favre). The k-ε model simulates turbulence. For combustion, a mixed EDM/FRC (Finite Rate Combustion) model is utilized. The results of the analysis of temperature profiles, CO2 concentrations, and velocity in axial sections very close to the injector are satisfactory: they meet the criteria of stability, high temperature at a lower speed, and more stable in the case of a cylindrical shape than in the other two cases.


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