immunohistochemical study
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Oral Oncology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 125 ◽  
pp. 105680
João Figueira Scarini ◽  
Bruno Augusto Linhares Almeida Mariz ◽  
Reydson Alcides de Lima-Souza ◽  
Luccas Lavareze ◽  
Carolina Emerick ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 27-29
V. S. Botasheva ◽  
N. A. Stadnik ◽  
A. B. Kubanova ◽  
N. I. Samoilov

An experimental model of hypothyroidism was obtained by thyroidectomy. The operation was carried out on 57 sexually mature male rats weighing 250–300 g. The experiment lasted 45 days. Laboratory animals were removed from the experiment on days 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th, 35th and 45th. As a control, 15 rats were used that were not operated on. For histological examination, pieces of rat myocardium were taken from the left and right ventricles. The pieces were fixed in 10% buffered formalin for 10 days. Histological sections were prepared in a standard manner. Sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, picrofuchsin according to van Gieson, toluidine blue, according to Mallory. Results of the study: In the myocardium of rats, hemodynamic disorders, edema, hydropic degeneration of cardiomyocytes, myocytolysis, fragmentation of muscle fibers, colliquation necrosis, compression and atrophy of muscle fibers were found. An immunohistochemical study revealed a decrease in the expression of desmin and sarcomeric actin.

João Carvão ◽  
Carlota Vida ◽  
Luís Resende ◽  
Francisca Silva ◽  

Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare condition defined by an overproduction of fibro-inflammatory tissue in the retroperitoneum, usually involving the abdominal aorta, but also managing to invade adjacent structures. We report a case of a 47-year-old female patient with an atypical radiological presentation of retroperitoneal fibrosis, involving predominantly the right kidney. Ultimately, the diagnosis was performed by an immunohistochemical study that identified IgG4+ plasmocytes after kidney nephrectomy, also known as Ormond’s disease. There are no universal guidelines for the treatment of retroperitoneal fibrosis, due to its rarity and lack of randomized controlled trials comparing different therapeutic strategies.

2022 ◽  
Vol 24 (5) ◽  
pp. 448-455
A. Yu. Tokmakova ◽  
E. A. Kogan ◽  
E. L. Zaitseva ◽  
S. A. Demura ◽  
N. V. Zharkov ◽  

Background: Diabetic neuroosteoarthropathy is a serious disabling complication of diabetes mellitus, which, in the absence of timely correct treatment, can lead to high amputations of the affected limb. At present, the reasons and mechanism of the development of Charcot’s foot are not completely clear. It is extremely important to determine the pathophysiological mechanisms of DNOAP formation and to search for reliable markers-predictors of this pathology.Aim: To study the immunohistochemical characteristics of the bone tissue of the lower extremities in patients with diabetic neuroosteoarthropathy in comparison with patients with diabetes mellitus without this pathology.Materials and methods: During the foot surgery, a bone fragment of the foot was harvested for immunohistochemical study of receptor markers for PINP, PIIINP, and RAGE in the group of patients with DNOAP compared with the control group.Results: The study included 20 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and were divided into 2 groups: 10 patients with DNOAP made up group 1, 10 patients without DNOAP — group 2.Patients in both groups were comparable in AGE, experience with type 2 diabetes, and glycemic control.During the immunohistochemical study, a significant increase in the staining intensity of receptor markers for PINP, PIIINP, and AGE was recorded in the group of patients with DNOAP compared with the control group (p <0.05).Conclusion: For the first time, an immunohistochemical study of markers of bone resorption and AGE was carried out in persons with DNOAP. The results obtained indicate impaired collagen formation and, as a consequence, impaired bone formation and bone resorption in patients with DNOAP: in group 1, a statistically significant increase in the expression of PINP, PIIINP, and RAGE was revealed.

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