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2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Meng Ding ◽  
Xiangren Yi ◽  
Peisai Yan ◽  
Daniel J. McDonough ◽  
Zan Gao ◽  
...  

Introduction: Childhood obesity has become a global public health concern in the past decade. The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of an online combination exercise intervention in improving the physical and mental health of obese children.Methods: This study adopted a one-group pre-test and post-test research design. A total of 28 obese children from 6 elementary schools in Heze City, Shandong Province, China, were recruited. All participants received an 8-week online combination exercise intervention and were tested at a three-month follow-up. Participants were tested and surveyed regarding their demographic, feasibility, and obesity indicators using mental health and quality of life questionnaires. The data were statistically analyzed using a one-way analysis of variance with repeated measures.Results: A total of 26 obese children (Meanage = 10.15 years) completed the study. The retention rate was 92.9% for the entire trial (two obese children withdrew due to their inability to exercise) and no adverse events were reported. In addition, the obese children completed 25/32 (78.1%) of the online courses. After 8 weeks of the intervention, the changes in the body fat percentage of the obese children [mean difference (MD) = –3.126, p < 0.001, Cohen’s d = –1.777], thinking dimension score (MD = 1.654, p < 0.001, Cohen’s d = 0.603), total quality of life score (MD = 6.385, p < 0.05, Cohen’s d = 0.610), and work attitude dimension score (MD = 1.346, p < 0.001, Cohen’s d = 0.744) showed significant differences compared to the baseline. However, no significant differences were identified between the post-intervention and three-month follow-up measurements (p > 0.05), and we assumed that the intervention effect was maintained three months after the intervention.Conclusion: An online combination exercise intervention is a safe and feasible option to improve the mental health and quality of life of obese children and may have long-term health benefits.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (18) ◽  
pp. 10095
Author(s):  
Marina Godinho Antunes ◽  
Pedro Ribeiro Mucharreira ◽  
Maria Rosário Texeira Justino ◽  
Joaquín Texeira-Quirós

This research study aims to study and identify which dimensions of TQM have influence on and support innovation strategies within the Portuguese small and medium enterprises (SMEs), in the context of products or services’ innovation and process innovation, as well as to analyze the extent to which this relationship occurs. To examine the linkage between TQM dimensions and innovation strategies, concerning innovation products and innovation processes, a multiple linear regression analysis was chosen and an eight-predictor multiple linear regression model was proposed. The data was collected through a questionnaire sent by email. This research study allows to conclude that several dimensions of TQM, such as benchmarking, quality/conception and product design, and continuous improvement, have a significant and positive association with product innovation. Although the data analysis/measurement of the results dimension has a significant association with product innovation, this association is negative. Conversely, several TQM dimensions, such as leadership/management’s commitment, benchmarking, involvement/empowerment of employees, and continuous improvement, revealed a positive and significant association with process innovation. Our research is of crucial importance for the knowledge of Portuguese SMEs and the fundamental factors that companies must address to both improve their efficiency and be more competitive, thereby increasing profitability and ensuring financial sustainability in the medium and long term.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Wendy Barron ◽  
Elaine Gifford ◽  
Peter Knight ◽  
Helen Rainey

PurposeThis paper provides an overview of an improvement project that explored whether the implementation of IoRN2, a validated freely available tool designed for any health or social care professional to use, resulted in improved conversations across professions within an integrated rehabilitative reablement service.Design/methodology/approachA qualitative descriptive evaluative approach was applied underpinned by quality improvement Lean and Total Quality Management (TQM) to capture perceptions, variables and IoRN2 value-add. Professionals' (N = 8) across Nursing, Allied Health Professions, Social Work, Quality Improvement and Support Workers participated in one-to-one semi-structured <1 h interviews. Recurring themes and experiences were identified.FindingsIoRN2 improved collaborative conversations. The evaluation of the tool demonstrated greatest impact when all professionals were IoRN2 trained. Participants, regardless of profession, believed that their conversations, professional relationships and outcomes improved when using IoRN2. When differing judgments arose with colleagues who were not IoRN2 trained, fear and tension emerged around trust, cultural manners and power play causing disconnects. Incorporating IoRN2 led to psychologically safe environments where trust, confidence and motivation to explore new creative conversations enhanced strength-based outcomes and helped to generate transformational change.Research limitations/implicationsThe small sample size offered transferable learning worthy of larger future study. The project lead was also the reablement service manager, which may have generated unintended influence.Originality/valueIoRN2 has the potential to improve how HSC professionals converse, acting as a catalytic tool for system-level integration, transformation and sustainable improvement.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Fatemh Saki ◽  
Hashem Mohamadian ◽  
Fataneh GhorbanyJavadpour ◽  
Maria Cheraghi

Abstract Backgrounds: Quality of life related to oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14) is one of the important dimensions of quality of life. Since using narcotics or stimulants increases the incidence of periodontal diseases, we aimed to determine impact of Oral health-related quality of life in narcotic or stimulant addicts who referred to maintenance methadone therapy (MMT) centers in Ahvaz City, Iran.Methods: It was descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study which has conducted on 187 narcotic and stimulant addicts who referred to MMT centers in Ahvaz city; 2020. The data collection tools included the demographic variables and the standard OHIP-14 questionnaires. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and LMS test were run at the significance level of less than 0.05. Results: The mean and standard deviation of the participants' age was 36.03 ± 8.98 years. The quality-of-life scores related to oral health were 34.89 ± 6.50 totally as well as 37.37 and 33.96 in narcotic and stimulant addicts, respectively. The total quality of life related to OHIP-14 did not have a significant relationship with variables of age, life companions, level of education, number of children, economic status, employment status, insurance status, underlying disease, toothbrush use status, last dentist visit, and number of missing teeth (P> 0.05). However, a significant difference was found between the quality of life related to oral health based on the type of substance used (narcotic or stimulant), so that the mean quality of life related to oral health was higher in narcotic addicts than stimulant users (P <0.05). Conclusion: The quality of life related to OHIP-14 was more unfavorable in stimulant users than narcotic users. So, policy makers and authorities are required to focus their interventions and research programs to improve health-related quality of life in addicts, especially stimulant users.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (18) ◽  
pp. 9998
Author(s):  
Esen Sucuoğlu ◽  
Gülümser Erdem

This paper addresses the evaluations of administrators and teachers working in primary schools of sustainable strategic planning practices in schools and their perceptions of the effectiveness of total quality management (TQM) practices. This study followed the quantitative research approach and was limited to primary schools in Ankara, Turkey. A face-to-face survey was conducted, and 400 responses were obtained from administrators and teachers working in primary schools. The hypothesis was tested using path analysis. The findings confirm that strategic planning practices in schools make a significant contribution to enhancing the perception of the effectiveness of TQM practices. The findings of the study and their implications are expected to benefit the development of primary schools in Turkey.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Naga Vamsi Krishna Jasti ◽  
V. Venkateswaran ◽  
Srinivas Kota ◽  
Kuldip Singh Sangwan

PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to analyze the evolution of total quality management (TQM) models, frameworks, and tools and techniques in higher education (HE) over the last thirty years from 1991 till 2020, based on a literature reviewDesign/methodology/approach30 articles from 52 journals were used to perform this detailed literature review. For the detailed analysis, the focus was only on articles related to TQM in higher education and specifically related to models, frameworks and tools and techniques. The study has investigated the growth of research articles, research streams, research methodologies, models and frameworks in the higher education sector and tools and techniques related to those.FindingsThis review addresses the progress and gaps in the application of TQM in HE, including the shift in global research in this area from the USA and Europe to Asia in recent years. The articles have been classified into four research methodologies and two research streams which have been reviewed in detail. The findings include reasons for multiple models/frameworks in HE proposed by researchers over the years and the importance of tools and techniques used in TQM implementation.Originality/valueThis study, which tries to bring a perspective to the main trends in TQM application to higher education wrt models, frameworks, tools and techniques over the last thirty years, is expected to add to the body of knowledge in this area and help future researchers to focus on the relevant areas identified in this paper.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Pratima Verma ◽  
Vimal Kumar ◽  
Ankesh Mittal ◽  
Pardeep Gupta ◽  
Sung Chi Hsu

PurposeThis study aims to identify SHRM (strategic human resource management) essential practices for the TQM (total quality management) program regarding an Indian tire manufacturing company and formulate an inclusive interrelationship to prioritize them.Design/methodology/approachSemistructured interview with ten experts from the company was made to give SHRM practices scores. The SLR (systematic literature review) and TOPSIS (technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution) techniques are used to establish the model for 12 key practices and rank them afterward.FindingsThe findings clearly show that strategic planning and staffing, teamwork and leadership development have appeared as the top three essential practices. Simultaneously, performance measurement and evaluation, work design and analysis and promotion are identified as the bottom three practices. These essential practices are identified as contributing attributes.Practical implicationsThe findings prioritize the SHRM practices as contributing attributes that help other tire manufacturing industries identify their key practices. Moreover, it provides the necessary inputs comprised of ten experts' decisions to become more active and well prepared.Originality/valueThe novelty of this study is to identify the key practices by using SLR and measured by the TOPSIS method to rank and consider a tire manufacturing company as a case-based approach to gain high productivity and competitive advantage.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 97-124
Author(s):  
Jennifer Wesly ◽  
◽  
Veren Kristiana ◽  
Tommy Bong ◽  
Nopriadi Saputra ◽  
...  

Abstract Purpose: This study aimed to determine the influence of digital leadership, total quality management, and knowledge management on companies’ sustainability management in DKI Jakarta. Research methodology: The sampling technique used in this research is the convenience sampling technique. It used primary data through questionnaire distribution with 389 respondents of employees who work in DKI Jakarta. As for the data analysis technique, this research used the regression technique in both simple and multiple regression. Results: The results of this study indicate that digital leadership and knowledge management have a significant influence on the sustainability management of companies in DKI Jakarta. Meanwhile, total quality management does not have a significant influence on the sustainability management of companies in DKI Jakarta Limitations: This study only examines the variables of digital leadership, total quality management, knowledge management, and sustainability management. This research is also limited to employees who work at companies in DKI Jakarta. Contribution: This study shows how the level of digital leadership, total quality management, knowledge management, and sustainability management in companies in DKI Jakarta. This study also shows how digital leadership, total quality management, and knowledge management affect sustainability management. Companies can use this research to improve the company’s sustainability management by implementing digital leadership, knowledge management and paying more attention to the importance of developing total quality management within the company.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Naga Vamsi Krishna Jasti ◽  
V. Venkateswaran ◽  
Srinivas Kota

PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to analyze the evolution of Total Quality Management (TQM) in terms of barriers, customers and accreditation in higher education (HE) over the last three decades (1991–2020) using literature review to establish the current state.Design/methodology/approachA total of 137 articles across 55 journals were consolidated for this review specifically focused on TQM (barriers, customers and accreditation) in HE. The investigations were carried out to identify the chronological growth of articles, research streams and methodologies. The articles were classified based on four research approaches and three research streams which have been reviewed in detail.FindingsConsidering the rapid growth in the HE sector and the concerns over reduction in quality of education especially in developing countries, the importance of TQM in HE is immense. The findings include identification of the barriers to successful TQM implementation, the need for alignment of TQM objectives of higher educational institutions (HEIs) and identified target customer(s) with the selected model/framework and the impact of accreditation/certification in the attainment of TQM.Originality/valueThis study which tries to bring a perspective to the main trends in TQM application to HE with respect to barriers, customers and accreditation over the last three decades is expected to add to the body of knowledge in this area and help future researchers to focus on the relevant areas identified in this paper.


2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (3) ◽  
pp. 662-677
Author(s):  
Teuku Roli Ilhamsyah Putra ◽  
◽  
Mukhlis Yunus ◽  
Teuku Hafiz Fakhreza ◽  
◽  
...  

This study aims to prove the role of Total Quality Management (TQM) and organizational commitment in supporting the achievement of company operational performance. The population was all Convection SMEs in the city of Banda Aceh, consisted of 294 Convection SMEs. The sample was selected using a proportional sampling technique where sampling considers elements or categories in the study population. The sample taken was 15% of the population. One respondent represented one unit of SMEs, so the sample has amounted to 169 respondents. Data was collected using questionnaires. The model was analyzed with the Structural Equation Model Analysis. The result showed an influence between TQM on Organizational Commitment, TQM on Company Operational Performance, and Organizational Commitment on Company Operational Performance. This study also found that organizational commitment can act as a partial mediator to strengthen the effect of TQM on Company operational performance. The interesting issue in this study lies in the discussion of the organizational commitment to solving the inconsistency problems in the quality of convection production in SMEs. Furthermore, the other researchers can provide more concepts and variables to enrich this research model, like other mediators for TQM to achieve performance or even the commitment that can strengthen the TQM and performance. The model also can be a reference for practitioners to set their strategy in further, to go more productive.


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