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Biosensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 35
Doudou Huo ◽  
Daodong Li ◽  
Songzhi Xu ◽  
Yujie Tang ◽  
Xueqian Xie ◽  

As one of the pivotal signal molecules, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has been demonstrated to play important roles in many physiological processes of plants. Continuous monitoring of H2O2 in vivo could help understand its regulation mechanism more clearly. In this study, a disposable electrochemical microsensor for H2O2 was developed. This microsensor consists of three parts: low-cost stainless-steel wire with a diameter of 0.1 mm modified by gold nanoparticles (disposable working electrode), an untreated platinum wire with a diameter of 0.1 mm (counter electrode), and an Ag/AgCl wire with a diameter of 0.1 mm (reference electrode), respectively. The microsensor could detect H2O2 in levels from 10 to 1000 µM and exhibited excellent selectivity. On this basis, the dynamic change in H2O2 in the vein of tomato leaf under high salinity was continuously monitored in vivo. The results showed that the production of H2O2 could be induced by high salinity within two hours. This study suggests that the disposable electrochemical microsensor not only suits continuously detecting H2O2 in microscopic plant tissue in vivo but also reduces the damage to plants. Overall, our strategy will help to pave the foundation for further investigation of the generation, transportation, and elimination mechanism of H2O2 in plants.

Symmetry ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 129
Zhengying Li ◽  
Shaobo Kang ◽  
Chuan You

Due to structural irregularity, curved bridgesaremore likely to cause non-uniform collisions and unseating between adjacent components when subjected to earthquakes. Based on the analysis of the collision response of curved bridges duringearthquakes, and according to the seismic characteristics of curved bridges, research was carried out on pounding mitigation and unseating prevention measures. A curved bridge with double column piers was taken as an engineering example, and a finite element model of curved bridges thatcould consider the non-uniform contact collision between adjacent components was built with ABAQUS software. Viscoelastic dampers, viscous dampers, and a lead rubber bearing were selected as the damping devices, and a steel wire rope-rubber mat was used as the pounding mitigation device to form the combinatorial seismic mitigation system. Based on the principle of energy dissipation combined with constraints, three kinds of combined seismic mitigation case were determined; a seismic response analysis was then performed. The results indicated that the three kinds of combined seismic case were effective atreducing the response topounding force, stress, damage, girder torsion and displacement, and achieved the goals of seismic mitigation and unseating prevention.

2022 ◽  
Vol 314 ◽  
pp. 125608
Yang Wei ◽  
Pengfei Xu ◽  
Yirui Zhang ◽  
Gaofei Wang ◽  
Kaiqi Zheng

2022 ◽  
pp. 648-667
Tuğba Özge Onur ◽  
Yusuf Aytaç Onur

Steel wire ropes are frequently subjected to dynamic reciprocal bending movement over sheaves or drums in cranes, elevators, mine hoists, and aerial ropeways. This kind of movement initiates fatigue damage on the ropes. It is a quite significant case to know bending cycles to failure of rope in service, which is also known as bending over sheave fatigue lifetime. It helps to take precautions in the plant in advance and eliminate catastrophic accidents due to the usage of rope when allowable bending cycles are exceeded. To determine the bending fatigue lifetime of ropes, experimental studies are conducted. However, bending over sheave fatigue testing in laboratory environments require high initial preparation cost and a long time to finalize the experiments. Due to those reasons, this chapter focuses on a novel prediction perspective to the bending over sheave fatigue lifetime of steel wire ropes by means of artificial neural networks.

2022 ◽  
Vol 334 ◽  
pp. 08001
Grégory Bataillou ◽  
Naoufel Haddour ◽  
Christian Vollaire

Plant Microbial Fuel Cell (PMFC) creates electricity from oxidation of root exudates by microbia anaerobic digestion, and reduction of dioxygen to water. In this study, Lobelia Queen Cardinalis was used as a plant model to investigate the impact of ionic connection between stacked Plant microbial fuel cell (shared soil). 10mm thickness carbon felt woven with stainless steel wire was used for both anode and cathode, and soil was a mix of potting soil and ground from pond banks (30\%-70\% weight, respectively). Independent performances did not show any difference between individual and shared soil PMFCs. Stacking independent PMFC in series sums both open circuit potential (OCP) and internal resistance, while stacking in parallel sums current, keeping open circuit potential to the mean of the OCPs. Although series stacking seems to output best performances, this configuration may cause voltage reversal in one PMFC when current is strong, leading to biofilm damage, so stacking in parallel is recommended.

2022 ◽  
Vol 243 ◽  
pp. 110081
Emediong Christopher Umana ◽  
Daniel Tamuno-Iduabia Tamunodukobipi ◽  
Morrison Inegiyemiema

2021 ◽  
Vol 30 (4) ◽  
Kexin Zhang

To verify the effectiveness of polyurethane cement-prestressed steel wire ropes for flexural reinforcement of reinforced concrete T-girders, this paper conducts flexural test research on 12 pieces of T-girder specimens. Through the ABAQUS finite element program to build a model for numerical simulation, the results show polyurethane cement prestressed steel wire rope reinforcement can significantly increase the yield load and ultimate load of reinforced girders. Taking a girder in the test (20mm reinforcement thickness of polyurethane cement) as an example, yield load and ultimate load increased by 61.5% and 102.3% compared to unreinforced girder. The finite element model calculation results of T-girder bending reinforcement are in good agreement with the bending reinforcement test, and the error is only about 2%. For different strength concrete, the yield load increases slightly with the increase of concrete strength. For T-girders with different reinforcement ratios, the bearing capacity of strengthened girders changes significantly with the increase of longitudinal reinforcement ratio. The yield load of girders with reinforcement ratio of 1.82% and 1.35% is 29.84% and 65.85% higher than that of girders with reinforcement ratio of 0.91%. The yield deflection is 13.18% and 3.99% higher than that of girders with reinforcement ratio of 0.91%. It can be concluded that the bending reinforcement method of polyurethane cement prestressed steel wire ropes can effectively strengthen the main girder and ensure the structural safety.

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