asphalt concrete
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 857
Jiaqi Chen ◽  
Xingzao Chen ◽  
Hancheng Dan ◽  
Lanchun Zhang

Pavement temperature field affects pavement service life and the thermal environment the near road surface; thus, is important for sustainable pavement design. This paper developed a combined prediction method for the thermal conductivity of asphalt concrete based on meso-structure and renormalization technology, which is critical for determining the pavement temperature field. The accuracy of the combined prediction method was verified by laboratory experiments. Using the tested and proven model, the effect of coarse aggregate type, shape, content, spatial orientation, air void of asphalt concrete, and steel fiber on the effective thermal conductivity was analyzed. The analysis results show that the orientation angle and aspect ratio of the aggregate have a combined effect on thermal conductivity. In general, when the aggregate orientation is parallel with the heat conduction direction, the effective thermal conductivity of asphalt concrete in that direction tends to be greater. The effective thermal conductivity of asphalt concrete decreases with the decrease of coarse aggregate content or steel fiber content or with the increase of porosity, and it increases with the increase of the effective thermal conductivity of coarse aggregate.

2022 ◽  
K.G. Pugin

Abstract. The research presented in the article shows the possibility of using some polymer materials in the composition of asphalt concrete. The analysis of scientific works in the field of asphalt concrete design shows the efficiency of using plastic waste to obtain asphalt concrete with specified physical, mechanical and operational properties. This technology allows not only to reduce the amount of accumulated plastic waste, but also to improve the condition of highways by increasing the strength of asphalt concrete. Polymers PP and LDPE were selected for the study. As PP samples, we used a nonwoven material used for the production of disposable medical masks, which is suitable for creating linear or dispersed reinforcement of asphalt concrete. LDPE was used as the second polymer sample. The obtained asphalt concrete samples differ from the traditional composition by their increased compressive strength at high temperatures while maintaining plasticity at low temperatures.

2022 ◽  
K.G. Pugin

Abstract. Premature destruction of asphalt concrete can be caused by the aging of bitumen, which is associated with a change in the physical and chemical properties of bitumen. The article shows that in most cases, the improvement of the characteristics of asphalt concrete is achieved through the introduction of additives that affect the basic properties of the bituminous binder, such as penetration, softening temperature, viscosity. The influence of the chemical composition of the mineral filler on the rate of bitumen aging has been experimentally proved. The obtained research data show that the increase in the rate of aging of bitumen is influenced by the compounds of silicon and aluminum. On the other hand, metals such as iron and titanium contribute to the preservation of the initial plasticity of bitumen, and the accumulation of asphaltenes in the structure of the bitumen-mineral mixture slows down.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 369
Marek Pszczola ◽  
Dawid Rys ◽  
Mariusz Jaczewski

High-modulus asphalt concrete has numerous advantages in comparison to conventional asphalt concrete, including increased resistance to permanent deformations and increased pavement fatigue life. However, previous studies have shown that the construction of road pavements with High Modulus Asphalt Concrete (HMAC) may significantly increase the risk of low-temperature cracking. Those observations were the motivation for the research presented in this paper. Four test sections with HMAC used in base and binder courses were evaluated in the study. Field investigations of the number of low-temperature cracks were performed over several years. It was established that the number of new low-temperature cracks is susceptible to many random factors, and the statistical term “reversion to the mean” should be considered. A new factor named Increase in Cracking Index was developed to analyze the resistance of pavement to low-temperature cracking. For all the considered field sections, samples were cut from each asphalt layer, and Thermal Stress Restrained Specimen Tests were performed in the laboratory. Correlations of temperature at failure and cryogenic stresses with the cracking intensity observed in the field were analyzed. The paper provides practical suggestions for pavement designers. When the use of high modulus asphalt concrete is planned for binder course and asphalt base, which may result in lower resistance to low-temperature cracking of pavement than in the case of conventional asphalt concrete, it is advisable to apply a wearing course with improved resistance to low-temperature cracking. Such an approach may compensate for the adverse effects of usage of high modulus asphalt concrete.

Jhony Habbouche ◽  
Ilker Boz ◽  
Brian K. Diefenderfer ◽  
Benjamin F. Bowers

The objective of this paper was to assess the viability of using high polymer (HP) modified asphalt concrete (AC) mixtures in Virginia as a reflective crack mitigation technique or when deemed appropriate as a tool for increased crack resistance on higher volume facilities. This was achieved by compiling and evaluating routine distress survey data against pre-paving distress survey data for relevant in-service HP pavements constructed between 2015 and 2018 and comparing them with several control in-service conventional polymer-modified asphalt (PMA) pavements. This is the first effort in North America to provide a detailed field performance of HP AC mixtures. In general, none of the evaluated mixtures (HP or PMA) was able to prevent reflective cracking completely. The HP sections showed the most promising performance 5 years after construction regardless of traffic level and the pre-existing pavement conditions. The pavement management system data for the reviewed sections indicated a potential controlling effect of the joint condition of the underlying jointed concrete pavement layer regardless of the asphalt mixture type employed (PMA or HP). Moreover, performance evaluations using the network-level pavement management data were conducted to estimate the life expectancy of HP AC overlays. Two different approaches and three levels of analysis were undertaken. Overall, PMA and HP AC overlays had an average predicted service life of 6.2 and 8.3 years, respectively, indicating a 34% extension of performance life of the AC overlays with high polymer modification.

2022 ◽  
Vol 317 ◽  
pp. 125829
Carlos J. Slebi-Acevedo ◽  
Pedro Lastra-González ◽  
Daniel Castro-Fresno ◽  
Ángel Vega-Zamanillo

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