remotely sensed
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2022 ◽  
Vol 314 ◽  
pp. 108800
Kai Zhou ◽  
Quan Zhang ◽  
Lihua Xiong ◽  
Pierre Gentine

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 400
Pooja Preetha ◽  
Ashraf Al-Hamdan

(1) The existing frameworks for water quality modeling overlook the connection between multiple dynamic factors affecting spatiotemporal sediment yields (SY). This study aimed to implement satellite remotely sensed data and hydrological modeling to dynamically assess the multiple factors within basin-scale hydrologic models for a realistic spatiotemporal prediction of SY in watersheds. (2) A connective algorithm was developed to incorporate dynamic models of the crop and cover management factor (C-factor) and the soil erodibility factor (K-factor) into the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) with the aid of the Python programming language and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The algorithm predicted the annual SY in each hydrologic response unit (HRU) of similar land cover, soil, and slope characteristics in watersheds between 2002 and 2013. (3) The modeled SY closely matched the observed SY using the connective algorithm with the inclusion of the two dynamic factors of K and C (predicted R2 (PR2): 0.60–0.70, R2: 0.70–0.80, Nash Sutcliffe efficiency (NS): 0.65–0.75). The findings of the study highlight the necessity of excellent spatial and temporal data in real-time hydrological modeling of catchments.

M. R. Mohd Salleh ◽  
N. H. A. Norhairi ◽  
Z. Ismail ◽  
M. Z. Abd Rahman ◽  
M. F. Abdul Khanan ◽  

Abstract. This paper introduced a novel method of landslide activity mapping using vegetation anomalies indicators (VAIs) obtained from high resolution remotely sensed data. The study area was located in a tectonically active area of Kundasang, Sabah, Malaysia. High resolution remotely sensed data were used to assist manual landslide inventory process and production on VAIs. The inventory process identified 33, 139, and 31 of active, dormant, and relict landslides, respectively. Landslide inventory map were randomly divided into two groups for training (70%) and validation (30%) datasets. Overall, 7 group of VAIs were derived including (i) tree height irregularities; (ii) tree canopy gap; (iii) density of different layer of vegetation; (iv) vegetation type distribution; (v) vegetation indices (VIs); (vi) root strength index (RSI); and (vii) distribution of water-loving trees. The VAIs were used as the feature layer input of the classification process with landslide activity as the target results. The landslide activity of the study area was classified using support vector machine (SVM) approach. SVM parameter optimization was applied by using Grid Search (GS) and Genetic Algorithm (GA) techniques. The results showed that the overall accuracy of the validation dataset is between 61.4–86%, and kappa is between 0.335–0.769 for deep-seated translational landslide. SVM RBF-GS with 0.5m spatial resolution produced highest overall accuracy and kappa values. Also, the overall accuracy of the validation dataset for shallow translational is between 49.8–71.3%, and kappa is between 0.243–0.563 where SVM RBF-GS with 0.5m resolution recorded the best result. In conclusion, this study provides a novel framework in utilizing high resolution remote sensing to support labour intensive process of landslide inventory. The nature-based vegetation anomalies indicators have been proved to be reliable for landslide activity identification in Malaysia.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 215
Xuerui Niu ◽  
Qiaolin Zeng ◽  
Xiaobo Luo ◽  
Liangfu Chen

The semantic segmentation of fine-resolution remotely sensed images is an urgent issue in satellite image processing. Solving this problem can help overcome various obstacles in urban planning, land cover classification, and environmental protection, paving the way for scene-level landscape pattern analysis and decision making. Encoder-decoder structures based on attention mechanisms have been frequently used for fine-resolution image segmentation. In this paper, we incorporate a coordinate attention (CA) mechanism, adopt an asymmetric convolution block (ACB), and design a refinement fusion block (RFB), forming a network named the fusion coordinate and asymmetry-based U-Net (FCAU-Net). Furthermore, we propose novel convolutional neural network (CNN) architecture to fully capture long-term dependencies and fine-grained details in fine-resolution remotely sensed imagery. This approach has the following advantages: (1) the CA mechanism embeds position information into a channel attention mechanism to enhance the feature representations produced by the network while effectively capturing position information and channel relationships; (2) the ACB enhances the feature representation ability of the standard convolution layer and captures and refines the feature information in each layer of the encoder; and (3) the RFB effectively integrates low-level spatial information and high-level abstract features to eliminate background noise when extracting feature information, reduces the fitting residuals of the fused features, and improves the ability of the network to capture information flows. Extensive experiments conducted on two public datasets (ZY-3 and DeepGlobe) demonstrate the effectiveness of the FCAU-Net. The proposed FCAU-Net transcends U-Net, Attention U-Net, the pyramid scene parsing network (PSPNet), DeepLab v3+, the multistage attention residual U-Net (MAResU-Net), MACU-Net, and the Transformer U-Net (TransUNet). Specifically, the FCAU-Net achieves a 97.97% (95.05%) pixel accuracy (PA), a 98.53% (91.27%) mean PA (mPA), a 95.17% (85.54%) mean intersection over union (mIoU), and a 96.07% (90.74%) frequency-weighted IoU (FWIoU) on the ZY-3 (DeepGlobe) dataset.

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