gold leaching
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Minerals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 89
Wenjuan Li ◽  
He Shang ◽  
He Zhou ◽  
Yongsheng Song ◽  
Shuilin Zheng ◽  

The present work investigated the comparison of the effects of Na2SO3 and Na2SiO3 on thiourea stabilization, and a systematic study was undertaken to establish the effects of these stabilizers on the stability of alkaline thiourea, both qualitatively and quantitatively. The effects of these stabilizers on the activation energy of alkaline thiourea gold leaching was also studied. The results showed that sodium silicate was more suitable as a stabilizer in this system than sodium sulfite because the peak current of gold dissolution with sodium sulfite was higher than that with sodium silicate, but the inhibition of thiourea decomposition by the former was less obvious than that of sodium silicate in the cyclic voltammetry curve. The quartz crystal microbalance results showed that the quality decreased to about 100 ng cm2 in the presence of a stabilizer, while it increased to 300 ng cm2 in the absence of the stabilizer. It is inferred that gold can be dissolved by alkaline thiourea in the presence of a stabilizer, while it cannot without a stabilizer because of the decomposition of thiourea. This assumption was confirmed by atomic force microscopy measurements. The surface activation energy of Au dissolution decreased from 183.76 to 98.07 kJ/moL with the addition of sodium silicate, indicating that Au dissolution was promoted with the chemical.

2022 ◽  
Vol 962 (1) ◽  
pp. 012058
A G Sekisov ◽  
T G Konareva ◽  
A Yu Lavrov ◽  
V Yu Burov ◽  
E S Emirziadi

Abstract The article deals with the data of theoretical and experimental studies of the processes of activation gold leaching using reactive peroxide carbonate compounds, obtained by electrophotochemical treatment of solutions of initial reagents of the corresponding composition, in the composition of reagent complexes. The obtained results of the experiments on the interaction of various carbonate and peroxide-carbonate compounds with sodium cyanide in the process of mixing activated and non-activated solutions with aqueous cyanide solutions in different order definitely prove that supramolecular percarbonate-cyanide compounds are being formed in them. It has been established that these activated solutions, prepared on the basis of the initial hydrocarbonate ones, contain metastable compounds that provide a higher rate of gold extraction from crude minerals than standard aqueous cyanic solutions of the same initial concentration.

Minerals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (11) ◽  
pp. 1251
Ziyuan Liu ◽  
Jue Kou ◽  
Yi Xing ◽  
Chunbao Sun ◽  
Peng Liu ◽  

The issue of poor aeration efficiency and low oxygen transfer in the heap leaching of gold has gained considerable attention. In this study, ozone ice was studied as an oxygen release reagent in the cyanide heap leaching of gold at a low temperature of approximately 5 °C, owing to its effective oxidation and clean and green properties. Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation (QCM-D) was used to monitor the effect of different ratios of cyanide and oxygen concentrations on the gold leaching rate. The results showed that the leaching rate doubled when the dissolved oxygen (DO) was increased from 8.2 mg/L to 12 mg/L at a relatively high cyanide concentration of 60 mg/L. The release of oxygen during the process of ozone ice melting was analyzed by simulating the oxygen-deficient condition of the ore heap in column leaching. In the first stage of ice melting, the DO in the solution increased dramatically, and the rate of increase improved with increased initial ozone concentration in the ice. In the second stage of ice melting, the rate of increase in the DO of the solution was not significantly affected by the initial ozone concentration in the ice; this was consistent with the decomposition rate of ozone. The addition of ozone ice containing 300 mg/L ozone increased the gold extraction by 4.1% in the ore column leaching experiment, compared to a column with no ozone ice. However, continuously increasing the ozone concentration up to 600 mg/L had no further significant effect, because the dissolved oxygen in the leaching solution reached saturation. The results facilitate a better understanding of the decomposition law of ozone in the melting process of ozone ice and help to improve the oxygen deficit state in gold leaching heaps.

2021 ◽  
Vol 31 (11) ◽  
pp. 3506-3529
Feng XIE ◽  
Jun-nan CHEN ◽  
Jian WANG ◽  

Minerals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (8) ◽  
pp. 834
Ka Yu Cheng ◽  
Caroline C. Rubina Rubina Acuña ◽  
Naomi J. Boxall ◽  
Jian Li ◽  
David Collinson ◽  

Bio-oxidation of refractory sulfidic gold minerals has been applied at the commercial scale as a pre-treatment to improve gold yields and reduce chemical consumption during gold cyanidation. In this study, the effect of initial cell concentration on the oxidation of pyritic gold ore was evaluated with four aerated bioreactors at 30 °C with 10% pulp density and pH maintained at 1.4 with NaOH. Results of NaOH consumption and changes in soluble Fe and S concentrations indicated that increasing the initial cell concentration from 2.3 × 107 to 2.3 × 1010 cells mL−1 enhanced pyrite oxidation during the first week. However, by day 18 the reactor with the lowest initial cell concentration showed profound performance enhancement based on soluble Fe and S concentrations, sulfide-S and pyrite contents in the residues, and subsequent gold leaching of the bio-oxidation residues by cyanidation. Overall, the results showed that the cell concentration was clearly beneficial during the initial stages of oxidation (first 7–8 days).

ACS Omega ◽  
2021 ◽  
Atefeh Azizitorghabeh ◽  
Harshit Mahandra ◽  
Juliana Ramsay ◽  
Ahmad Ghahreman

Kholmahmad I. Kholov ◽  
Nasim T. Sharifboev ◽  
Shonavruz R. Samikhov ◽  
Sherzod R. Dzhurakulov ◽  
Mahjuba S. Zarifova

The article discusses four alternative cyanide substitutes for the recovery of gold from ores and concentrates. Cyanide has been the premier gold leach reagent for over 100 years due to its high recovery, low cost and reliability. However, environmental damage from improper management has led to widespread research aimed at identifying and developing less toxic leaching agents. The article discusses the most widely researched cyanide substitutes, but it is clear that none of them has yet made any significant incursion into the dominance of cyanide as the preferred reagent in the vast majority of gold mines around the world

2021 ◽  
pp. 138752
Yan Zhang ◽  
Futing Zi ◽  
Xianzhi Hu ◽  
Zhen Chen ◽  
Peng Yang ◽  

Minerals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (6) ◽  
pp. 580
Kanjana Kudpeng ◽  
Parinda Thayanukul ◽  
Paitip Thiravetyan

The aims of this work were to study the gold leaching by the isolated bacteria from silicate ore. Three strains were isolated and identified as Macrococcus caseolyticus, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, and Bacillus sp. MBEA40. However, only M. caseolyticus and A. calcoaceticus were capable of gold bioleaching. In order to examine only the effect of microorganisms involved in the gold bioleaching process, minimal medium and ethanol mineral salt medium without amino acids were used for culturing M. caseolyticus and A. calcoaceticus, respectively. The result showed that the growth supernatant (in the absence of microorganisms) of both strains might be more suitable to leaching gold from ore than leaching by microorganisms (in the presence of microorganisms) directly. This might be due to the fact that there is no interference of gold absorption and metal toxicity in microorganisms in the long-term operation. The result also confirmed that amino acids/peptides/proteins produced by microorganisms might be involved in gold bioleaching, as shown in the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) results. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) study also found that amine groups and carboxylic groups played important roles in gold bioleaching by M. caseolyticus and A. calcoaceticus. In addition, the bioleaching process had significantly higher gold leaching than mixed pure amino acids due to the growth supernatant containing mixed amino acids/peptides/proteins and other compounds. Therefore, the growth supernatant of M. caseolyticus and A. calcoaceticus can be applied in gold bioleaching under neutral pH conditions, which is considered to be a safe, not corrosive, and environmentally friendly leaching process. This study is also needed further study in order to increase the percentage of gold bioleaching and decrease times.

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