colorectal surgery
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2022 ◽  
Vol 272 ◽  
pp. 175-183
Anh Thu Tran ◽  
Elsie Rizk ◽  
Eric M. Haas ◽  
George Naufal ◽  
Lixian Zhong ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Hanyang Lin ◽  
Zhaohui Bai ◽  
Fanjun Meng ◽  
Yanyan Wu ◽  
Li Luo ◽  

BackgroundPatients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be at risk of developing portal venous system thrombosis (PVST) with worse outcomes. This study aims to explore the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors of PVST among patients with IBD.MethodsPubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched. All the eligible studies were divided according to the history of colorectal surgery. Only the prevalence of PVST in patients with IBD was pooled if the history of colorectal surgery was unclear. The incidence of PVST in patients with IBD after colorectal surgery was pooled if the history of colorectal surgery was clear. Prevalence, incidence, and risk factors of PVST were pooled by only a random-effects model. Subgroup analyses were performed in patients undergoing imaging examinations. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% CIs were calculated.ResultsA total of 36 studies with 143,659 patients with IBD were included. Among the studies where the history of colorectal surgery was unclear, the prevalence of PVST was 0.99, 1.45, and 0.40% in ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD), and unclassified IBD, respectively. Among the studies where all the patients underwent colorectal surgery, the incidence of PVST was 6.95, 2.55, and 3.95% in UC, CD, and unclassified IBD after colorectal surgery, respectively. Both the prevalence and incidence of PVST became higher in patients with IBD undergoing imaging examinations. Preoperative corticosteroids therapy (OR = 3.112, 95% CI: 1.017–9.525; p = 0.047) and urgent surgery (OR = 1.799, 95% CI: 1.079–2.998; p = 0.024) are significant risk factors of PVST in patients with IBD after colorectal surgery. The mortality of patients with IBD with PVST after colorectal surgery was 4.31% (34/789).ConclusionPVST is not rare, but potentially lethal in patients with IBD after colorectal surgery. More severe IBD, indicated by preoperative corticosteroids and urgent surgery, is associated with a higher risk of PVST after colorectal surgery. Therefore, screening for PVST by imaging examinations and antithrombotic prophylaxis in high-risk patients should be actively considered.Systematic Review RegistrationRegistered on PROSPERO, Identifier: CRD42020159579.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 168-174
Sidharth Sraban Routray

Background: Transmuscular Quadratus Lumborum Block (TQLB) is a newer modality for postoperative pain management. But, its efficacy after laparoscopic colorectal surgery is little researched. The aim of our trial was to access the analgesic efficacy of TQLB in colorectal surgery.Methods:This study was done in 64 patients posted for colorectal surgery who were divided into two groups of 32 each. TQLB was given bilaterally in group RQ with 20 ml of 0.375% ropivacaine and in group SQ with 20 ml saline. Patients were operated under general anesthesia and were examined for pain at different time points postoperatively. Time required for first analgesic demand was our primary endpoint. Secondary endpoints were total rescue analgesia (paracetamol) required in 24 hrs, pain scores, nausea, vomiting, sedation and any other complications.Results:The time required for first analgesic demand was 3.9± 0.8hrs in RQ group and 0.1± 0.2 hrs in group SQ which was statistically significant. The total paracetamol consumption in 24 hours was1.2± 0.4 gm in group RQ and 2.9± 0.7gm in group SQ ,the difference being remarkable.Conclusion:Transmuscular quadratus lumborum block can produce quality analgesia after laparoscopic colorectal surgery. TQLB not only improves the visual analogue scale (VAS) score but also decreases the rescue analgesic consumption without any complications.

Carla F. Justiniano ◽  
Adan Z. Becerra ◽  
Anthony Loria ◽  
Zhaomin Xu ◽  
Christopher T. Aquina ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 368
Wojciech Polom ◽  
Marcin Migaczewski ◽  
Jaroslaw Skokowski ◽  
Maciej Swierblewski ◽  
Tomasz Cwalinski ◽  

Introduction: Image-guided surgery is becoming a new tool in colorectal surgery. Intraoperative visualisation of different structures using fluorophores helps during various steps of operations. In our report, we used two fluorophores—indocyanine green (ICG), and methylene blue (MB)—during different steps of colorectal surgery, using one camera system for two separate near-infrared wavelengths. Material and methods: Twelve patients who underwent complex open or laparoscopic colorectal surgeries were enrolled. Intravenous injections of MB and ICG at different time points were administered. Visualisation of intraoperative ureter position and fluorescent angiography for optimal anastomosis was performed. A retrospective analysis of patients treated in our departments during 2020 was performed, and data about ureter injury and anastomotic site complications were collected. Results: Intraoperative localisation of ureters with MB under fluorescent light was possible in 11 patients. The mean signal-to-background ratio was 1.58 ± 0.71. Fluorescent angiography before performing anastomosis using ICG was successful in all 12 patients, and none required a change in position of the planned colon resection for anastomosis. The median signal-to-background ratios was 1.25 (IQR: 1.22–1.89). Across both centres, iatrogenic injury of the ureter was found in 0.4% of cases, and complications associated with anastomosis was found in 5.5% of cases. Conclusions: Our study showed a substantial opportunity for using two different fluorophores in colorectal surgery, whereby the visualisation of one will not change the possible quantification analysis of the other. Using two separate dyes during one procedure may help in optimisation of the fluorescent properties of both dyes when using them for different applications. Visualisation of different structures by different fluorophores seems to be the future of image-guided surgery, and shows progress in optical technologies used in image-guided surgery.

2022 ◽  
Mohammed A. Adam ◽  
Alaa A. Salih ◽  
Abubaker E.A Koko ◽  
Sami Altalib ◽  
Ali Yasen Yasen MohamedAhmed ◽  

Abstract Background: Colorectal surgery is reported to have significant effects on patients, both physically and psychologically. On other hand, infections are found to be a major risk factor in Sudan and Sub-Saharan Africa such as intestinal Schistosoma colitis, especially those presenting with sigmoid colonic adenocarcinoma.Aim of the study: To assess the quality of life of patients after colorectal cancer surgery and the effect of the stoma on their life.Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional hospital-based study was done at Soba University Hospital. A sample of 72 patients with colorectal cancer who had undergone colorectal surgery was fully covered and interviewed using the SF-36 Quality of life standard questionnaire.Results: The total sample was 72 with a mean age of 51.1 ± 14.6 years. 79% were married, 70% were working, with free business being the most encountered occupation (36.1%). However, only 48.6% were still employed at the time of surgery. Regarding the mental health component, there was a significant difference in social functioning domain mean scores between patients who were employed and unemployed patients. Where the physical functioning and role physical domains were found to differ significantly with the different educational attainment of patients. Patients who did not undergo radiation therapy reported higher mean scores of role limitation due to physical problems, compared to patients who received radiation therapy.Conclusion: Our result found the quality of life was affected negatively in terms of the level of pain and presence of colostomy with sexual activity affection but the other parameters were not strongly affected.

Hernia ◽  
2022 ◽  
C. Stabilini ◽  
M.A. Garcia-Urena ◽  
F. Berrevoet ◽  
D. Cuccurullo ◽  
S. Capoccia Giovannini ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Zhennan Xiao ◽  
Bo Long ◽  
Zeji Zhao

Background and Objectives. Opioids are essential in pain management after laparoscopic colorectal surgery while large dose may induce constipation and pneumonia. Ample evidence has demonstrated that postoperative analgesia can improve sleep quality. But the effects of improvement in sleep quality on postoperative pain have yet to be determined. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of improving preoperative sleep quality by zolpidem on intraoperative analgesia and postoperative pain. Methods. A prospective, randomized study was conducted with 88 patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. The experimental group (S group, n = 44) was given 10 mg of zolpidem tartrate one night before the surgical procedure, while no medication was given to the control group (C group, n = 44). The primary outcome was the intraoperative remifentanil consumption. Sufentanil consumption, average patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) effective press times, the visual analog scale (VAS) scores, and incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) were recorded at 6 h (T1), 12 h (T2), and 24 h (T3) postoperatively. Results. The intraoperative remifentanil consumption was significantly lower in the S group than that in the C group ( p < 0.01 ). Sufentanil consumption at 6 h and 12 h postoperatively was significantly lower in the S group than that in the C group ( p < 0.05 ); average PCA effective press times and VAS scores, at 6 h and 12 h postoperatively, were significantly lower in the S group than those in the C group ( p < 0.01 ); differences between groups 24 h postoperatively were not significant. No significant between-group difference was noted in the incidence of nausea and vomiting. Conclusion. Improving patients’ sleep quality the night before surgical procedure by zolpidem can decrease the usage of intraoperative analgesics and reduce postoperative pain.

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