Ileocecal Junction
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Author(s):  
Khalilah Alhuda Binti Kamilen ◽  
Mohd Yusran Othman

Intussusception is a well-known cause of intestinal obstruction in children. Its occurrence in fetus as an intrauterine incidence is extremely rare and poses a diagnostic difficulty. Intrauterine intussusception may result in intestinal atresia once the gangrenous segment resorbed. However, a very late occurrence of intussusception just prior to delivery may present as meconium peritonitis. We are reporting a case of premature baby who was born at 35 weeks gestation via emergency caesarean for breech in labour. Routine scan 4 days prior to the delivery showed evidence of fetal ascites. She was born with good Apgar Score and weighed 2.5kg. Subsequently she developed respiratory distress syndrome requiring mechanical ventilation. She passed minimal meconium once after birth then developed progressive abdominal distension and vomiting. Abdominal radiograph on day 4 of life revealed gross pneumoperitoneum and bedside percutaneous drain was inserted to ease the ventilation. Upon exploratory laparotomy, a single ileal perforation was seen 20cm from ileocecal junction with an intussusceptum was seen in the distal bowel. Gross meconium contamination and bowel edema did not favour the option of primary anastomosis, thus stoma was created. Reversal of stoma was performed a month later and she recovered well. Fetus with a complicated intrauterine intussusception may present with fetal ascites and their postnatal clinical and radiological findings need to be carefully assessed for evidence of meconium peritonitis; in which a timely surgical intervention is required to prevent the sequelae of prolonged intraabdominal sepsis in this premature baby.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue-2: 2021 Page: S18


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Chun-Zhen Hua ◽  
Yu-Kai Chen ◽  
Shun-Zhi Chen ◽  
Wei-Zhong Gu ◽  
Qiang Shu

Background: Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, also known as Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD), is a self-limiting inflammatory disease with low incidence and high misdiagnosis rate in children. Furthermore, cases where the clinical presentation resembles acute appendicitis are very rare.Case Presentation: A 14-year-old boy was misdiagnosed as acute appendicitis and received operative treatment at his early visit. He suffered from abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, and lymphadenitis at the ileocecal junction, which were found by B-ultrasonography examination and surgery. Lymphadenectomy, as well as appendectomy, was performed, and KFD was identified by pathological examination. The patient was transferred to our hospital for further therapy because of recurrent fever and abdominal pain after the appendectomy. His temperature became normal after methylprednisolone was administered, and no recurrence was observed till now during follow-up.Conclusions: Necrotizing lymphadenitis involving mesenteric lymph nodes may cause acute-appendicitis-like symptom; KFD should be a diagnostic consideration for mesenteric lymphadenitis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Santosh Kumar Mahalik ◽  
Susama Patra ◽  
Bikasha Bihary Tripathy ◽  
Akash Bihari Pati ◽  
Manoj Kumar Mohanty ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Segmental dilatation of the intestine (SDI) though uncommon is a well-known entity and more than 150 cases of SDI are reported in the literature. The presentation and association of SDI are well described; however, the association of SDI with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) has not been reported earlier. We described a case of SDI with JIA, who presented with malnutrition and chronic abdominal distension. Case presentation A 5-year-old female child was getting treated for JIA and referred to us for evaluation of chronic abdominal distension. On laparotomy, a huge SDI was found approximately 40 cm from the ileocecal junction and resection of the dilated part with approximately 2–3 cm of healthy ileum on each side and anastomosis was performed. The child recovered well and the features of arthritis also resolute 6 weeks later. From histologic analysis, we have suggested role of localized myopathy in development of segmental dilatation. We have further emphasized the link between the SDI with development of arthritis. Conclusion Etiology of SDI is multifactorial with architectural malformation of the smooth muscle due to localized myopathy is the key. Focal stasis in SDI affecting permeability and increased exposure to macromolecules, and antigens may give rise to immune-mediated arthritis. Surgical management can reduce and cure the symptoms of such patients.


2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
pp. 192-197
Author(s):  
O. V. Karaseva ◽  
D. E. Golikov ◽  
A. Yu. Kharitonova ◽  
A. L. Gorelik ◽  
A. V. Timofeeva ◽  
...  

Introduction. At present, lymphadenopathy – as a cause of idiopathic intestinal intussusception in little children - comes to the fore. However, intestinal intussusception in case of destructive mesenteric lymphadenitis in combination with lymphoid hyperplasia of the ileocecal angle ( what does not exclude lymphoma intraoperatively) is extremely rare in clinical practice.Purpose. To present a therapeutic and diagnostic algorithm in intestinal intussusception which was caused by the “volumetric“ abdominal lymphadenopathy.Case Report. A 3-year-old boy was admitted by the ambulance with recurrent abdominal pain, single episode of vomiting and no stool for 4 days. The ultrasound examination revealed intermittent ileocecal intussusception. The risk factor which had triggered the disease was an acute respiratory viral infection complicated with purulent mesenteric lymphadenitis and lymphoid hyperplasia with ulcerative lesions of the mucous membrane in the ileocecal junction. Laparoscopic desinvagination with lymph node removal and colonoscopy with ladder biopsy were performed. A differential diagnostics of nonspecific lymphadenopathy, Burkitt’s lymphoma and Crohn’s disease was made. Immunohistological examination intraoperatively was made; examination of the biopsy material excluded tumor and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The inflammatory process regressed under conservative therapy (antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antispasmolytic) ; there were no any recurrent intussusception episodes within one-year follow-up.Conclusion. Successive ultrasound, laparoscopic and colonoscopic examinations followed by the immunohistological analysis of intraoperative and biopsy material allowed to put a correct diagnosis and, thereby, to minimize surgical aggression in ileocecal intussusception which was accompanied by volumetric lymphadenopathy.


Author(s):  
Deepak Singla ◽  
Shruti Chandak ◽  
Ankur Malhotra ◽  
Arjit Agarwal ◽  
Tanu Raman ◽  
...  

Abstract Objectives To determine the most preferable endoluminal contrast agent among mannitol, polyethylene glycol (PEG), iohexol, and water by comparing various qualitative (distension, fold visibility, and homogeneity) and quantitative parameters (distension) along with artifacts and patient feedback for computed tomography enterography (CTE). Methods This was a prospective study including 120 patients of age more than or equal to 18 years who were randomized equally into four groups. Group 1 was given 1500 mL of 3% mannitol solution, group 2 was given 1500 mL of PEG, group 3 was given 20 mL of iohexol dissolved in 1500 mL of water, and group 4 was given 1500 mL of plain water. CTE was done and images were evaluated in axial and coronal planes. Various quantitative and qualitative parameters were taken at the level of second part of duodenum, jejunum, ileum and ileocecal junction (ICJ). Artifacts and patient feedback were also taken into consideration. Results The quantitative distension and grading, qualitative distension, fold visibility, and homogeneity of the second part of duodenum, jejunum at the level of superior mesenteric artery, inferior mesenteric artery and renal artery on both sides of abdomen, ileum at the level of aortic bifurcation, common iliac bifurcation, and deep pelvis on both sides of abdomen and ICJ were significantly more in PEG group as compared with mannitol group, followed by iohexol and water group. The results were calculated by ANOVA test using p-value. In terms of patient feedback and artifacts, water was the best agent. Conclusions PEG is the most suitable contrast agent to carry out CTE. Distension, fold visibility, and homogeneity are the essential features for a better diagnostic outcome of CTE, which was better with PEG.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (6) ◽  
pp. e239449
Author(s):  
Kishore Abuji ◽  
Anil Naik ◽  
Tanvi Jain ◽  
Divya Dahiya

A 49-year-old woman presented to surgery outpatient clinic with the awareness of a right lower abdomen asymptomatic lump for one week. Contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen demonstrated a 10×11×15 cm heterogeneous lesion anterior to the ileocecal junction with the possibility of leiomyosarcoma. The patient was prepared for laparotomy and intraoperative there was a large tumour arising from the medial wall of cecum. Right haemicolectomy was performed, and histopathology came as a desmoid tumour of the cecum. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and is well on 1-year follow-up.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (6) ◽  
pp. 1904
Author(s):  
Aishwarya Emerald Manohar ◽  
M. S. Kalyan Kumar ◽  
V. Vijayalakshmi ◽  
R. Kannan

Intestinal malrotation is the partial or complete failure of rotation of midgut around the superior mesenteric artery, while Meckel’s diverticulum is the remnant of vitellointestinal duct and concurrence of these congenital abnormalities in an adult is considered a rarity. Till date only 3 cases of concurrent intestinal malrotation and Meckel's diverticulum have been reported. We report a 18 years male who presented with a 3 day history of abdominal pain, bilious vomiting, obstipation and chronic abdominal pain on and off since 3 years of age. During the last episode which occurred 1 year back, he was diagnosed with intestinal malrotation with subacute intestinal obstruction and was treated conservatively. Examination revealed the presence of signs of peritonitis. After resuscitation, CECT abdomen was taken which showed dilated small bowel loops in the subhepatic region associated with malrotation. Emergency laparotomy revealed a Ladd's band below which the gangrenous small bowel loops 150 cm from the duodenojejunal (flexure until 5 cm proximal to the ileocecal junction) were found herniating into the subhepatic region with a Meckel’s diverticulum and a right sided DJ flexure. We proceeded with the band release and resection of gangrenous bowel followed by proximal jejunostomy with distal ileostomy. HPE was consistent with Meckel’s diverticulitis without any ectopic gastric or pancreatic mucosa. Ostomy reversal was done after 8 weeks. Patient had an uneventful postoperative recovery during both the admissions and he is on regular follow-up now.


2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Lovenish Bains ◽  
Rahul Bhatia ◽  
Rohit Kaushik ◽  
Pawan Lal ◽  
Gayatri Rajpaul ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Inverted Meckel’s diverticulum refers to the condition in which the diverticulum inverts on itself. The reasons for such an inversion are poorly understood due to the rarity of the condition. We present a case of inverted Meckel’s diverticulum, an uncommon finding, as a cause of recurrent intussusception. Case presentation A 30-year old Indian woman presented with complaints of pain in the central abdomen for 3 days, accompanied with vomiting and loose stools. Computed tomography images were suggestive of intussusception with intestinal obstruction. Intra-operative findings were suggestive of an intussuscepted segment of ileum measuring 10 cm in length, proximal to ileocecal junction. Ileo–ileal anastomosis was performed after appropriate resection. Upon opening the specimen, we were surprised to find an inverted Meckel diverticulum with lipoma at one end causing the intussusception. The patient made an uneventful recovery and was discharged after 5 days. Conclusion The reasons for inversion include abnormal peristalsis around the diverticulum and non-fixity of the diverticulum itself. The inverted diverticulum itself can cause luminal compromise and acts as a lead point for intussusception leading to obstruction. Computed tomography remains the diagnostic tool of choice for identifying intestinal obstruction and intussusception. Although pathological signs, such as lipoma, can be identified, the identification of any inversion will require a proficient radiologist. Inverted Meckel’s diverticulum is a rare condition which is difficult to diagnose preoperatively. Treatment is surgical, whether diagnosed pre-operatively or intra-operatively, and includes segmental resection and anastomosis. This uncommon condition should be noted as one-off differential diagnosis for intussusception and intestinal obstruction.


2021 ◽  
pp. 36-37
Author(s):  
B. Santhi ◽  
S. Savitha ◽  
V. G. Vikraman

Carcinoid tumors are neuroendocrine tumours, the most common tumour of the small bowel and its incidence is rising. Most carcinoid tumours grow slowly and mostly asymptomatic or may present with nonspecic abdominal pain or carcinoid syndrome. We had a 38 year old, female patient presented with generalized, intermittent, dull aching abdominal pain accompanied with distension and obstipation for 2 days with associated vomiting. She complained of weight loss and constipation during this period. On examination abdomen showed deep tenderness in periumbilical, right lower quadrant regions. No guarding, rigidity, mass or free uid. On per-rectal examination, there was no tenderness and the rectum was empty. Contrast enhanced computed tomography scan showed enhancing polypoidal lesion noted in distal ileum causing proximal dilatation of small bowel with air uid levels and circumferential wall thickening in dilated ileum proximal to polypoidal lesion, strongly enhancing nodal mass with specs of calcication, multiple mesentric lymph nodes and no liver metastasis. As the conservative management for 48 hours showed no improvement in symptoms, an emergency exploratory laparotomy was performed, and an intraluminal mass was identied from ileocecal junction causing obstruction with dilated loops of ileum and jejunum. Local resection of terminal ileum was performed and a side to side anastomoses was done using GI stapler. Histopathology showed diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumor


2021 ◽  
pp. 25-29
Author(s):  
Sandip Kumar Ghosh ◽  
Ajay Halder ◽  
Arnab Mishra ◽  
Prabir Biswas

INTRODUCTION: The appendix, another named vermiform appendix (from the Latin ward-appendix means “dangling” + “vermis”+ “form” i.e.-dangling worm-shaped thing) is a diverticulum of caecum and marks the beginning of the colon in the conuence of taenias. The appendix is posteromedially attached to the caecum, about 2cm below the ileocecal junction. Taking into account that often the appendix is a mobile structure, the medical 9 importance of its relative position has been questioned by some authors. In general, however some authors describe a signicant relationship between its location and sign and symptoms of acute appendicitis. OBJECTIVES:1.To study the commonest position of appendix seen intraoperatively among the patients with acute appendicitis present in Emergency and OPD of Burdwan Medical College. 2.To identify the commonest position responsible for of gangrenous appendix and appendicular perforation. 3.To identify various signs and symptoms according to their different anatomical position and correlation with intraoperative ndings MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a Prospective Observational Study in Burdwan Medical college and hospital ,May 2019 to July 2020 on 100 patients. All willing patients in Emergency and OPD of BMCH with acute and recurrent appendicitis who underwent surgery are included in this study. RESULTS: rd th Appendicitis is commonest during 3 decade (43%) followed by 4 decade (36%).Appendicitis is slightly commoner in females with male: female ratio 1:2.4..The most common position of appendix in our study is pelvic position.


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