high gain observer
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Automatica ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 135 ◽  
pp. 109977
Dhrubajit Chowdhury ◽  
Yasir K. Al-Nadawi ◽  
Xiaobo Tan

Jing Lei

Abstract In this paper, a high-gain observer with nonlinear output is designed. The scaled estimation error system is constructed with a passive function based on the nonlinear output function and a strictly positive real transfer function of boundary-layer system. The ultimate boundedness and exponential stability of the estimation error for the global and regional two cases are demonstrated, as long as high-gain observer's decay rate is fast enough. For the regional case, due to the restriction on the passive function, the estimation error has a region of attraction which is a subset of the intersection of a positively invariant compact set and the strip coming from the restriction. The extended results under passivity of the output function and strictly positive realness of the transfer function are presented. The performance recovery property of the output feedback using high-gain observer with nonlinear output is validated. Some examples are applied in the simulation to illustrate the proposed results in this paper.

2021 ◽  
Vol 106 (1) ◽  
pp. 631-655
M. Farza ◽  
A. Ragoubi ◽  
S. Hadj Saïd ◽  
M. M’Saad

AbstractThis paper provides a redesigned version of the Standard High Gain Observer (SHGO) to cope with the peaking phenomenon occurring during the transient periods as well as the sensitivity to high frequency measurement noise. The observer design is performed for a class of uniformly observable systems with noise free as well as noisy output measurements and the resulting observer is referred to as Non Peaking Filtered High Gain Observer (NPFHGO). The NPFHGO shares the same structure as its underlying SHGO and differs only by its corrective term which is still parameterized by a unique positive scalar up to an appropriate expression involving nested saturations. Of a fundamental interest, the power of the scalar parameter does not exceed one unlike in the case of the SHGO where this power grows from 1 to the system dimension. Moreover, it is shown that the equations of the NPFHGO become identical to those of the SHGO after a transient time horizon that can made arbitrarily small for sufficiently high values of the design parameter. A particular emphasis is put on the case of systems with noisy output measurements. It is shown how a multiple integrator of the corrupted outputs can be cascaded with the original system leading to an augmented system included in the class of systems for which the NPFHGO has been designed. The performance and main properties of the NPFHGO are highlighted and compared to those of its underlying SHGO through simulation results involving a single link robot arm system.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (8) ◽  
pp. e0256049
Nadia Sultan ◽  
Asif Mahmood Mughal ◽  
Muhammad Najam ul Islam ◽  
Fahad Mumtaz Malik

Sit-to-stand movement (STS) is a mundane activity, controlled by the central-nervous-system (CNS) via a complex neurophysiological mechanism that involves coordination of limbs for successful execution. Detailed analysis and accurate simulations of STS task have significant importance in clinical intervention, rehabilitation process, and better design for assistive devices. The CNS controls STS motion by taking inputs from proprioceptors. These input signals suffer delay in transmission to CNS making movement control and coordination more complex which may lead to larger body exertion or instability. This paper deals with the problem of STS movement execution in the presence of proprioceptive feedback delays in joint position and velocity. We present a high-gain observer (HGO) based feedback linearization control technique to mimic the CNS in controlling the STS transfer. The HGO estimates immeasurable delayed states to generate input signals for feedback. The feedback linearization output control law generates the passive torques at joints to execute the STS movement. The H2 dynamic controller calculates the optimal linear gains by using physiological variables. The whole scheme is simulated in MATLAB/Simulink. The simulations illustrate physiologically improved results. The ankle, knee, and hip joint position profiles show a high correlation of 0.91, 0.97, 0.80 with the experimentally generated reference profiles. The faster observer dynamics and global boundness of controller result in compensation of delays. The low error and high correlation of simulation results demonstrate (1) the reliability and effectiveness of the proposed scheme for customization of human models and (2) highlight the fact that for detailed analysis and accurate simulations of STS movement the modeling scheme must consider nonlinearities of the system.

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