BMC Surgery
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2020
(FIVE YEARS 1112)

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(FIVE YEARS 11)

Published By Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)

1471-2482, 1471-2482

BMC Surgery ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Xiaodong Wei ◽  
Tiange Li ◽  
Yunfei Ling ◽  
Zheng Chai ◽  
Zhongze Cao ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is one of the most common cyanotic congenital heart diseases. Pulmonary regurgitation is the most common and severe comorbidity after transannular patch (TAP) repair of TOF patients. It has not been confirmed whether a TAP repair with monocusp valve reconstruction would benefit TOF patients in perioperative period compared to those without monocusp valve reconstruction. The purpose of the study is to review and analyze all clinical studies that have compared perioperative outcomes of TOF patients undergoing TAP repair with or without monocusp valve reconstruction and conduct a preferable surgery. Methods Eligible studies were identified by searching the electronic databases. The year of publication of studies was restricted from 2000 till present. The primary outcome was perioperative mortality, and secondary outcomes included cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross-clamp time, ventilation duration, ICU length of stay, hospital length of stay, perioperative right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) pressure gradient, and moderate or severe pulmonary regurgitation (PR). The meta-analysis and forest plots were drawn using Review Manager 5.3. Statistically significant was considered when p-value ≤ 0.05. Results Eight studies were included which consisted of 8 retrospective cohort study and 2 randomized controlled trial. The 10 studies formed a pool of 526 TOF patients in total, in which are 300 undergoing TAP repair with monocusp valve reconstruction (monocusp group) compared to 226 undergoing TAP repair without monocusp valve reconstruction (non-monocusp group). It demonstrated no significant differences between two groups in perioperative mortality (OR = 0.69, 95% CI 0.20–2.41, p = 0.58). It demonstrated significant differences in perioperative cardiopulmonary bypass time (minute, 95% CI 17.93–28.42, p < 0.00001), mean length of ICU stay (day, 95% CI − 2.11–0.76, p < 0.0001), and the degree of perioperative PR (OR = 0.03, 95% CI 0.010.12, p < 0.00001). Significant differences were not found in other secondary outcomes. Conclusion Transannular patch repair with monocusp valve reconstruction have significant advantages on decreasing length of ICU stay and reducing degree of PR for TOF patients. Large, multicenter, randomized, prospective studies which focuse on perioperative outcomes and postoperative differences based on long-term follow-up between TAP repair with and without monocusp valve reconstruction are needed.


BMC Surgery ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Hiroyuki Kato ◽  
Yukio Asano ◽  
Masahiro Ito ◽  
Satoshi Arakawa ◽  
Norihiko Kawabe ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Performing major hepatectomy for patients with marginal hepatic function is challenging. In some cases, the procedure is contraindicated owing to the threat of postoperative liver failure. In this case report, we present the first case of marginal liver function (indocyanine green clearance retention rate at 15 min [ICGR15]: 28%) successfully treated with right hepatectomy, resulting in total caudate lobe preservation. Case presentation A 71-year-old man was diagnosed with sigmoid colon cancer with three liver metastases (S5, S7, and S8). All of metastatic lesions shrunk after chemotherapy, but his ICGR15 and indocyanine green clearance rate (ICGK) were 21% and 0.12, respectively. Moreover, the remnant liver volume was only 39%. Therefore, portal venous embolism (PVE) of the right portal vein was suggested. Portography showed divergence of the considerably preserved right caudate lobe branch (PV1R) from the root of the right portal vein. The liver function was reevaluated 18 days after PVE was suggested. During this time, the ICGR15 (21–28%) and ICGK rate (0.12–0.10) deteriorated. The right caudate lobe was significantly enlarged; thus, a total caudate lobe-preserving hepatectomy (TCPRx) was performed. Patients eligible for TCPRx included those with (1) hepatocellular carcinoma or metastatic liver cancer, (2) no tumor in the caudate lobe, (3) marginal liver function (ICG Krem greater than 0.05 if TCPRx was adapted; otherwise, less than 0.05) and Child–Pugh classification category A, and (4) preserved PV1R and right caudate bile duct branch. The procedure was performed through (A) precise estimation of the remnant liver volume preoperatively, (B) repeated intraoperative cholangiography to confirm the biliary branch of the right caudate lobe (B1R) conservation, and (C) stapler division of posterior and anterior Glisson’s pedicles laterally to avoid injuries to the PV1R and B1R. Conclusions Right hepatectomy with total caudate lobe preservation, following PVE, was a safe and viable surgical technique for patients with marginal liver function.


BMC Surgery ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Manu Vats ◽  
Lovenish Bains ◽  
Pawan Lal ◽  
Shramana Mandal

Abstract Background Gallbladder cancer is a very aggressive type of biliary tract cancer. The only curative treatment is complete surgical excision of the tumour. However, even after surgery, there is still a risk of recurrence of the cancer. Case presentation A 63-year-old gentleman presented with the complaint of a non-healing ulcer at upper abdomen for the last 1 month. He had undergone a laparoscopic cholecystectomy at a private centre 4 months ago. Investigations confirmed the diagnosis of epigastric port site metastasis from a primary from gall bladder adenocarcinoma. After undergoing completion radical cholecystectomy with wide local excision of the epigastric ulcer, he received 6 cycles of concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Eighteen months later, he presented to us with bilateral axillary swellings. Investigations confirmed isolated bilateral axillary metastasis and the patient underwent a bilateral axillary lymphadenectomy (Level 3). However, PET scan after 6 months showed widespread metastasis and the patient succumbed to the illness 1 month later. Conclusion Axillary metastasis probably occurs due to the presence of microscopic systemic metastasis at the time of development of port site metastasis. An R0 resection of the malignancy is the only viable option for effective therapy. The present case highlights the rare involvement of isolated bilateral axillary lymph nodes as a distant metastatic site with no evidence of disease in the locoregional site. However, the prognosis after metastasis remains dismal despite multiple treatment modalities.


BMC Surgery ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ming Huang ◽  
Weiliang Tian ◽  
Shikun Luo ◽  
Xi Xu ◽  
Zheng Yao ◽  
...  

Abstract Purpose The present study aimed to identify the predictive value of duration of postoperative hyperlactatemia in screening patients at high risk of recurrent fistula after major definitive surgery (DS) for intestinal fistula. Methods If the initial postoperative lactate (IPL) > 2 mmol/L, DS was defined as major definitive surgery. The 315 enrolled patients with major DS were divided into group A (2 mmol/L < IPL ≤ 4 mmol/L), group B (mmol/L < IPL ≤ 6 mmol/L), and group C (IPL > 6 mmol/L). The characteristics of patients were collected, and the duration of postoperative hyperlactatemia was analyzed. According to the occurrence of recurrent fistula (RF), patients were further divided into RF group A, and Non-RF group A; RF group B, and Non-RF group B; and RF group C, and Non-RF group C. Results The duration of postoperative hyperlactatemia was comparable between the RF group A and the Non-RF group A [12 (IQR: 12–24) vs 24 (IQR: 12–24), p = 0.387]. However, the duration of hyperlactatemia was associated with RF in group B (adjusted OR = 1.061; 95% CI: 1.029–1.094; p < 0.001) and group C (adjusted OR = 1.059; 95% CI: 1.012–1.129; p = 0.017). In group B, the cutoff point of duration of 42 h had the optimal predictive value (area under ROC = 0.791, sensitivity = 0.717, specificity = 0.794, p < 0.001). In group C, the cutoff point of duration of 54 h had the optimal predictive value (area under ROC = 0.781, sensitivity = 0.730, specificity = 0.804, p < 0.001). Conclusion The duration of postoperative hyperlactatemia has a value in predicting RF in patients with an IPL of more than 4 mmol/L after major definitive surgery for intestinal fistula.


BMC Surgery ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Woubet Tefera Kassahun ◽  
Matthias Mehdorn ◽  
Jonas Babel

Abstract Background Obesity has been shown to increase the rates of morbidity and occasionally mortality in patients undergoing nonbariatric elective surgery. However, little is known about the impact of obesity on outcomes after surgery for high-risk abdominal emergencies. Methods A single-center retrospective evaluation of outcomes in high-risk abdominal emergency patients categorized by body mass index (BMI) was conducted. Patient demographics, comorbidities, and operative details were analyzed. Patients with normal weight (BMI 18.5–24.9) served as comparators. Multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the impact of obesity on surgical outcomes. Results In total, 886 patients with BMI < 18.5 (underweight; n = 50), 18.5–24.9 (normal weight; n = 306), 25–29.9 (overweight; n = 336) and ≥ 30 (obese; n = 194) based on the World Health Organization (WHO) weight classification criteria met the inclusion criteria. Compared to normal-weight patients, patients with overweight and obesity were older and more likely to be male. The rates of comorbidity (100% vs 91.2%, p =  < 0.0001), morbidity (77.8% vs 65.6%, p = 0.003), and in-hospital mortality (44.8% vs 30.4%, p = 0.001) were all higher in patients with obesity than in normal-weight patients. Patients with obesity had an increased intensive care unit length of stay (ICU LOS) (13 days vs 9 days, p = 0.019) and hospital LOS (21.4 days vs 18.1 days, p = 0.081) and prolonged ventilation (39.1% vs 19.6%, p = 0.003). As BMI deviated from the normal range, the morbidity and mortality rates increased incrementally, with the highest morbidity (87.9%) and mortality (54.5%) rates observed in morbidly obese patients (BMI ≥ 40). Conclusions Patients with obesity were the most likely to have coexisting conditions, experience postoperative complications, and die during the first admission following EL for high-risk abdominal emergencies.


BMC Surgery ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Juan Li ◽  
Min Zhou ◽  
Yuhai Wang ◽  
Sze Chai Kwok ◽  
Jia Yin

Abstract Background Microvascular decompression (MVD) is the first choice in patients with classic trigeminal neuralgia (TGN) that could not be sufficiently controlled by pharmacological treatment. However, neurovascular conflict (NVC) could not be identified during MVD in all patients. To describe the efficacy and safety of treatment with aneurysm clips in these situations. Methods A total of 205 patients underwent MVD for classic TGN at our center from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019. In patients without identifiable NVC upon dissection of the entire trigeminal nerve root, neurapraxia was performed using a Yasargil temporary titanium aneurysm clip (force: 90 g) for 40 s (or a total of 60 s if the process must be suspended temporarily due to bradycardia or hypertension). Results A total of 26 patients (median age: 64 years; 15 women) underwent neurapraxia. Five out of the 26 patients received prior MVD but relapsed. Immediate complete pain relief was achieved in all 26 cases. Within a median follow-up of 3 years (range: 1.0–6.0), recurrence was noted in 3 cases (11.5%). Postoperative complications included hemifacial numbness, herpes labialis, masseter weakness; most were transient and dissipated within 3–6 months. Conclusions Neurapraxia using aneurysm clip is safe and effective in patients with classic TGN but no identifiable NVC during MVD. Whether this method could be developed into a standardizable method needs further investigation.


BMC Surgery ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Jun Chen ◽  
Shi-Zhou Wu ◽  
Jie Tan ◽  
Qing-Yi Zhang ◽  
Bo-Quan Qin ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Primary Ewing sarcoma (ES)/peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumors (pPNETs) are aggressive bone tumors that rarely occur in the axial skeleton, including the cranial bone and mobile spine. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there were any differences in patient characteristics, treatment strategies, and outcomes between patients with ES/pPNETs of the cranial bone and those with ES/pPNETs of the mobile spine. Methods A retrospective study was performed on 33 patients with ES/pPNETs who had been surgically treated and pathologically confirmed at our institution between 2010 and 2020. Patient characteristics were compared using Fisher exact tests or independent t tests. Survival rates were estimated via Kaplan–Meier survival analysis and compared using log-rank tests. Results Thirteen patients had ES/pPNETs of the cranial bone (39.4%), while 20 patients had ES/pPNETs of the mobile spine (60.6%). Patients with ES/pPNETs of the cranial bone had a younger mean age (14.8 vs 22.6 years; p = 0.047) and longer mean disease duration (2.5 vs 1.9 months; p = 0.008) compared with those of patients with ES/pPNETs of the mobile spine. Kaplan–Meier analysis showed that gross total resection (GTR) and radiotherapy resulted in a longer median survival time. The overall survival rates and progression-free survival rates of patients with ES/pPNETs of the cranial bone versus those of the mobile spine were not significantly different (p = 0.386 and p = 0.368, respectively). Conclusions Patients with ES/pPNETs of the cranial bone were younger compared to patients with ES/pPNETs of the mobile spine. There was no significant difference in the prognosis of patients with ES/pPNETs of the cranial bone versus those of the mobile spine. Taken together, our findings suggest that GTR and radiotherapy offer the best prognosis for improved long-term survival.


BMC Surgery ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Jian-Xun Ma ◽  
Bi Li ◽  
You-Chen Xia ◽  
Wei-Tao You ◽  
Jie Zhang ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Implant-based breast reconstruction is easy to be performed but has flaws that an unnatural appearance might be presented when no sufficient coverage existing. While autologous tissue reconstruction also has disadvantages like donor site scar and skin patch effect. There is a demand for a new method to obtain natural and aesthetic appearance while surmounting drawbacks of conventional breast reconstruction surgery. Methods A retrospective review of thirty-one patients undergoing tissue expander (TE)/implant two-stage breast reconstruction with latissimus dorsi muscle flap (LDMF) transfer through endoscopic approach in Peking University Third Hospital from April 2016 to August 2020 was performed. The LDMF harvest time, drain time, and complications were reviewed. The 3D volume was obtained to assess the volume symmetry of bilateral breasts. The BREAST-Q reconstruction module was used to evaluate the satisfaction. Results The mean endoscopic LDMF harvest time was 90.4 min. In the mean follow-up of 11.2 months, there were no severe capsular contracture happened. The reconstructed side achieved good volume symmetry to the contralateral side (P = 0.256). Based on the evaluation of the BREAST-Q scores, the outcome of Satisfaction with Breasts was excellent or good in 87.1% of the cases. Conclusions The novel type of two-stage breast reconstruction protocol, which includes tissue expansion followed by implant insertion with endoscopy-assisted LDMF transfer, could effectively reduce visible scars, avoid the patch effect, while require short time for LDMF harvest and present low incidence of complications. It is a promising method for breast reconstruction because it achieves good outcomes in the mastectomy patients.


BMC Surgery ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Feng Xia ◽  
Peng Zhu ◽  
Xiao-ping Chen ◽  
Bi-xiang Zhang ◽  
Ming-yu Zhang

Abstract Background Ingestion of fish bones leading to gastric perforation and inducing abscess formation in the caudate lobe of the liver is very rare. Case presentation A 67-year-old man presented to our hospital with a 2-day history of subxiphoid pain. There were no specific symptoms other than pain. Laboratory tests showed only an increase in the number and percentage of neutrophils. Contrast-enhanced Computerized tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed two linear dense opacities in the gastric cardia, one of which penetrated the stomach and was adjacent to the caudate lobe of the liver, with inflammatory changes in the caudate lobe. We finally diagnosed his condition as a caudate lobe abscess secondary to intestinal perforation caused by a fishbone based on the history and imaging findings. The patient underwent 3D laparoscopic partial caudate lobectomy, incision and drainage of the liver abscess, and fishbone removal. The procedure was successful and we removed the fishbone from the liver. The patient was discharged on the 9th postoperative day without other complications. Conclusions Liver abscess caused by foreign bodies requires multidisciplinary treatment. Especially when located in the caudate lobe, we must detect and remove the cause of the abscess as early as possible. Foreign bodies that perforate the gastrointestinal tract can penetrate to the liver and cause abscess formation, as in this case. When exploring the etiology of liver abscesses, we should investigate the general condition, including the whole gastrointestinal tract.


BMC Surgery ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Giulianno Molina Melo ◽  
Murilo Catafesta Neves ◽  
Marcello Rosano ◽  
Christiana Maria Ribeiro Salles Vanni ◽  
Marcio Abrahao ◽  
...  

Abstract Background The symptomatic (swelling and pain) salivary gland obstructions are caused by sialolithiasis and salivary duct stenosis, negatively affecting quality of life (QOL), with almost all candidates for clinical measures and minimally invasive sialendoscopy. The impact of sialendoscopy treatment on the QOL has been little addressed nowadays. The objective is to prospectively evaluate the impact of sialendoscopy on the quality of life of patients undergoing sialendoscopy due to benign salivary obstructive diseases, measured through QOL questionnaires of xerostomia degree, the oral health impact profile and post sialendoscopy satisfaction questionnaires. Result 37 sialendoscopies were included, most young female; there were 64.5% sialolithiasis and 35.4% post-radioiodine; with 4.5 times/week painful swelling symptoms and 23.5 months symptom duration. The pre- and post-sialendoscopy VAS values were: 7.42 to 1.29 (p < 0.001); 86.5% and 89.2% were subjected to sialendoscopy alone and endoscopic dilatation respectively; 80.6% reported improved symptoms after sialendoscopy in the sialolithiasis clinic (p < 0.001). The physical pain and psychological discomfort domain scores were mostly impacted where sialendoscopy provided relief and improvement (p < 0.001). We found a positive correlation between sialendoscopy and obstructive stone disease (p < 0.001) and no correlation in sialendoscopy satisfaction in xerostomia patients (p = 0.009). Conclusions We found improved symptoms with overall good satisfaction after sialendoscopy correlated with stones; and a negative correlation between xerostomia. Our findings support the evident indication of sialendoscopy for obstructive sialolithiasis with a positive impact on QOL and probably a relative time-dependent indication for stenosis/other xerostomia causes that little improved QOL satisfaction. Level of evidence 2b—Prospective non-randomized study. Trial registration: WHO Universal Trial Number (UTN): U1111-1247-7028; Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry (ReBeC): RBR-6p8zfs.


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