birth outcomes
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2022 ◽  
Vol 160 ◽  
pp. 107052
Kokeb Tesfamariam ◽  
Alemayehu Argaw ◽  
Giles T. Hanley-Cook ◽  
Seifu H. Gebreyesus ◽  
Patrick Kolsteren ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Bo Huang ◽  
Shunyuan Zheng ◽  
Bingxin Ma ◽  
Yongle Yang ◽  
Shengping Zhang ◽  

Abstract Background Recently, the combination of deep learning and time-lapse imaging provides an objective, standard and scientific solution for embryo selection. However, the reported studies were based on blastocyst formation or clinical pregnancy as the end point. To the best of our knowledge, there is no predictive model that uses the outcome of live birth as the predictive end point. Can a deep learning model predict the probability of live birth from time-lapse system? Methods This study retrospectively analyzed the time-lapse data and live birth outcomes of embryos samples from January 2018 to November 2019. We used the SGD optimizer with an initial learning rate of 0.025 and cosine learning rate reduction strategy. The network is randomly initialized and trained for 200 epochs from scratch. The model is quantitively evaluated over a hold-out test and a 5-fold cross-validation by the average area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results The deep learning model was able to predict live birth outcomes from time-lapse images with an AUC of 0.968 in 5-fold stratified cross-validation. Conclusions This research reported a deep learning model that predicts the live birth outcome of a single blastocyst transfer. This efficient model for predicting the outcome of live births can automatically analyze the time-lapse images of the patient’s embryos without the need for manual embryo annotation and evaluation, and then give a live birth prediction score for each embryo, and sort the embryos by the predicted value.

2022 ◽  
Hаng Nguyеn ◽  
Kien Le ◽  
My Nguyеn

Abstract: Thе purposе of this study is to sее if Haitian mothеrs with grеatеr lеvеls of еducation producе hеalthiеr infants (N=20,308). According to thе findings, Haitian mothеrs with a highеr еducational lеvеl had hеalthiеr infants than Haitian mothеrs with a lowеr еducational lеvеl. In tеrms of statistics, onе additional еducation yеar in Haiti is linkеd to a 13.6053 gram risе in Haitian birth wеight and a 0.38 pеrcеntagе point rеduction in Haitian low birth wеight risk.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Christine Kim ◽  
Pahriya Ashrap ◽  
Deborah J. Watkins ◽  
Bhramar Mukherjee ◽  
Zaira Y. Rosario-Pabón ◽  

Background/Aim: The association between heavy metal exposure and adverse birth outcomes is well-established. However, there is a paucity of research identifying biomarker profiles that may improve the early detection of heavy metal-induced adverse birth outcomes. Because lipids are abundant in our body and associated with important signaling pathways, we assessed associations between maternal metals/metalloid blood levels with lipidomic profiles among 83 pregnant women in the Puerto Rico PROTECT birth cohort.Methods: We measured 10 metals/metalloid blood levels during 24–28 weeks of pregnancy. Prenatal plasma lipidomic profiles were identified by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry-based shotgun lipidomics. We derived sums for each lipid class and sums for each lipid sub-class (saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated), which were then regressed on metals/metalloid. False discovery rate (FDR) adjusted p-values (q-values) were used to account for multiple comparisons.Results: A total of 587 unique lipids from 19 lipid classes were profiled. When controlling for multiple comparisons, we observed that maternal exposure to manganese and zinc were negatively associated with plasmenyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (PLPE), particularly those containing polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) chains. In contrast to manganese and zinc, arsenic and mercury were positively associated with PLPE and plasmenyl-phosphatidylcholine (PLPC).Conclusion: Certain metals were significantly associated with lipids that are responsible for the biophysical properties of the cell membrane and antioxidant defense in lipid peroxidation. This study highlighted lipid-metal associations and we anticipate that this study will open up new avenues for developing diagnostic tools.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0261895
Meron Admasu Wegene ◽  
Negeso Gebeyehu Gejo ◽  
Daniel Yohannes Bedecha ◽  
Amene Abebe Kerbo ◽  
Shemsu Nuriye Hagisso ◽  

Introduction There is substantial body of evidence that portrays gap in the existing maternal and child health continuum of care; one is less attention given to adolescent girls and young women until they get pregnant. Besides, antenatal care is too late to reduce the harmful effects that a woman’s may have on the fetus during the critical period of organogenesis. Fortunately, preconception care can fill these gaps, enhance well-being of women and couples and improve subsequent pregnancy and child health outcomes. Therefore, the main aim of the current study was to assess preconception care utilization and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care clinics of public health facilities in Hosanna town. Methods A facility based cross-sectional study design was carried out from July 30, 2020 to August 30, 2020. Data were collected through face-to-face interview among 400 eligible pregnant women through systematic sampling technique. Epi-data version 3.1 and SPSS version 24 was used for data entry and analysis respectively. Both bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify association between dependent and independent variables. Crude and adjusted odds ratio with respective 95% confidence intervals was computed and statistical significance was declared at p-value <0.05. Result This study revealed that 76 (19%, 95% Cl (15.3, 23.2) study participants had utilized preconception care. History of family planning use before the current pregnancy (AOR = 2.45; 95% Cl (1.270, 4.741), previous history of adverse birth outcomes (AOR = 3.15; 95% Cl (1.650, 6.005), poor knowledge on preconception care (AOR = 0.18; 95% Cl (0.084, 0.379) and receiving counseling on preconception care previously (AOR = 2.82; 95% Cl (1.221, 6.493) were significantly associated with preconception care utilization. Conclusions The present study revealed that nearly one-fifth of pregnant women have utilized preconception care services. History of family planning use before the current pregnancy, previous history of adverse birth outcomes, poor knowledge on preconception care and receiving counseling on preconception care previously were significantly associated with preconception care utilization. Integrating preconception care services with other maternal neonatal child health, improving women’s/couples knowledge & strengthening counseling services is pivotal.

2022 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Alina Pelikh ◽  
Ken R. Smith ◽  
Mikko Myrskylä ◽  
Alice Goisis

2022 ◽  
Claudius Vincenz ◽  
Zachary Dolo ◽  
Serou Saye ◽  
Jennie Lovett ◽  
Richard W. Lieberman ◽  

Abstract BackgroundMalaria in Mali remains a primary cause of morbidity and mortality, with women at high risk during pregnancy for placental malaria (PM). We evaluated risk for PM and its association with birth outcomes in a rural to urban longitudinal cohort on the Bandiagara Escarpment and the District of Bamako. MethodsWe collected placental samples (N = 317) from 249 mothers who were participants in our longitudinal cohort study. A placental pathologist and research assistant evaluated the samples by histology in blinded fashion to assess PM infection stage and parasite density. We used generalized estimating equations (GEE) to model the odds of PM infection.ResultsPregnancies in Bamako, beyond secondary education, births in the rainy season (instead of the hot dry season), births in later years of the study, and births to women who had > 3 doses of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) instead of no doses of SP were associated with reduced odds of experiencing PM (active and past infections combined). We found improved birth outcomes (+ 285 g birth weight, + 2 cm birth length, + 75 g placental weight) for women who had > 3 doses of SP compared to no doses, but did not detect a difference in birth weight or length for women who had 2 instead of > 3 SP doses. However, at 2 instead of > 3 doses placentas were 36 g lighter and the odds of low birth weight (< 2500 g) were 14% higher. Severe parasite densities were significantly associated with decreases in birth weight, birth length, and placental weight, as were chronic PM infections. The women who received no SP during pregnancy (7% of the study total) were younger and lacked primary school education. The women who received ≥ 3 doses of SP came from more affluent families.ConclusionsWomen who received no doses of SP during pregnancy experienced the most disadvantageous birth outcomes in both Bamako and on the Bandiagara Escarpment. Such women tended to be younger and to have had no primary school education. Targeting such women for antenatal care, which is the setting at which SP is most commonly administered in Mali, will have a more positive impact on public health than focusing on the increment from two to three doses of SP.

2022 ◽  
Vol 80 (1) ◽  
Muktar Abadiga ◽  
Getu Mosisa ◽  
Reta Tsegaye ◽  
Adugna Oluma ◽  
Eba Abdisa ◽  

Abstract Background Adverse birth outcome is a common health problem consisting of several health effects involving pregnancy and the newborn infant. Infants with one or more adverse birth outcomes are at greater risk for mortality and a variety of health and developmental problems. Factors such as the age of the mother, antepartum hemorrhage, history of abortion, gestational age, anemia, and maternal undernutrition have predisposed the mother to adverse birth outcome. For appropriate prevention of the adverse birth outcomes, data pertaining to determinants of adverse birth outcomes are important. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess the determinants of adverse birth outcomes among women who give birth in public hospitals of western Ethiopia. Methods An institutional-based unmatched prospective case-control study was conducted from February 15 to April 15, 2020, in selected public hospitals of western Ethiopia. From mothers who gave birth in public hospitals of Wollega zones, 165 cases and 330 controls were selected. Mothers with adverse birth outcomes were cases and mothers without adverse birth were controls. Data was collected by structured interviewer-administered questionnaires. In addition to the interview, the data collectors abstracted clinical data by reviewing the mother and the babies’ medical records. The collected data were entered into Epi info version 7 and exported to SPSS version 21 for analysis. Finally, multivariable logistic regression was used to identify determinants of adverse birth outcomes at P-value < 0.05. Results A total of 495 mothers (165 cases and 330 controls) were included in the study with a mean age of 28.48 + 5.908. Low ANC visit (AOR = 3.92: 95% CI; 1.86, 8.2), premature rupture of membrane (AOR = 2.83: 95% CI; 1.72,4.64), being Anemic (AOR = 2: 95% CI; 1.16,3.44), pregnancy induced-hypertension (AOR = 2.3:95% CI; 1.4,3.85), not getting dietary supplementation (AOR = 2.47:95% CI; 1.6,3.82), and physical abuse (AOR = 2.13: 95% CI; 1.05,4.32) were significantly associated with the development of the adverse birth outcome. Conclusion Low antenatal care visit, being anemic, premature rupture of membrane, pregnancy-induced hypertension, not getting dietary supplementation, and physical abuse were determinants of adverse birth outcomes. The clinicians should play a pivotal role to improve antenatal care follow up, counsel, and supplement recommended diets and minimize violence and abuse during pregnancy.

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