nonlinear load
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Ravi Kumar Majji ◽  
Jyoti Prakash Mishra ◽  
Ashish A. Dongre

Abstract The performance evaluation of a single-phase shunt-connected custom power device (SC-CPD) for current quality improvement is discussed in this paper. The SC-CPD performance is compared based on the linear triangle-comparison pulse width modulation (TC-PWM) control, hysteresis current control (HCC), and the predictive non-linear switching control strategies. The predictive switching control is implemented using the finite control set-model predictive control (FCS-MPC). The switching control techniques’ operational and implementation features are discussed for the given control objectives of the SC-CPD for a particular nonlinear load. Basic functional case studies with sinusoidal and non-sinusoidal supply mains in the presence of non-linear loads are presented to illustrate the appropriateness of the switching techniques. The SC-CPD model and control methodologies are developed in the MATLAB/Simulink environment, including designing of various circuit components. Finally, performance simulation results using the switching techniques have been compared and validated using OPAL-RT 4510-based real-time simulations.

И.Е. Кажекин ◽  
С.П. Финько ◽  
М.С. Харитонов

Описаны результаты исследований влияния показателей качества электроэнергии на токи однофазных замыканий в судовых электроустановках. Выявлены основные элементы бортовых электроустановок, влияющие на качество электроэнергии. Проанализировано формирование высших гармоник в токе однофазного замыкания. На физической модели электроустановки проведены исследования влияния нелинейной нагрузки на ток однофазного замыкания. Результаты экспериментов подтвердили установленные закономерности. Выявлено, что в установившемся режиме ток однофазного замыкания определяется не только величиной фазной емкости и напряжением сети, но и несинусоидальностью тока нагрузки. Экспериментально показано, что высшие гармоники, присутствующие в токе нагрузки, усиливаются в токе однофазного замыкания. При этом увеличение их амплитуд пропорционально номеру гармоники и ее амплитуде в токе нагрузки. Экспериментально установлено, что формирование высших гармоник в токе однофазного замыкания в результате эмиссии нелинейной нагрузкой приводит к увеличению его действующего значения. The paper represents the research results of the power quality indicators influence on the currents of single-phase ground faults in ship electrical installations. The main elements of on-board electrical installations that affect the quality of electricity are identified. The process of higher harmonics formation in the single-phase ground fault current is analyzed. Studies of the nonlinear load influence on the single-phase fault current are carried out on the physical model of the electrical installation. The experimental results confirmed the established patterns. For the steady-state mode it was discovered that the single-phase ground fault current is determined not only by the phase capacitance value and the mains voltage, but also by the non-sinusoidality of the load current. It has been shown experimentally that the higher harmonics of the load current are amplified in the single-phase ground fault current. In this case, the increase at their amplitudes is proportional to the harmonic number and its amplitude in the load current. It has been experimentally established that the formation of higher harmonics at a single-phase ground fault current as a result of emission by a nonlinear load leads to an increase in its effective value.

Muhira Dzar Faraby ◽  
Ontoseno Penangsang ◽  
Rony Seto Wibowo ◽  
Andi Fitriati

<span lang="EN-US">Power quality has an important role in the distribution of electrical energy. The use of non-linear load can generate harmonic spread which can reduce the power quality in the radial distribution system. This research is in form of coordinated planning by combining distributed generation placement, capacitor placement and network reconfiguration to simultaneously minimize active power losses, total harmonic distortion (THD), and voltage deviation as an objective function using the particle swarm optimization method. This optimization technique will be tested on two types of networks in the form 33-bus and 69-bus IEEE Standard Test System to show effectiveness of the proposed method. The use of MATLAB programming shows the result of simulation of increasing power quality achieved for all scenario of proposed method.</span>

2021 ◽  
pp. 5-20
L. Kovernikova ◽  
V.C. Luong

Non-sinusoidal conditions in electrical networks need to be calculated for their control and development of technical measures to maintain harmonic parameters according to the requirements of regulatory documents. These calculations are impossible without electrical network and nonlinear load models that adequately reflect them in computational programs. Nonlinear load models have been developed for a long time. Some studies present general modeling principles and models of various nonlinear devices. Others consider some nonlinear devices as equivalent nonlinear loads connected to low and medium voltage networks. A whole host of high-power nonlinear electrical equipment is connected to high voltage networks. Modeling nonlinear loads connected to these networks is a problem. Research of measured parameters of harmonic conditions in electrical networks has shown that they are random values. The probabilistic nature is determined by the network configuration, a range of network components, the number of nonlinear loads, wave and frequency properties of the network, harmonic source phase currents, voltage at terminals of nonlinear electrical equipment, changes in operating conditions and load power, and many other factors. Nonlinear loads can only be modeled based on the measurements of parameters of harmonic conditions due to their unpredictability. The paper presents an overview of existing methods for modeling nonlinear loads, a methodological approach to modeling nonlinear loads based on measured parameters, an algorithm for modeling harmonics of active and reactive currents, a computational program algorithm designed to identify distribution functions of measured current harmonics, and modeling results for current harmonics of railway transformers supplying power to electric locomotives.

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (22) ◽  
pp. 7762
Aleksandr Skamyin ◽  
Yaroslav Shklyarskiy ◽  
Vasiliy Dobush ◽  
Iuliia Dobush

The paper deals with issues of modeling nonlinear electrical loads of various types, such an uncontrolled rectifier, thyristor rectifier, thyristor power regulator and mixed equivalent nonlinear load. For these load types, existing analytical expressions were identified to determine the magnitudes of harmonic currents, and waveforms of currents were obtained during measurements in laboratory conditions with variable parameters of the grid impedance and load. The obtained results were compared, and it was found that the error in determining the magnitudes of harmonic currents can reach 60% for an individual load and 54% for an equivalent load. A more accurate method for determining the parameters of nonlinear electrical load is also proposed, which is based on the application of shunt harmonic filters. In laboratory conditions, it was found that when using the developed method, the error did not exceed 10% for an individual load and 14% for an equivalent load.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2108 (1) ◽  
pp. 012090
Xiaoyan Shi ◽  
Bin Wang ◽  
Shuijuan Yu

Abstract With the large-scale utilization of distributed generation in microgrid, inverter as the connection hub of new energy grid connection, directly affects the operation performance of microgrid. In order to improve the output voltage quality and load capacity of the inverter in the off-grid mode of distributed energy, the stability region of the inverter with load is analyzed by using the impedance analysis method of cascade converter and control theory. The quasi proportional resonant (QPR) double loop control is adopted to realize no static error tracking voltage while increasing bandwidth, and the influence of control parameters on performance is analyzed. At the same time, in order to improve the capacity of inverter with nonlinear load, odd harmonics are introduced into the controller to suppress the influence of low harmonics of load current on output voltage. Finally, the influence of inverter output impedance change, load level, controller parameters and filter parameters on system stability is analyzed through impedance ratio Nyquist curve, which provides corresponding theoretical support and parameter optimization reference for the design of actual system.

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