Dialdehyde Starch
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Xinyi Chen ◽  
Antonio Pizzi ◽  
Bengang Zhang ◽  
Xiaojian Zhou ◽  
Emmanuel Fredon ◽  

2021 ◽  
pp. 2100178
Zhenbiao Li ◽  
Xiaojuan Wang ◽  
Jincheng Miao ◽  
Lei Xing ◽  
Shufen Zhang

2021 ◽  
pp. 118159
Noor Hidayah Abd Rahman ◽  
Nardiah Rizwana Jaafar ◽  
Nur Arbainah Shamsul Annuar ◽  
Roshanida A. Rahman ◽  
Abdul Munir Abdul Murad ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (4) ◽  
Olugbenga O. Oluwasina ◽  
Bolaji P. Akinyele ◽  
Sunday J. Olusegun ◽  
Olayinka O. Oluwasina ◽  
Nelcy D. S. Mohallem

AbstractThe adverse environmental effects of petroleum-based packaging plastics have necessitated the need for eco-friendly bioplastics. Most bioplastics are starch-based and are not without drawbacks, hence there is the need for their properties to be improved. In this study, the effect of varying concentrations of dialdehyde starch and silica solutions on the physical, mechanical, biodegradable, surface topology, and thermal properties of the bioplastic films was examined. The additive concentrations were varied from 60 to 100%. The bioplastic films produced with dialdehyde starch solution recorded better moisture content (6.62–11.85%), bioplastic film solubility (4.23–7.90%), and tensile strength (1.63–3.06 MPa), against (11.24–14.26%), (7.77–19.27%) and (0.53–0.73 MPa) respectively for bioplastic films produced with silica solution. The atomic force microscopy analysis; root-mean-square roughness, kurtosis, and skewness revealed better miscibility and compatibility between the starch matrix and the dialdehyde solution than between the starch matrix and the silica solution. Bioplastic with added dialdehyde starch solution has better tensile strength and long biodegradability than that with silica solution. The research has demonstrated that bioplastic film produced with starch and dialdehyde starch solution has better properties than the one produced with starch and silica solution. The properties evaluation results of the bioplastic films thus demonstrated their aptness for food packaging applications. Graphic abstract

Cigdem Kilicarislan Ozkan ◽  
Hasan Ozgunay

Dialdehyde starches with different aldehyde content from native corn starch were prepared by sodium periodate oxidation to be used as a tanning agent in leather making. For this purpose, native corn starch was oxidized with sodium metaperiodate in different molar ratios. After oxidation processes, the yields, solubility in water and aldehyde contents of the obtained dialdehyde starches were determined as well as structure characterizations by Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Gel Permeation Chromatography. Evaluating the gel permeation chromatography data, the dialdehyde starch samples which were thought to be in appropriate molecular weight/size to penetrate into skin fibers were selected to be used in the tanning process. Their tanning abilities were evaluated by investigating hydrothermal stabilities, filling and fiber isolation characteristics and physical properties determined by mechanical tests and organoleptically. From the evaluation of the results, it was revealed that sodium metaperiodate oxidized starches which have appropriate molecular weight and adequate aldehyde content has a remarkable tanning effect and can be utilized as a tanning agent with the advantages of not necessitating pickling process which means saving time and simplifying the production but more importantly offering an important advantage from an environmental point of view.

2021 ◽  
Vol 37 (1) ◽  
pp. 103-108
Le Thi Bich Nguyet ◽  
Vinh Tien Nguyen

In this study, dialdehyde starch (DAS) was prepared by oxidizing corn starch using potassium periodateas the oxidant.The aldehyde contentsin DAS weredetermined using titration with hydroxylamine and were found proportional to the molar ratio of KIO4:C6H10O5.Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to confirm the breakage of the bond between C2 and C3in anhydroglucose units and the formation of -CHO group in DAS. X-ray diffractometry showed a decrease in crystallinity of starch after periodate oxidation. Thermogravimetric analysis showed reduced thermal stability of DASin comparison with the native starch. The prepared DAS was blended with gelatin to form films by casting method. Increasing aldehyde contents in DAS from 0 to 12.2% resulted in decreased moisture contents, solubility in water, and the swelling capacity of gelatin-DAS films. The value of tensile strength and elongation at break of the gelatin-DAS films rose when the aldehyde content was low (0-3.5%), but declined when the aldehyde content was high (3.5-12.2%). Slight periodate oxidation is, therefore, an effective way to enhance the mechanical characteristics of blend films from DAS and other biopolymers.

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