steel bridge
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2022 ◽  
Vol 16 ◽  
pp. e00836
Author(s):  
Viet Hai Hoang ◽  
Quang Tuan Nguyen ◽  
Anh Tuan Tran ◽  
Thi Cam Ha Tran ◽  
Tu Anh Do

Structures ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 36 ◽  
pp. 153-167
Author(s):  
Hesham Abdelbaset ◽  
Bin Cheng ◽  
Liang Tian ◽  
Hai-Ting Li ◽  
Jian Zhao

Author(s):  
Francisco Javier Bonachera Martin ◽  
Robert J. Connor

Over the past decade, there has been considerable interest in the development of quantitative analytical procedures to determine if a primary steel tension member (PSTM) is a fracture critical member (FCM). Traditionally, this designation has most often been arbitrarily determined based simply on the bridge geometry, for example, the number of girders in the cross section, rather than an evaluation of the bridge in the faulted state. Clearly, such a redundancy evaluation must address the loading scenarios concurrent with failure of the PSTM, the likelihood of the member failure, the acceptable probability of load exceeding resistance in the faulted state, and the application of vehicular live load models. This research was conducted to develop a load model and load combinations that are specific to evaluating the performance of a bridge in the event a steel member was to fracture. Specifically, two load combinations were developed to evaluate the strength of a steel bridge, one for the event in which the failure of a PSTM occurs, and another for a post-failure service period. The development adhered to the reliability-based principles and procedures applied in the calculation of load combinations currently used in bridge engineering to facilitate direct implementation and to ensure consistency with current steel bridge design and evaluation procedures contained in the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2148 (1) ◽  
pp. 012036
Author(s):  
Liangping Feng ◽  
Lipeng Ling ◽  
Cheng Meng ◽  
Bohai Ji

Abstract Two types of fatigue cracks at arc notch in steel bridge deck were repaired by drilling stop-holes. The effect of stop-holes with different diameters and positions was considered. Based on finite element models, the variation laws of stress distribution and the effects of stress concentration were compared for different stop-hole diameters and positions. Analysis results indicated that stop-hole can effectively improve the stress concentration at crack tip and the fatigue life of components can be considerably increased. The crack-stopping performance enhances with the increase of stop-hole diameter, but large stop-hole cannot effectively retard crack growth. The stop-hole performs well with the location at -0.5D∼0.5D. The maximum stress point still appears at crack tip when the stop-hole is outside or inside the crack. The stop-hole diameter has no effect on the stop-hole location.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 436
Author(s):  
Le Li ◽  
Mojtaba Mahmoodian ◽  
Alireza Khaloo ◽  
Zhiyan Sun

This paper aims to develop a deteriorated bridge maintenance strategy that ensures the safe operation of steel structures and minimizes the total risk. Five common failure modes are considered for the deteriorated bridge: flexure, shear, deflection, fatigue failure for girder, and chloride attack for the concrete deck. Time-dependent and system reliability analyses are carried out to find the probability of failure under these failure modes. Risk-cost optimization is then used to determine the maintenance strategy. This method was applied to a working example. It was found that the developed maintenance strategy can predict when, where, and what to maintain for a bridge to ensure its safe and serviceable operation during its lifespan. The proposed methodology can help structural engineers and asset managers repair and maintain bridges under deterioration.


Buildings ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 9
Author(s):  
Wen Nie ◽  
Duanyi Wang ◽  
Yangguang Sun ◽  
Wei Xu ◽  
Xiaoquan Xiao

To comprehensively investigate the integrated structural and material design of the epoxy asphalt mixture used in steel bridge deck pavement, the following works have been conducted: 1. The strain level of steel bridge deck pavement was calculated; 2. The ultimate strain level of fatigue endurance for epoxy asphalt concrete was measured; 3. The effect of water tightness of epoxy asphalt mixture on the bonding performance of steel plate interface was tested. 4. For better performance evaluation, quantitative analysis of the anti-skid performance of epoxy asphalt mixture was carried out by testing the structure depth using a laser texture tester. Results show the following findings: 1. The fatigue endurance limit strain level of epoxy asphalt mixture (600 με) was higher than that of the steel bridge deck pavement (<300 με), indicating that the use of epoxy asphalt concrete has better flexibility and can achieve a longer service life in theory; 2. The epoxy asphalt concrete has significant water tightness to protect the steel plate interface from corrosion and ensure good bonding performance; 3. The porosity of epoxy asphalt mixture used in steel bridge deck paving should be controlled within 3%; 4. In terms of anti-skid performance of bridge deck pavement, the FAC-10 graded epoxy asphalt mixture is recommended when compared with EA-10C.


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (12) ◽  
pp. 176
Author(s):  
Mohammed Abbas Mousa ◽  
Mustafasanie M. Yussof ◽  
Ufuoma Joseph Udi ◽  
Fadzli Mohamed Nazri ◽  
Mohd Khairul Kamarudin ◽  
...  

A vision-based approach has been employed in Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of bridge infrastructure. The approach has many advantages: non-contact, non-destructive, long-distance, high precision, immunity from electromagnetic interference, and multiple-target monitoring. This review aims to summarise the vision- and Digital Image Correlation (DIC)-based SHM methods for bridge infrastructure because of their strategic significance and security concerns. Four different bridge types were studied: concrete, suspension, masonry, and steel bridge. DIC applications in SHM have recently garnered attention in aiding to assess the bridges’ structural response mechanisms under loading. Different non-destructive diagnostics methods for SHM in civil infrastructure have been used; however, vision-based techniques like DIC were only developed over the last two decades, intending to facilitate damage detection in bridge systems with prompt and accurate data for efficient and sustainable operation of the bridge structure throughout its service life. Research works reviewed in this article demonstrated the DIC capability to detect damage such as cracks, spalling, and structural parameters such as deformation, strains, vibration, deflection, and rotation. In addition, the reviewed works indicated that the DIC as an efficient and reliable technique could provide sustainable monitoring solutions for different bridge infrastructures.


2021 ◽  

Ultralow cycle fatigue (ULCF) failure was first observed on steel bridge piers in the Kobe earthquake, and the ultimate strength and ductility evaluation formulas of thin-walled steel bridge piers were established. In this study, parametric analysis of steel piers was carried out to study the influence of the structural parameters on the ULCF damage evolution. The evolution of the ULCF damage of the base metal, the deposited metal, and the heat-affected zones was studied based on two types of steel piers with hollow box and pipe sections. Then, practical formulas to predict the ULCF damage level of steel piers under cyclic loading were proposed. Finally, the proposed formulas were validated by comparisons with the experimental results. The results show that the heat-affected zone is more vulnerable to ULCF failure than the base metal and the deposited metal. Moreover, the practical formulas to predict the ULCF damage index of the steel piers under cyclic loading were proposed, and the formulas effectively predicted the ULCF crack of the steel piers.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Renda Zhao ◽  
Kaifeng Zheng ◽  
Xing Wei ◽  
Hongyu Jia ◽  
Haili Liao ◽  
...  

AbstractBridge construction is one of the cores of traffic infrastructure construction. To better develop relevant bridge science, this paper introduces the main research progress in China and abroad in 2020 from 16 aspects. The content consists of four major categories in 16 aspects. The first part is about the bridge structure, including concrete bridge and high-performance materials, steel bridges, composite girders. The second part is about the bridge disaster prevention and mitigation, including bridge seismic resistance, wind resistance of bridge, train-bridge coupling vibration research, bridge hydrodynamics, the durability of the concrete bridges, fatigue of steel bridge, temperature field and temperature effect of bridge; The third part is about the bridge analyses, including numerical simulation of bridge structure, box girder and cable-stayed bridge analysis theories. The last part is concerning the bridge emerging technologies, including bridge informatization and intelligent bridge, the technology in bridge structure test, bridge assessment and reinforcement, prefabricated concrete bridge structure.


2021 ◽  
Vol 313 ◽  
pp. 125393
Author(s):  
Leilei Chen ◽  
Xiangfei Zhang ◽  
Wenqi Ma ◽  
Xiaorui Zhang

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