privacy protection
Recently Published Documents


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

3266
(FIVE YEARS 1688)

H-INDEX

51
(FIVE YEARS 22)

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (3) ◽  
pp. 1-21
Author(s):  
Tongguang Ni ◽  
Jiaqun Zhu ◽  
Jia Qu ◽  
Jing Xue

Edge/fog computing works at the local area network level or devices connected to the sensor or the gateway close to the sensor. These nodes are located in different degrees of proximity to the user, while the data processing and storage are distributed among multiple nodes. In healthcare applications in the Internet of things, when data is transmitted through insecure channels, its privacy and security are the main issues. In recent years, learning from label proportion methods, represented by inverse calibration (InvCal) method, have tried to predict the class label based on class label proportions in certain groups. For privacy protection, the class label of the sample is often sensitive and invisible. As a compromise, only the proportion of class labels in certain groups can be used in these methods. However, due to their weak labeling scheme, their classification performance is often unsatisfactory. In this article, a labeling privacy protection support vector machine using privileged information, called LPP-SVM-PI, is proposed to promote the accuracy of the classifier in infectious disease diagnosis. Based on the framework of the InvCal method, besides using the proportion information of the class label, the idea of learning using privileged information is also introduced to capture the additional information of groups. The slack variables in LPP-SVM-PI are represented as correcting function and projected into the correcting space so that the hidden information of training samples in groups is captured by relaxing the constraints of the classification model. The solution of LPP-SVM-PI can be transformed into a classic quadratic programming problem. The experimental dataset is collected from the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) transcription polymerase chain reaction at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein in Brazil. In the experiment, LPP-SVM-PI is efficiently applied for COVID-19 diagnosis.


2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (7) ◽  
pp. 1-16
Author(s):  
Zhiqiang Xu ◽  
Dong Xiang ◽  
Jialiang He

This paper aims to study the protection of data privacy in news crowdfunding in the era of artificial intelligence. This paper respectively quotes the encryption algorithm of artificial intelligence data protection and the BP neural network prediction model to analyze the data privacy protection in news crowdfunding in the artificial intelligence era. Finally, this paper also combines the questionnaire survey method to understand the public’s awareness of privacy. The results of this paper show that artificial intelligence can promote personal data awareness and privacy, improve personal data and privacy measures and methods, and improve the effectiveness and level of privacy and privacy. In the analysis, the survey found that male college students only have 81.1% of the cognition of personal trait information, only 78.5% of network trace information, and only 78.3% of female college students’ cognition of personal credit.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Author(s):  
Guofeng Zhang ◽  
Xiao Chen ◽  
Bin Feng ◽  
Xuchao Guo ◽  
Xia Hao ◽  
...  

Blockchain provides new technologies and ideas for the construction of agricultural product traceability system (APTS). However, if data is stored, supervised, and distributed on a multiparty equal blockchain, it will face major security risks, such as data privacy leakage, unauthorized access, and trust issues. How to protect the privacy of shared data has become a key factor restricting the implementation of this technology. We propose a secure and trusted agricultural product traceability system (BCST-APTS), which is supported by blockchain and CP-ABE encryption technology. It can set access control policies through data attributes and encrypt data on the blockchain. This can not only ensure the confidentiality of the data stored in the blockchain, but also set flexible access control policies for the data. In addition, a whole-chain attribute management infrastructure has been constructed, which can provide personalized attribute encryption services. Furthermore, a reencryption scheme based on ciphertext-policy attribute encryption (RE-CP-ABE) is proposed, which can meet the needs of efficient supervision and sharing of ciphertext data. Finally, the system architecture of the BCST-APTS is designed to successfully solve the problems of mutual trust, privacy protection, fine-grained, and personalized access control between all parties.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Author(s):  
Jiawen Du ◽  
Yong Pi

With the advent of the era of big data, people’s lives have undergone earth-shaking changes, not only getting rid of the cumbersome traditional data collection but also collecting and sorting information directly from people’s footprints on social networks. This paper explores and analyzes the privacy issues in current social networks and puts forward the protection strategies of users’ privacy data based on data mining algorithms so as to truly ensure that users’ privacy in social networks will not be illegally infringed in the era of big data. The data mining algorithm proposed in this paper can protect the user’s identity from being identified and the user’s private information from being leaked. Using differential privacy protection methods in social networks can effectively protect users’ privacy information in data publishing and data mining. Therefore, it is of great significance to study data publishing, data mining methods based on differential privacy protection, and their application in social networks.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yongfeng Huang ◽  
Chuhan Wu ◽  
Fangzhao Wu ◽  
Lingjuan Lyu ◽  
Tao Qi ◽  
...  

Abstract Graph neural network (GNN) is effective in modeling high-order interactions and has been widely used in various personalized applications such as recommendation. However, mainstream personalization methods rely on centralized GNN learning on global graphs, which have considerable privacy risks due to the privacy-sensitive nature of user data. Here, we present a federated GNN framework named FedGNN for both effective and privacy-preserving personalization. Through a privacy-preserving model update method, we can collaboratively train GNN models based on decentralized graphs inferred from local data. To further exploit graph information beyond local interactions, we introduce a privacy-preserving graph expansion protocol to incorporate high-order information under privacy protection. Experimental results on six datasets for personalization in different scenarios show that FedGNN achieves 4.0%~9.6% lower errors than the state-of-the-art federated personalization methods under good privacy protection. FedGNN provides a novel direction to mining decentralized graph data in a privacy-preserving manner for responsible and intelligent personalization.


Author(s):  
Manxiang Yang ◽  
Baopeng Ye ◽  
Yuling Chen ◽  
Tao Li ◽  
Yixian Yang ◽  
...  

AbstractK-anonymity has been gaining widespread attention as one of the most widely used technologies to protect location privacy. Nevertheless, there are still some threats such as behavior deception and service swing, since utilizing distributed k-anonymity technology to construct an anonymous domain. More specifically, the coordinate of the honest node will be a leak if the malicious nodes submit wrong locations coordinate to take part in the domain construction process. Worse still, owing to service swing, the attacker increases the reputation illegally to deceive honest nodes again. To overcome those drawbacks, we propose a trusted de-swinging k-anonymity scheme for location privacy protection. Primarily, we introduce a de-swinging reputation evaluation method (DREM), which designs a penalty factor to curb swinging behavior. This method calculates the reputation from entity honesty degree, location information entropy, and service swing degree. Besides, based on our proposed DREM, a credible cloaking area is constructed to protect the location privacy of the requester. In the area, nodes can choose some nodes with a high reputation for completing the construction process of the anonymous domain. Finally, we design reputation contracts to calculate credit automatically based on smart contracts. The security analysis and simulation results indicate that our proposed scheme effectively resists malicious attacks, curbs the service swing, and encourages nodes to participate honestly in the construction of cloaking areas.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Parvaneh Nowbakht ◽  
Lilian O'Sullivan ◽  
Fiona Cawkwell ◽  
David P. Wall ◽  
Paul Holloway

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document