western ghats
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B. N. Sathish ◽  
C. K,. Bhavya ◽  
C. G. Kushalappa ◽  
K. M. Nanaya ◽  
C. Dhanush ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-7
A Shabnam ◽  
K P Dinesh

DNA Barcoding is one of the emerging tools in molecular identification of faunal diversity, specifically insect fauna. The Surinam cockroach, Pycnoscelus surinamensis is the only known roach to be obligatorily parthenogenetic, with reported haplotypes. P. surinamensis is well established in Indomalayan, tropical and subtropical regions and substantially documented from India with a phenetic approach. Herewith we report the first set of mt DNA barcode from a vouchered collection for the species from southern Western Ghats India. Discussions are made on the identity of two sequences each of Blatteria species and Pycnoscelus species reported from USA.

Zootaxa ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 5091 (1) ◽  
pp. 182-190

Nigrobaetis klugei sp. nov. is described based on nymphs from the Sastha falls of Western Ghats, Southern India. The nymph of Nigrobaetis klugei sp. nov. can be distinguished from other Oriental species of Nigrobaetis by the following combination of characters: (i) dorsal surface of the labrum with 1+3 long simple stout setae on the distal half; (ii) paraproct distally not expanded, with a reduced number of spines on distal margin (three large and two small spines); (iii) paraglossae slender, approximately as wide as glossae; (iv) absence of medioproximal spots in the abdominal tergites and (v) long and pointed triangular spines at the distal margin of abdominal tergites.  

Zootaxa ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 5087 (4) ◽  
pp. 558-570

This catalogue lists 46 valid species included in 7 genera and two subfamilies of the family Hydraenidae (Coleoptera), recorded from India. The subfamily Hydraeninae accommodates 24 species (5 genera), and Ochthebiinae 22 species (2 genera). We include synonyms, type localities, type depositories, and distribution of the species. The Himalayan region supports the maximum diversity (31 species), followed by Deccan Peninsula (5 species), Western-Ghats (5 species), Northeast (4 species), Gangetic Plains (4 species), Semi-Arid (2 species), and Islands (one species).  

2022 ◽  
Vol 43 (1) ◽  
pp. 66-72
R. Balasubramanian ◽  
S. Sahina ◽  

Aim: Climate and weather conditions play a crucial role in the dynamics and distribution of ticks and tick-borne diseases. In this study, we explored the influence of a heavy rainfall (flood) occurrence on the seasonal activity and density of host-seeking Haemaphysalis tick vectors in Wayanad district, Kerala, India. Methodology: Wayanad district in Kerala state was selected as the study area. Ticks were collected from December 2017 to May 2019, monthly for five consecutive days by dragging method. Tick density was analyzed with climate data obtained from the meteorological station. Results: The total number of ticks collected post-flood decreased to 59% in Kurichiyad (site 1) and 63% in Muthanga (site 2), and the seasonal nymphal peak density was shifted. A seasonal peak of tick activity was normally observed from December to February. This peak occurrence was missing after flood in the study areas created with waterlogging and vegetation overgrowth. Interpretation: The present study revealed the effect of flood events in the study sites with significant differences in the abundance of five Haemaphysalis tick species during pre and post-flood periods and forest and wildlife habitats. This difference in the changing climatic conditions and increasing annual flood seasons in the Western Ghats may shift this region's ticks questing activity and tick-borne disease ecology.

2022 ◽  
K. A Sreejith ◽  
M. S Sanil ◽  
T. S Prasad ◽  
M. P Prejith ◽  
V. B Sreekumar ◽  

Tropical forests have long been accepted for their productivity and ecosystem services on account of their high diversity and stand structural attributes. In spite of their significance, tropical forests, and especially those of Asia, remain understudied. Until recently, most forest inventories in Asia have concentrated on trees 10 cm in diameter. Floristic composition, plant species diversity, above-ground biomass, basal area, and diversity were investigated across different life forms and two-diameter classes in a large-scale 10-ha plot, in the undisturbed tropical seasonal rain forest of Southern Western Ghats, Kerala, India. The regeneration pattern of the study area was examined by evaluating fisher's alpha and IVI (Important Value Index) across three layers of vegetation (seedling, sapling, and tree). Within the plot, we recorded 25,390 woody plant species ≥1 cm dbh from 45 families, 91 genera, and 106 species. Plant density was 2539 woody individuals per hectare, with a basal area of 47.72 m2/ha and above-ground biomass of 421.77 Mg/ha. By basal area, density, and frequency, the Rubiaceae, Sapotaceae, and Malvaceae families were the most important. Small-diameter trees (1 cm ≤ dbh ≤10 cm) were found to be 78 percent of the total tree population, 20.2 percent of the basal area, and 1.4 percent of the aboveground biomass. They also possessed 6 percent more diversity at the family level, 10% more diversity at the genus level, and 12% more diversity at the species level than woody individuals under 10 cm dbh. Woody individuals of treelets life form and small-diameter classes were much more diverse and dense than the other groups, indicating that results based only on larger canopy trees and larger diameter class maybe not be an appropriate representation of the diversity status of a particular tropical forest type. The lower density of individuals in the initial girth class indicates the vulnerability of the forest system to anthropogenic, natural disturbance and a changing climate. Reduce the minimum diameter limit down to 1 cm, in contrast to 10 cm limit used in most of the evergreen forest inventories, revealed a high density and diversity in the lower stories.

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