epidural anesthesia
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2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Yan Wu ◽  
Zhenna Zhang ◽  
Yangfan Liu ◽  
Guangwen Shi ◽  
Xuehai Ding

Objective. To explore the effects of traditional Chinese medicine nursing on general anesthesia combined with epidural anesthesia and electric resection to treat bladder cancer and its influence on tumor markers. Methods. A total of 160 patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer who underwent general anesthesia combined with epidural anesthesia and resection were included in this study. The patients were divided into control group (n = 80) and study group (n = 80) according to the random number table method. The control group received hydroxycamptothecin bladder perfusion therapy, and the study group received traditional Chinese medicine nursing combined with hydroxycamptothecin bladder perfusion therapy. The clinical efficacy, three-year cumulative survival rate, and postoperative recurrence rate of the two groups of patients were detected. The levels of tumor markers including vascular endothelial growth factor (VECF) and bladder tumor antigen (BTA) before and after treatment were also tested. The immune function, inflammatory factor levels, and quality of life of the two groups before and after treatment were evaluated. Results. The total effective rate of the study group (83.75%) was significantly higher than that of the control group (58.75%). After treatment, the serum VEGF and BTA levels, inflammatory factors interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels of the two groups of patients decreased, and the decrease in the study group was more significant than that in the control group P < 0.05 . After treatment, the levels of CD3+, CD4+, and CD4+/CD8+ in the two groups increased P < 0.05 , and the increase in the study group was more significant than that in the control group P < 0.05 . After treatment, the CD8+ levels of the two groups of patients decreased P < 0.05 , and the decrease in the study group was more significant than that in the control group P < 0.05 . After treatment, the quality-of-life scores in both groups increased P < 0.05 , and the increase in the study group was even more significant P < 0.05 . Conclusion. Traditional Chinese medicine nursing has significant clinical effects on the treatment of bladder cancer with general anesthesia combined with epidural anesthesia and electric resection. It can more effectively prevent the risk of recurrence of bladder cancer after surgery, significantly improve the quality of life, improve immune system function, regulate the levels of VECF and BTA, effectively reduce the level of serum inflammatory factors, inhibit tumor progression, and reduce tumor viability.

Yongho Jee ◽  
Hyun Jung Lee ◽  
Youn Jin Kim ◽  
Dong Yeon Kim ◽  
Jae Hee Woo

Background: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal mortality. An increasing incidence of PPH has been reported in many countries. The risk factors for PPH differ among studies and it can occur in patients with no known risk factors. In this large-scale study, we investigated whether the anesthetic method used was associated with PPH after cesarean section.Methods: We extracted data on cesarean sections performed between January 2008 and June 2013 from the National Health Insurance Service database. The anesthetic methods were categorized into general, spinal and epidural anesthesia. To compare the likelihood of PPH among deliveries using different anesthetic methods, crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated using logistic regression analysis.Results: Data from 330,324 cesarean sections were analyzed, and 21,636 cases of PPH were identified. Univariate analysis showed that general and epidural anesthesia increased the risk of PPH compared to spinal anesthesia. The OR for PPH was highest for morbidly adherent placenta, followed by placenta previa, placental abruption, and hypertension. When other clinical covariates were controlled for, general and epidural anesthesia still remained significant risk factors for PPH compared to spinal anesthesia.Conclusions: This study showed that general and epidural anesthesia elevated the risk of PPH compared to spinal anesthesia during cesarean section. Since we could not consider the potential bias of group differences in indications, more in-depth clinical trials are needed to validate our findings. Obstetric factors such as placental abnormalities had high odds ratios and thus are more important than the choice of anesthetic method, which should be based on the patient’s clinical condition and institutional resources.

2022 ◽  
Wesameldin A. Soltan ◽  
Ehab Fathy ◽  
Mohamed Khattab ◽  
Mohamed Saber Mostafa ◽  
Haytham Hasan ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (6) ◽  
pp. 90-96
N. V. Davydov ◽  
I. G. Trukhanova ◽  
А. D. Gureev ◽  
Yu. G. Kutyreva

The objective: to substantiate the safety of using combined spinal epidural anesthesia with expansion of the epidural space in hernioplasty in obese patients.Subjects and Methods. Hemodynamic parameters were studied in 100 obese patients who underwent elective hernioplasty of the anterior abdominal wall using the neuroaxial block of two types ‒ combined spinal epidural anesthesia with epidural volume extension (CSEA with EVE) and spinal anesthesia (SA). The patients were randomly divided into two groups: Group 1 (n = 60) ‒ patients operated under combined spinal epidural anesthesia with the epidural volume extension, Group 2 (n = 40) ‒ patients operated under spinal anesthesia. The assessment of changes in main parameters of central hemodynamics, stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), and cardiac index (CI) was performed using the Estimated Continuous Cardiac Output technology based on the measurement of pulse wave transit time.Results. It was revealed that in Group 1 patients, the listed parameters fluctuated slightly during the entire follow-up period. The average values were: SV 76.4 ± 0.37 ml, CO 5.8 ± 0.04 l/min, CI 3.56 ± 0.03 l/min/m2. In patients of Group 2, there was an increase in SV by 35.5%, CO by 24.2%, and CI by 23.6% at minutes 2-4 of the regional blockade.Conclusions. The most obvious fluctuations in hemodynamic parameters are observed in the group of patients who underwent spinal anesthesia using relatively high doses of local anesthetic. When using CSEA with EVE with low doses of bupivacaine, stable hemodynamic parameters are noted with a constant level of the neuroaxial block.

2022 ◽  
Vol 226 (1) ◽  
pp. S682-S683
Alessandro Ghidini ◽  
Kelly Vanasche ◽  
Alyssa Cacace ◽  
Anna Locatelli

Thanh Xuan Nguyen

TÓM TẮT Đặt vấn đề: Gây tê ngoài màng cứng để giảm đau trong và sau mổ được áp dụng rộng rãi trên thế giới từ nhiều thập niên qua. Kết quả của nhiều công trình nghiên cứu cho thấy phương pháp này làm giảm những biến chứng trong và sau mổ, giảm tỉ lệ tử vong sau mổ của các phẫu thuật nặng. Nghiên cứu nhằm đánh giá hiệu quả và các tác dụng phụ của gây tê ngoài màng cứng trong phẫu thuật ung thư đại, trực tràng. Phương pháp: Nghiên cứu mô tả cắt ngang trên 28 bệnh nhân được gây tê ngoài màng cứng trong mổ ung thư đại, trực tràng có phối hợp gây mê nội khí quản. Sinh hiệu và tình trạng sức khỏe của bệnh nhân được theo dõi trước và sau khi tiêm thuốc giảm đau. Ghi nhận mức độ giảm đau theo Visual Analog Scale (VAS), mức độ liệt vận động theo Bromage và các tác dụng phụ sau mổ. Kết quả: Hiệu quả giảm đau sau mổ tốt, tại các thời điểm sau mổ VAS đều ≤ 1,5. Tỉ lệ các biến chứng: tụt huyết áp: 7,14%, đau đầu: 7,14%, lạnh run: 10,71%, buồn nôn, nôn: 17,86%. Kết luận: Kỹ thuật gây tê ngoài màng cứng phối hợp với gây mê toàn thân là kỹ thuật giảm đau hiệu quả và an toàn cho phẫu thuật vùng bụng trong mổ và 24 giờ sau mổ. ABSTRACT THE EFFICIENCY OF SPINAL EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA FOR LAPAROSCOPIC COLORECTAL CANCER SURGERY Background: Epidural anesthesia for pain relief during and after surgery has been widely applied in the world for decades. The results of many studies show that this method reduces intra - and postoperative complications and reduces the postoperative mortality rate of major surgery. The study aimed to evaluate epidural anesthesia’s effectiveness and side effects in colorectal cancer surgery. Methods: A cross - sectional descriptive study on 28 patients receiving epidural anesthesia in surgery for colorectal cancer in combination with endotracheal anesthesia. The patient’s vital signs and health status were monitored before and after the injection of pain medication. Record the level of pain relief according to the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), the degree of motor paralysis according to Bromage, and the side effects after surgery. Results: Good postoperative pain relief effect, at all times after surgery, VAS was ≤ 1.5. Rate of complications: hypotension: 7.14%, headache: 7.14%, shiver: 10.71%, nausea, vomiting: 17.86%. Conclusion: The epidural anesthesia combined with general anesthesia is an effective and safe analgesia technique for abdominal surgery during surgery and 24 hours after surgery. Keywords: Epidural anesthesia, colorectal cancersurgery

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (12) ◽  
pp. 135-141
E. Tilekov ◽  
Zh. Chyngysheva

This article presents the results of a comparative assessment of the effectiveness of epidural anesthesia with a combination of local anesthetic and morphine with an automatic syringe, the technique of epidural analgesia in the bolus mode at specified time intervals and at the patient's request, and analgesia in the form of a continuous epidural infusion of 0.5% bipuvicaine solution in combination with a narcotic drug in patients after hemorrhoidectomy. Based on the results of the analysis, it can be concluded that the method of prolonged epidural analgesia in the postoperative period allows achieving good results with the least complications.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Minghuan Zhang ◽  
Bo Wang ◽  
Wen Mao

Purpose. To explore the effect of different anesthesia methods on emergence agitation (EA) and related complications in postoperative patients with osteosarcoma. Methods. According to the order of admission, 115 patients requiring osteosarcoma surgery treated in our hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 were selected as the research object and randomly divided into the control group (n = 57, accepted the general anesthesia with tracheal intubation) and the experimental group (n = 58, accepted the combined spinal-epidural anesthesia) to compare their anesthesia effect, incidence rates of agitation and complications, and other indexes. Results. In terms of the hemodynamic indexes (MAP, HR, and CVP values), both groups had lower ones at T1 than at T0, but the decline of the experimental group was generally lesser than that of the control group; at T2, no statistical difference was shown within the experimental group’s indexes when comparing with those at T1, but the control group obtained a significant increase; at T3 and T4, both groups had their hemodynamic indexes increased, but such increase within the experimental group showed no statistical difference when comparing with those at T0, while the control group achieved obviously higher values at T4 than at T0 (before the anesthesia); and the between-group difference in the hemodynamic indexes at T1 and T4 was significant. Compared with the control group, the experimental group achieved better VAS scores and anesthesia indexes and lower incidence rates of EA and complications such as the hypoxemia, cardiovascular response, delayed recovery, and headache. In addition, the differences in the incidence rates of hypotension and cognitive dysfunction between the two groups were not statistically significant. Conclusion. When comparing with tracheal intubation general anesthesia, the combined spinal-epidural anesthesia has a better effect in osteosarcoma surgery, with less hemodynamics influence on patients, reduced postoperative pain and stress reaction, and lowered incidence rates of postoperative EA and complications, which is worthy of wide application in clinical treatment.

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