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2022 ◽  
Vol 63 ◽  
pp. 39-45
Evalotte Mörelius ◽  
Ailsa Munns ◽  
Stephanie Smith ◽  
Helen J. Nelson ◽  
Anne McKenzie ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 305-308
Tamma Nisrina Lutfi ◽  
Adhana Riyadani Putri W ◽  
Aurel Syania Prabowo ◽  
Daris Agharid ◽  
Hayati Aulia Maharani ◽  

Stunting is a developmental disorder experienced by children due to poor nutrition, recurrent infections, and inadequate psychosocial stimulation. In Jember Regency, the number of stunting cases increased from 2018 to 2019. In addition, restrictions on activities during the COVID-19 pandemic, such as nutrition services at Integrated Healthcare Center, can hamper access to consumption and nutrition and child health services. Therefore, education about stunting is urgently needed to implement appropriate parenting patterns in the mids of limited activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Jember community service program was carried out online in the form of a webinar activity that was attended by 30 participants. This study is a quantitative analytic research using a one-group pretest-posttest design. Data that have been analyzed are presented descriptively. There is a significant effect on the pretest and posttest scores in the webinar. It means an increase in participants' understanding after online education is carried out. It is hoped that the people of Jember Regency can apply knowledge about the importance of the first 1000 days of life to prevent stunting.

I Gusti Ngurah Edi Putra ◽  
Thomas Astell-Burt ◽  
Dylan P. Cliff ◽  
Stewart A. Vella ◽  
Xiaoqi Feng

2022 ◽  
Vol 38 (3) ◽  
Zhuanji Fang ◽  
Huale Zhang ◽  
Shuisen Zheng ◽  
Lingling Weng ◽  
Jianying Yan

Objectives: To investigate the indications of obstetric emergency hysterectomy and analyze the clinical effects of subtotal hysterectomy and total hysterectomy. Methods: We included 247 hospitalized women who had undergone abdominal hysterectomy due to obstetric reasons in Fujian Province Maternity and Child Health Hospital (a provincial class-A hospital) and Ningde People’s Hospital (a primary Class-B hospital) between January 2002 and December 2018. We identified surgical indications and clinical characteristics of the patients. Furthermore, the patients from Fujian Provincial Maternity and Child Health Hospital were subdivided into subtotal hysterectomy group and total hysterectomy group to examine general operation conditions, and postoperative complications. Results: The main surgical indications for emergency obstetric hysterectomy in Fujian Maternity and Child Health Hospital were placental implantation (49.6%) and uterine weakness (31.9%), while uterine weakness (37.5%) was the most important indication in Ningde People’s Hospital. No differences were found in operation time, hospitalization time, intraoperative blood loss, postpartum blood loss, and intraoperative fresh frozen plasma transfusion between the subtotal hysterectomy group and the total hysterectomy group. Postoperative test parameters, including postoperative prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time (TT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), hemoglobin (HGB), and hematocrit (HCT), were not significantly different between the two groups. No significant difference was noted in postoperative vesicoureteral injury, pelvic hematoma, infection, and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) incidence, but renal failure incidence was different (P=0.040). Conclusion: The treatment effect of subtotal hysterectomies for the cases without placenta accreta and placenta previa was similar in the two hospitals. There is no statistically significant difference in therapeutic effect between total hysterectomy and subtotal hysterectomy. doi: How to cite this:Fang Z, Zhang H, Zheng S, Weng L, Yan J. A retrospective analysis of emergency hysterectomy intervention strategy in obstetrics. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(3):---------. doi: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0262688
Sunday A. Adedini ◽  
Sunday Matthew Abatan ◽  
Adesoji Dunsin Ogunsakin ◽  
Christiana Alake Alex-Ojei ◽  
Blessing Iretioluwa Babalola ◽  

Context Considering the persistent poor maternal and child health outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), this study undertook a comparative analysis of the timing and adequacy of antenatal care uptake between women (aged 20–24 years) who married before age 18 and those who married at age 18 or above. Method Data came from Demographic and Health Surveys of 20 SSA countries. We performed binary logistic regression analysis on pooled data of women aged 20–24 (n = 33,630). Results Overall, the percentage of child brides in selected countries was 57.1%, with the lowest prevalence found in Rwanda (19.1%) and the highest rate in Chad (80.9%). Central and West African countries had the highest prevalence of child marriage compared to other sub-regions. Bivariate results indicate that a lower proportion of child brides (50.0%) had 4+ ANC visits compared to the adult brides (60.9%) and a lower percentage of them (34.0%) initiated ANC visits early compared to the adult brides (37.5%). After controlling for country of residence and selected socio-economic and demographic characteristics, multivariable results established significantly lower odds of having an adequate/prescribed number of ANC visits among women who married before age 15 (OR: 0.63, CI: 0.57–0.67, p<0.001), and women who married at ages 15–17 (OR: 0.81, CI: 0.75–0.84, p<0.001) compared to those who married at age 18+. Similar results were established between age at first marriage and timing of first ANC visit. Other interesting results emerged that young women who married earlier than age 18 and those who married at age 18+ differ significantly by several socio-economic and demographic characteristics. Conclusion Efforts to improve maternal and child health outcomes in SSA must give attention to address the underutilization and late start of antenatal care uptake among child brides.

2022 ◽  
Chalachew Bekele ◽  
Delayehu Bekele ◽  
Bezawit Hunegnaw ◽  
Kimiko Van Wickle ◽  
Fanos Ashenafi ◽  

Introduction: Ethiopia registered its first case of COVID-19 on March 13, 2020. We aimed to assess maternal, newborn, and child health care (MNCH) utilization during the first six months of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as potential barriers and enablers of service utilization from health care providers and clients. Methods: Mixed study design was conducted as part of the Birhan Health and Demographic Surveillance System in Ethiopia. The trend of service utilization during the first six months of COVID-19 was compared to corresponding time and data points of the preceding year. Result: Service utilization of new family planning visits (43.2 to 28.5/month, p = 0.014) and sick under five child visits (225.0 to 139.8/month, P = 007) declined during the initial six months of the pandemic compared to the same period in the preceding year. Antenatal and postnatal care visits, facility delivery rates, and child routine immunization visits also decreased although this did not reach statistical significance. Interviews with health care providers and clients highlighted several barriers to service utilization during COVID-19, including fear of disease transmission, economic hardship, and transport service disruptions and restrictions. Enablers of service utilization included communities' decreased fear of COVID-19, and awareness-raising activities. Conclusion: Provision of essential MNCH services is crucial to ascertain favorable maternal and child health outcomes. In low- and middle-income country settings like Ethiopia, health systems might be fragile to withstand the caseloads and priority setting due to the pandemic. Our study presents early findings on the utilization of MNCH services that were maintained except sick child and new family planning visits. Government leaders, policy makers, and clinicians who wish to improve the resilience of their health system will need to continuously monitor service utilization and clients' evolving concerns during the pandemic to prevent increases in maternal and child morbidity and mortality.

H. W. Harmsen van der Vliet-Torij ◽  
A. A. Venekamp ◽  
H. J. M. van Heijningen-Tousain ◽  
E. Wingelaar-Loomans ◽  
J. Scheele ◽  

Abstract Purpose There has been increasing awareness of perinatal health and organisation of maternal and child health care in the Netherlands as a result of poor perinatal outcomes. Vulnerable women have a higher risk of these poor perinatal outcomes and also have a higher chance of receiving less adequate care. Therefore, within a consortium, embracing 100 organisations among professionals, educators, researchers, and policymakers, a joint aim was defined to support maternal and child health care professionals and social care professionals in providing adequate, integrated care for vulnerable pregnant women. Description Within the consortium, vulnerability is defined as the presence of psychopathology, psychosocial problems, and/or substance use, combined with a lack of individual and/or social resources. Three studies focussing on population characteristics, organisation of care and knowledge, skills, and attitudes of professionals regarding vulnerable pregnant women, were carried out. Outcomes were discussed in three field consultations. Assessment The outcomes of the studies, followed by the field consultations, resulted in a blueprint that was subsequently adapted to local operational care pathways in seven obstetric collaborations (organisational structures that consist of obstetricians of a single hospital and collaborating midwifery practices) and their collaborative partners. We conducted 12 interviews to evaluate the adaptation of the blueprint to local operational care pathways and its’ embedding into the obstetric collaborations. Conclusion Practice-based research resulted in a blueprint tailored to the needs of maternal and child health care professionals and social care professionals and providing structure and uniformity to integrated care provision for vulnerable pregnant women.

Akifumi Eguchi ◽  
Kenichi Sakurai ◽  
Midori Yamamoto ◽  
Masahiro Watanabe ◽  
Aya Hisada ◽  

Maternal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) during pregnancy is associated with a low birth weight; however, the congener-specific effects of PCB congeners are not well defined. In this study, we used maternal serum samples from the Chiba Study of Mother and Child Health (C-MACH) cohort, collected at 32 weeks of gestational age, to analyze the effects of PCB congener exposure on birth weight by examining the relationship between newborn birth weight and individual PCB congener levels in maternal serum (n = 291). The median total PCB level in the serum of mothers of male and female newborns at approximately 32 weeks of gestation was 39 and 37 ng g−1 lipid wt, respectively. The effect of the total PCB levels and the effects of PCB congener mixtures were analyzed using a linear regression model and a generalized weighted quantile sum regression model (gWQS). The birth weight of newborns was significantly associated with maternal exposure to PCB mixtures in the gWQS model. The results suggest that exposure to PCB mixtures results in low newborn birth weight. However, specific impacts of individual PCB congeners could not be related to newborn birth weight.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 133-149
Kartika Purwaningtyas

Child marriage in Indonesia is the highest in the world. According to the Central Bureau of Statistics recorded 1.220.990 girls in Indonesia were married before 18. This article uses literature research to describe the impact of child marriage and policymakers' strategic steps and efforts to curb the high rate of child marriage in Indonesia. Early marriage leads to a vicious cycle of low educational attainment, domestic violence, health, maternal and child health, high maternal mortality, and poverty. As marriage ages, regulation has been changing as a strategy to reduce child marriage. Unfortunately, there is no specific regulation of the marriage dispensation, which creates a gap in the number of weddings and the regulatory aspects of strategic efforts, providing women with immediate access to education, health, and work. Ensuring fair and equitable access between men and women is carried out to the maximum extent from a gender perspective in development policies strategies in Indonesia.

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