thermodynamic variable
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2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Meiling Xu ◽  
Yinwei Li ◽  
Yanming Ma

Pressure, a fundamental thermodynamic variable, can generate two essential effects on materials. First, pressure can create new high-pressure phases via modification of the potential energy surface. Second, pressure can produce...


Soft Matter ◽  
2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Andrea Scotti

The volume occupied by colloids in a suspension - namely the volume fraction - is the thermodynamic variable that determines the phase behavior of these systems. While for hard incompressible...


Nanomaterials ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 10 (12) ◽  
pp. 2471
Author(s):  
Rodrigo de Miguel ◽  
J. Miguel Rubí

We review and show the connection between three different theories proposed for the thermodynamic treatment of systems not obeying the additivity ansatz of classical thermodynamics. In the 1950s, Landsberg proposed that when a system comes into contact with a heat bath, its energy levels are redistributed. Based on this idea, he produced an extended thermostatistical framework that accounts for unknown interactions with the environment. A decade later, Hill devised his celebrated nanothermodynamics, where he introduced the concept of subdivision potential, a new thermodynamic variable that accounts for the vanishing additivity of increasingly smaller systems. More recently, a thermostatistical framework at strong coupling has been formulated to account for the presence of the environment through a Hamiltonian of mean force. We show that this modified Hamiltonian yields a temperature-dependent energy landscape as earlier suggested by Landsberg, and it provides a thermostatistical foundation for the subdivision potential, which is the cornerstone of Hill’s nanothermodynamics.


Author(s):  
Grigory Volovik

The thermodynamics of black holes is discussed for the case, when the Newton constant G is not a constant, but is the thermodynamic variable. This gives for the first law of the Schwarzschild black hole thermodynamics: d S BH = − A d K + d M T BH , where the gravitational coupling K = 1 / 4 G , M is the black hole mass, A is the area of horizon, and T BH is Hawking temperature. From this first law it follows that the dimensionless quantity M 2 / K is the adiabatic invariant, which in principle can be quantized if to follow the Bekenstein conjecture. From the Euclidean action for the black hole it follows that K and A serve as dynamically conjugate variables. This allows us to calculate the quantum tunneling from the black hole to the white hole, and determine the temperature and entropy of the white hole.


Eos ◽  
2018 ◽  
Vol 99 ◽  
Author(s):  
Lei Zhou

A method for estimating potential spicity, a thermodynamic variable in oceanography, provides a new way to describe contrasts in watermass properties.


2018 ◽  
Vol 27 (04) ◽  
pp. 1850048
Author(s):  
Xudong Meng ◽  
Ruihong Wang

We study the thermodynamic properties of the black hole derived in Hořava–Lifshitz (HL) gravity without the detailed-balance condition. The parameter [Formula: see text] in the HL black hole plays the same role as that of the electric charge in the Reissner–Nordström-anti-de Sitter (RN-AdS) black hole. By analogy, we treat the parameter [Formula: see text] as the thermodynamic variable and obtain the first law of thermodynamics for the HL black hole. Although the HL black hole and the RN-AdS black hole have the similar mass and temperature, due to their very different entropy, the two black holes have very different thermodynamic properties. By calculating the heat capacity and the free energy, we analyze the thermodynamic stability of the HL black hole.


Author(s):  
Samuel Amstutz ◽  
Nicolas Van Goethem

In this paper, a novel model for elasto-plastic continua is presented and developed from the ground up. It is based on the interdependence between plasticity, dislocation motion and strain incompatibility. A generalized form of the equilibrium equations is provided, with as additional variables, the strain incompatibility and an internal thermodynamic variable called incompatibility modulus, which drives the plastic behaviour of the continuum. The traditional equations of elasticity are recovered as this modulus tends to infinity, while perfect plasticity corresponds to the vanishing limit. The overall nonlinear scheme is determined by the solution of these equations together with the computation of the topological derivative of the dissipation, in order to comply with the second principle of thermodynamics.


2015 ◽  
Vol 24 (11) ◽  
pp. 1550092
Author(s):  
Hernando Quevedo ◽  
María N. Quevedo ◽  
Alberto Sánchez

In this paper, we investigate a class of spherically symmetric Born–Infeld black holes which contains the mass, electric charge, Born–Infeld parameter and the cosmological constant as physical parameters. We show that for the mass to be an extensive thermodynamic variable, it is necessary to consider the cosmological constant and the Born–Infeld parameter as thermodynamic variables as well. We analyze the properties of such a thermodynamic system, explore the range of values where the system is thermodynamically well-defined, and the phase transition structure. In addition, we show that the equilibrium manifold in the context of geometrothermodynamics reproduces correctly the thermodynamic properties of this black hole class.


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