Packaging Industry
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2021 ◽  
pp. 1-17
Kunal Singha ◽  
Baburaj Regubalan ◽  
Pintu Pandit ◽  
Subhankar Maity ◽  
Shakeel Ahmed

Coatings ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (11) ◽  
pp. 1423
Nor Izaida Ibrahim ◽  
Farah Syazwani Shahar ◽  
Mohamed Thariq Hameed Sultan ◽  
Ain Umaira Md Shah ◽  
Syafiqah Nur Azrie Safri ◽  

Each year, more than 330 million tons of plastic are produced worldwide. The main consumers of plastics are the packaging (40%), building (20%) and automotive (8%) industries, as well as for the manufacture of household appliances. The vast majority of industrial plastics are not biodegradable and, therefore, create environmental problems due to the increase in the amount of solid waste. Studies have been conducted to produce biodegradable materials such as bioplastics to overcome this environmental problem. Bioplastics are defined as materials that are bio-based, biodegradable, or both; they can provide excellent biodegradability and can be used to help alleviate environmental problems. Therefore, this article presents an overview of the introduction of bioplastic materials and classifications, and a comprehensive review of their drawbacks and areas of importance, including basic and applied research, as well as biopolymer mixtures and biocomposites developed in the last decade. At the same time, this article provides insights into the development of bioplastics research to meet the needs of many industries, especially in the packaging industry in Malaysia. This review paper also focuses generally on bioplastic packaging applications such as food and beverage, healthcare, cosmetics, etc.

2021 ◽  
Vol 915 (1) ◽  
pp. 012003
A Nechai ◽  
A Krvavych ◽  
R Konechna

Abstract This article provides information on the expansion of the base of vegetable raw material used in the packaging industry. During literature research the following criteria were considered: biodegradability, cheapness, availability, a sprouting area, an impact of used materials on condition of other industries. Plant-derived polysaccharides are contemplated as a source of biodegradable substances. The main subjects of research are plants with medicinal properties, invasive, technical and agricultural crops. The process for producing polysaccharide-based films was also examined. The possibility of introducing technologies into production was assessed. Conclusions are based on the impact of all stages of the process (collection, recycling, receiving and reusing) on the environment. Cogeneration technologies, pharmaceutical wastes and biotechnological biomass cultivation methods usage are taken into account to obtain efficient production.

2021 ◽  
pp. 118876
Nazila Oladzadabbasabadi ◽  
Abdorreza Mohammadi Nafchi ◽  
Fazilah Ariffin ◽  
M.M. Jeevani Osadee Wijekoon ◽  
A.A. Al-Hassan ◽  

Polymers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (21) ◽  
pp. 3651
Karolina Gzyra-Jagieła ◽  
Konrad Sulak ◽  
Zbigniew Draczyński ◽  
Stepan Podzimek ◽  
Stanisław Gałecki ◽  

Plastic products, especially in the packaging industry, have become the main commodities penetrating virtually every aspect of our lives. Unfortunately, their omnipresence is not neutral to the natural environment. Pollution in the form of microplastics is a global problem. Therefore, green technologies that enter into the circular economy become an important topic. As part of the research work, the modification of poly(lactic acid) has been studied for use in the packaging industry. Due to its intrinsic rigidity, plasticizing substances had to be introduced in PLA in order to improve its plastic deformability. Both high-molecular compounds such as ethoxylated lauryl alcohol, block copolymer of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide, and ethoxylated stearic acid as well as low-molecular compounds such as di-2-ethylhexyl adipate, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate, and triethyl citrate were used. The samples extruded from plasticized polymers were characterized using differential scanning calorimetry, thermal gravimetric analysis, and mechanical properties including Young’s modulus. The melt flow rate (MFR) and molar mass distribution were determined. For all modified samples the glass transition temperature, depending on the plasticizer used, was shifted towards lower values compared to the base polymer. The best result was obtained for di-2-ethylhexyl adipate (ADO) and di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate (SDO). The elongation at break increased significantly for ADO at about 21%. The highest elongation was obtained for SDO (about 35%), although it obtained a higher glass temperature. The degradation of the polymer was not observed for both plasticizers. For these plasticizers (ADO and SDO) it also lowered Young’s module by about 26%, and at the infrared spectrum deformation of peaks were observed, which may indicate the interaction of the ester carbonyl group of PLA with plasticizers. Therefore it can be concluded that they are good modifiers. The selected plasticizers that are used in the production of food contact materials, in particular in the production of PVC (polyvinyl chloride) food films, also exhibited great potential to be applied to PLA food films, and exhibit better properties than the citrate, which are indicated in many publications as PLA plasticizers.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (20) ◽  
pp. 11402
Michela Rimano ◽  
Alberto Simboli ◽  
Raffaella Taddeo ◽  
Michele Del Grosso ◽  
Andrea Raggi

This article presents and discusses a pilot test concerning the environmental impacts assessment of organizations. The study was conducted in a production site of a world leading group in the plastic packaging industry. The purpose was to deepen the knowledge of the methodologies currently available and also of the benefits and the difficulties related to their practical implementation. The analysis was conducted in the period 2018–2019, in line with ISO 14044 and ISO/TS 14072 standards and therefore inspired by the organizational life cycle assessment (O-LCA) procedures and standards. The O-LCA test application has proved useful in detecting a number of environmental hotspots usually not detected by other life cycle based approaches, on which the organization should focus to undertake improvement actions, both internal and external (e.g., the category “employees commuting”). The experience gained in the production site under study also led to the replication of the assessment approach to other facilities around the world and for informing corporate sustainability reporting activities (e.g., Global Reporting Initiative and Carbon Disclosure Project reporting standards). Such results can provide methodological and practical insights to both scholars and practitioners in that field of activities.

2021 ◽  
pp. 73-89
Dorijan Naletina

In the packaging industry, disruptions occurring in the supply chain can impact all the segments and have huge consequences on the operations conducted by the distributors. We are witnesses of an unprecedented crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. It has influenced all layers of the society and forced us to make changes and adjustments to our every-day routine, regulations, economy. Disruptions can undermine the stability of the supply chain, causing business losses. Therefore, identifying the impact of different disruptions on the supply chain is crucial. Here, a timely and quick reaction is of great importance. The current pandemic has caused many disruptions in the industry and has impacted all parts of the supply chains in ways that have not been yet recorded, therefore making it even harder for the companies to respond to new challenges. The changes have not skipped the packaging industry, forcing the manufacturers to rethink their strategies and the consumers to change their views of a safe and reliable product. With the economic expansion, the demand for flexible packaging and has been growing. There are many advantages to flexible packaging. Besides the fact that it creates less environmental impact, it also requires fewer resources compared to traditional packaging production. Disruptions in the supply chains of the flexible packaging industry are one of the major economic concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic, and therefore the topic of this paper. Since the companies in the industry are in desperate need for a new approach regarding risk management and building business resilience, some strategies for overcoming the challenges of the crisis on the flexible packaging market have been presented here.

Deky Aryanto ◽  
Sawarni Hasibuan

The manufacturing industry in general cannot be separated from the role of the plastic industry. In Indonesia, there are 925 companies that produce various kinds of plastic products for the food and beverage industry, automotive industry, pharmaceutical industry and other industries. Companies are faced with challenges to improve their supply chain competitiveness, while plastic packaging companies generally do not have a comprehensive performance measurement framework in their supply chains. The purpose of this research is to select and determine the level of importance of the Key Performance Indicator (KPI) for measuring the supply chain performance of the plastic packaging industry using the SCOR and AHP framework. In the initial stage, 45 KPIs were identified, from the results of expert validation, 29 KPIs were distributed to the dimensions of reliability, responsiveness, flexibility, cost, and assets. At the level 1 hierarchy the greatest level of importance is generated in the dimensions of reliability (A1), asset management (E1), responsiveness (B1), cost (D1), and flexibility (C1) with weights of 0.262, 0.209, respectively. 0.191, 0.175, and 0.163. The largest distribution of KPIs is on the reliability dimension, namely 32%, followed by the cost dimension of 16%, 12% responsiveness, flexibility and asset management have the same distribution, namely 4%. Based on the results of weighting using the AHP method, a supply chain performance measurement framework is recommended in the case of the plastic packaging industry.

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