load carrying
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2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 37-45
Jimit Patel ◽  
G. M. Deheri ◽  

This paper deals with a theoretical analysis on the effect of viscosity variation on a ferrofluid based long bearing. The model of Tipei considering viscosity variation is deployed here. The magnetic fluid flow is governed by Neuringer-Rosensweig model. The pressure distribution is obtained after solving the associated Reynolds type equation, which gives the load carrying capacity. The computed results indicate that the increased load carrying capacity owing to magnetization gets negligible help from the effect of viscosity variation.

Lubricants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 12
Yuechang Wang ◽  
Abdullah Azam ◽  
Gaolong Zhang ◽  
Abdel Dorgham ◽  
Ying Liu ◽  

Experimental results have confirmed that parallel rough surfaces can be separated by a full fluid film. However, such a lift-off effect is not expected by the traditional Reynolds theory. This paper proposes a deterministic mixed lubrication model to understand the mechanism of the lift-off effect. The proposed model considered the interaction between asperities and the micro-elastohydrodynamic lubrication (micro-EHL) at asperities within parallel rough surfaces for the first time. The proposed model is verified by predicting the measured Stribeck curve taken from literature and experiments conducted in this work. The simulation results highlight that the micro-EHL effect at the asperity scale is critical in building load-carrying capacity between parallel rough surfaces. Finally, the drawbacks of the proposed model are addressed and the directions of future research are pointed out.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Hanjie Hu ◽  
Bing Du ◽  
Wenkai Jiang ◽  
Changqi Zheng ◽  
Ning Zhu ◽  

In this study, a type of tube with an open-hole AL alloy tube nested outside the CFRP tube is designed and fabricated, and the energy absorbing characteristics and failure mechanism under quasi-static axial compression are discussed. It is found that the summing tube composed of two single tubes has less energy absorption than the hybrid tube. Numerical simulation and theoretical models are used to evaluate the influence of the hybrid tube in terms of cost and weight, and it is found that under the same energy absorption, the hybrid tube has a weight reduction of 39.2% compared to the open-hole AL tube, which was 25.7% of the cost of the CFRP tube. This hybrid structure has potential as the load-carrying and energy absorption tube.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 756
Francesca Brighenti ◽  
Luca Possidente ◽  
Daniele Zonta

Most railway masonry arch bridges were designed according to codes that predate the 1950s; therefore, assessing their load-carrying capacity to comply with current codes is of the utmost importance. Nonetheless, acquiring the necessary information to conduct in-depth analyses is expensive and time consuming. In this article, we propose an expeditious procedure to conservatively assess the Load Rating Factor of masonry arch railway bridges based on a minimal set of information: the span, rise-to-span ratio, and design code. This method consists in applying the Static Theorem to determine the most conservative arch geometry compatible with the original design code; assuming this conservative geometrical configuration, the load rating factor, with respect to a different design load, is estimated. Using this algorithm, a parametric analysis was carried out to evaluate the Load Rating Factor of old arch bridges in respect of the modern freight load of the Trans-European Conventional Rail System, for different spans, rise-to-span ratios, and original design codes. The results are reported in easy-to-use charts, and summarized in simple, practical rules, which can help railway operators to rank their bridges based on capacity deficit.

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Binbin Su ◽  
Xianghe Zou ◽  
Lirong Huang

Purpose This paper aims to investigate the squeeze film lubrication properties of hexagonal patterned surface inspired by the epidermis structure of tree frog’s toe pad and numerically explore the working mechanism of hexagonal micropillar during the acquisition process of high adhesive and friction for wet contacts. Design/methodology/approach A two-dimensional elastohydrodynamic numerical model is employed for the squeezing contacts. The pressure distribution, load carrying capacity and liquid flow rate of the squeeze film are obtained through a simultaneous solution of the two-dimensional Reynolds equation and elasticity deformation equations. Findings Higher pressure is found to be longitudinally distributed across individual hexagonal pillar, with pressure peak emerging at the center of hexagonal pillar. Expanding the area density and shrinking the channel depth or initial film thickness will improve the magnitude of squeezing pressure. Relatively lower pressure is generated inside interconnected channels, which reduces the load carrying capacity of the squeeze film. Meanwhile, the introduction of microchannel is revealed to downscale the total mass flow rate of squeezing contacts. Originality/value This paper provides a good proof for the working mechanism of surface microstructures during the acquisition process of high adhesive and friction for wet contacts.

Shengye Lin ◽  
Shuyun Jiang

Abstract The support is a key factor affecting performance of face-grinding spindle. However, advantage of traditional rolling element bearing is not highlighted when it is for large-size face grinding. This technical brief aims to develop a combined support for the face-grinding spindle consisting of a water-lubricated hydrostatic thrust bearing and two types of radial rolling bearings, and the flexible rotor dynamics of the spindle with the combined support is analyzed using the modified transfer matrix method. The results show that the rotational stiffness of water-lubricated hydrostatic thrust bearing can increase the radial stiffness of the face-grinding spindle, so the small-size rolling bearings can be utilized as the radial support for the spindle by aid of such rotational stiffness. A comparative study of comprehensive performance between the spindle supported by rolling bearings and the replacement spindle designed with our proposed combined support shows that the proposed one has technical advantage of large axial load-carrying capacity, low frictional power loss, low temperature rise and etc.

Buildings ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 57
Keerthana John ◽  
Sherin Rahman ◽  
Bidur Kafle ◽  
Matthias Weiss ◽  
Klaus Hansen ◽  

Lightweight modular construction has become an increasing need to meet the housing requirements around the world today. The benefits of modular construction ranging from rapid production, consistency in quality, sustainability, and ease of use have widened the scope for the construction of residential, commercial, and even emergency preparedness facilities. This study introduces novel floor panels that can be flat-packed and built into modular housing components on-site with minimal labour and assistance. The flooring system uses hollow cellular panels made of various configurations of trapezoidal steel sheets. The structural performance of three different configurations of these hollow flooring systems as a modular component is presented in this study by analysing the failure modes, load-displacement parameters, and strain behaviour. The study confirms significant advantages of the proposed hollow floor systems, with multi-cells reporting higher load-carrying capacity. The hollow flooring system performed well in terms of structural performance and ease in fabrication as opposed to the conventional formworks and commercial temporary flooring systems. The proposed flooring system promises efficient application as working platforms or formworks in temporary infrastructural facilities and emergency construction activities.

Paolo Foraboschi

Renovation, restoration, remodeling, refurbishment, and retrofitting of build-ings often imply modifying the behavior of the structural system. Modification sometimes includes applying forces (i.e., concentrated loads) to beams that before were subjected to distributed loads only. For a reinforced concrete structure, the new condition causes a beam to bear a concentrated load with the crack pattern that was produced by the distributed loads that acted in the past. If the concentrated load is applied at or near the beam’s midspan, the new shear demand reaches the maximum around the midspan. But around the midspan, the cracks are vertical or quasi-vertical, and no inclined bar is present. So, the actual shear capacity around the midspan not only is low, but also can be substantially lower than the new demand. In order to bring the beam capacity up to the demand, fiber-reinforced-polymer composites can be used. This paper presents a design method to increase the concentrated load-carrying capacity of reinforced concrete beams whose load distribution has to be changed from distributed to concentrated, and an analytical model to pre-dict the concentrated load-carrying capacity of a beam in the strengthened state.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1048 ◽  
pp. 333-344
K. Kumar Arun ◽  
M. Muthukannan ◽  
R. Raja Abinaya ◽  
A. Kumar Suresh

On the demand of reducing the global warming due to cement production which is used as main constituent in the production of concrete and minimizing the environmental impact caused by the waste and its disposal methods, this study was aimed. This study looked in to detail insight view on effective utilization of waste wood ash in the production of geopolymer concrete beams and columns to alternate the conventional reinforced concrete elements in construction industry. Waste wood ash is a waste by product produced in the nearby hotel and factories by burning the waste wood collected from timber industries and the ash are thrown in to land which creates a major environmental pollution. Geopolymer is a novel inorganic eco-friendly binding agent derived from alkaline solution that stimulates aluminosilicate source material (such as metakaolin, fly ash and GGBS). In this research, behaviour of beams in deflection, ductility factor, flexural strength and toughness index and columns in load carrying ability, stress strain behaviour and load-deflection behaviours were examined for three types of concretes (30% WWA – 70% Fly ash Geo-polymer concrete, Fly ash Geo-polymer concrete and Reinforced Cement Concrete). The results showed that inclusion of waste wood ash in geopolymer concrete helped in enhancing the load carrying capacity of beam and column by 42% and 28%. Further, the behaviour of structural elements in stiffness, ductility and toughness were also improved with the replacement of waste wood ash.

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