treatment technology
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2022 ◽  
Vol 178 ◽  
pp. 106036
Cristian A. Robbins ◽  
Xuewei Du ◽  
Thomas H. Bradley ◽  
Jason C. Quinn ◽  
Todd M. Bandhauer ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 177 ◽  
pp. 106011
Cristian A Robbins ◽  
Xuewei Du ◽  
Thomas H Bradley ◽  
Jason C Quinn ◽  
Todd M Bandhauer ◽  

Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 462
Fenghui Wu ◽  
Can Yang ◽  
Guangfei Qu ◽  
Liangliang Liu ◽  
Bangjin Chen ◽  

Phosphogypsum (PG) treatment is one of the research hotspots in the field of environmental protection. Many researchers both at home and abroad have devoted themselves to studies on harmless resource treatment of PG, but the treatment technology is unable to meet the demand of PG consumption due to the huge production and storage demands. In order to solve the problem of PG pollution, this study explored the different solidified effects of various modification formulations on the hazardous components in PG, using industrial solid waste calcium carbide slag (CCS) as an alkaline regulator; Portland cement (PC), polyaluminum chloride (PAC) and CaCl2 as the main raw materials of the solidification and stabilization formula and the water content in PG as the reaction medium. The results showed that CCS (0.5%), PC (0.4%) and PAC (0.3%) had a more significant solidified effect on phosphorus (P) and fluoride (F). PAC was added in two steps and reacted under normal temperature and pressure, and its leaching toxicity meets the requirements of relevant standards, which laid an excellent foundation for PG-based ecological restoration materials and filling materials, with low economic cost, simple process and strong feasibility. This will provide great convenience for the later mining and metallurgy.

2022 ◽  
pp. 0734242X2110701
Roland Berger ◽  
Joachim Lehner

It is a well-established fact that the quality and quantity of landfill gas (LFG) start declining after a landfill is closed to further waste intake. Conventional gas treatment and utilisation systems such as flares and gas-driven engines require a certain quality of LFG: specifically, a sufficient methane concentration. Various measures are utilised to maintain the necessary quality of LFG, including a turn-down of gas extraction rates and a shutdown of low-quality gas wells, resulting in a decline of LFG production. This, however, does not have to be the case. The low calorific value (LCV) LFG capture and treatment technology developed by e-flox and referred to in this article as ‘LCV LFG System’ can significantly increase the collection rate and the amount of treated methane in an old landfill. This article introduces such new treatment measures, describes gas capture calculation methodologies and presents actual results based on a medium-sized landfill in Germany. The study demonstrates, among other things, that the LCV LFG system can reduce the CO2 avoidance costs to roughly 10 €/tCO2eq. We present this new technology as a quick and straightforward measure of dealing with the climate issues related to methane emissions of old landfills.

BMC Cancer ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Fenghai Ren ◽  
Baojun Li ◽  
Chao Wang ◽  
Yanbo Wang ◽  
Binbin Cui

Abstract Background Colorectal cancer (CRC) represents a common malignancy in gastrointestinal tract. Iodine-125 (125I) seed implantation is an emerging treatment technology for unresectable tumors. This study investigated the mechanism of 125I seed in the function of CRC cells. Methods The CRC cells were irradiated with different doses of 125I seed (0.4, 0.6 and 0.8 mCi). miR-615 expression in CRC tissues and adjacent tissues was detected by RT-qPCR. miR-615 expression was intervened with miR-615 mimic or miR-615 inhibitor, and then the CRC cells were treated with 5-AZA (methylation inhibitor). The CRC cell growth, invasion and apoptosis were measured. The methylation level of miR-615 promoter region was detected. The xenograft tumor model irradiated by 125I seed was established in nude mice. The methylation of miR-615, Ki67 expression and CRC cell apoptosis were detected. Results 125I seed irradiation repressed the growth and facilitated apoptosis of CRC cells in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with adjacent tissues, miR-615 expression in CRC tissues was downregulated and miR-615 was poorly expressed in CRC cells. Overexpression of miR-615 suppressed the growth of CRC cells. 125I seed-irradiated CRC cells showed increased miR-615 expression, reduced growth rate and enhanced apoptosis. The methylation level of miR-615 promoter region in CRC cells was decreased after 125I seed treatment. In vivo experiments confirmed that 125I seed-irradiated xenograft tumors showed reduced methylation of the miR-615 promoter and increased miR-615 expression, as well as decreased Ki67 expression and enhanced apoptosis. The target genes of miR-615 and its regulatory downstream pathway were further predicted by bioinformatics analysis. Conclusions 125I seed repressed the growth and facilitated the apoptosis of CRC cells by suppressing the methylation of the miR-615 promoter and thus activating miR-615 expression. The possible mechanism was that miR-615-5p targeted MAPK13, thus affecting the MAPK pathway and the progression of CRC.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 649
Anne Wambui Mumbi ◽  
Tsunemi Watanabe

This study analyzed the cost implications of using suitable technologies and the cost of inaction when addressing water pollution. This was achieved by developing three main models for the costs (model one) and benefits (model two and model three). The first model accounts for the operational costs of adopting suitable technologies, namely the use of diatomaceous earth for textile wastewater treatment. The second model analyzed the cost of inaction through analyzing the cost of treatment for water pollution-related diseases for the affected population. The occurrence and cost of treatment for three diseases, namely diarrhea, amoebiasis and bacterial infection, were used as indicators of water pollution in the area. The third model included the contingent valuation method (CVM) data on the willingness to pay for environmental restoration of the surveyed population. The benefit–cost ratio (BCR) of the resulting data from the three models were used to highlight the economic viability of the proposed project. A BCR of (0.67) for the cost of the proposed project versus the benefits of the project on human health using data from one hospital was obtained. There is a high possibility that the real BCR would increase if more data from other hospitals or other diseases were included. The results imply that the use of D.E can be considered a good candidate for treating wastewater. To thoroughly discuss the BCR of treating wastewater from one factory, the BCR of the proposed restoration project along River Sosiani, and the value of using DE as suitable technology, more studies are needed to evaluate the unaccounted costs and benefits for accurate economic estimations of the proposed project. The outcome of the study is a framework of numbers and figures that can be presented to decision makers and policy makers as critical information when making decisions.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
Ling-Zhuo Kong ◽  
Rui-Li Zhang ◽  
Shao-Hua Hu ◽  
Jian-Bo Lai

AbstractMilitary psychiatry, a new subcategory of psychiatry, has become an invaluable, intangible effect of the war. In this review, we begin by examining related military research, summarizing the related epidemiological data, neuropathology, and the research achievements of diagnosis and treatment technology, and discussing its comorbidity and sequelae. To date, advances in neuroimaging and molecular biology have greatly boosted the studies on military traumatic brain injury (TBI). In particular, in terms of pathophysiological mechanisms, several preclinical studies have identified abnormal protein accumulation, blood–brain barrier damage, and brain metabolism abnormalities involved in the development of TBI. As an important concept in the field of psychiatry, TBI is based on organic injury, which is largely different from many other mental disorders. Therefore, military TBI is both neuropathic and psychopathic, and is an emerging challenge at the intersection of neurology and psychiatry.

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