juvenile idiopathic arthritis
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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 430
Charlotte Girard-Guyonvarc’h ◽  
Mathilde Harel ◽  
Cem Gabay

Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine of the IL-1 family, whose activity is tightly controlled at the level of production, as well as signalization. Notably, it is buffered by its natural inhibitor, IL-18 binding protein (IL-18BP), which is massively present in circulation in normal and in most pathological conditions, thus preventing harmful pro-inflammatory systemic effects of IL-18. IL-18 has long been considered to be involved in the pathophysiology of various inflammatory diseases. However, a first clinical trial using recombinant IL-18BP for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis gave disappointing results. Direct measurements of unbound, bioactive, free form of circulating IL-18 demonstrated that IL-18 was more specifically involved in adult-onset Still’s disease (AOSD) and systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) but also in their most severe complication, macrophage activation syndrome (MAS). More importantly, administration of recombinant IL-18BP to patients with AOSD, and sJIA with MAS, showed promising results. This review summarizes available data regarding IL-18 and IL-18BP in AOSD and sJIA in mouse models and humans and shows the importance of IL-18/IL-18BP imbalance in these conditions, leading to the conclusion that IL-18, particularly free IL-18, may be a useful biomarker in these diseases and an interesting therapeutic target.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Hanne Van Der Heijden ◽  
Benoit Fatou ◽  
Diana Sibai ◽  
Kacie Hoyt ◽  
Maria Taylor ◽  

Abstract Introduction Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a cluster of autoimmune rheumatic diseases occurring in children 16 years of age or less. While it is well-known that pain may be experienced during inflammatory and non-inflammatory states, much remains ambiguous regarding the molecular mechanisms that may drive JIA pain. Thus, in this pilot study, we explored the variability of the serum proteomes in relation to pain severity in a cohort of JIA patients. Methods Serum samples from 15 JIA patients (male and female, 12.7 ± 2.8 years of age) were assessed using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). Correlation analyses were performed to determine the relationships among protein levels and self-reported clinical pain severity. Additionally, how the expression of pain-associated proteins related to markers of inflammation (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)) or morphological properties of the central nervous system (subcortical volume and cortical thickness) implicated in JIA were also evaluated. Results 306 proteins were identified in the JIA cohort of which 14 were significantly (p < 0.05) associated with clinical pain severity. Functional properties of the identified pain-associated proteins included but were not limited to humoral immunity (IGLV3.9), inflammatory response (PRG4) and angiogenesis (ANG). Associations among pain-associated proteins and ESR (IGHV3.9, PRG4, CST3, VWF, ALB), as well as caudate nucleus volume (BTD, AGT, IGHV3.74) and insular cortex thickness (BTD, LGALS3BP) were also observed. Conclusions The current proteomic findings suggest both inflammatory- and non-inflammatory mediated mechanisms as potential factors associated with JIA pain. Validation of these preliminary observations using larger patient cohorts and a longitudinal study design may further point to novel serologic markers of pain in JIA.

2022 ◽  
Flora Mcerlane ◽  
Chris Anderson ◽  
Saskia Lawson-Tovey ◽  
Barbara Lee ◽  
Chris Lee ◽  

Abstract BackgroundA significant proportion of children and young people with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) do not achieve inactive disease during the first two years following diagnosis. Refinements to clinical care pathways have the potential to improve clinical outcomes but a lack of consistent and contemporaneous clinical data presently precludes standard setting and implementation of meaningful quality improvement programmes. This study was the first to pilot clinical data collection and analysis using the CAPTURE-JIA dataset, and to explore patient and clinician-reported feasibility and acceptability data.MethodsA multiphase mixed-methods approach enabled prospective collection of quantitative data to examine the feasibility and efficacy of dataset collection and of qualitative data informing the context and processes of implementation. An initial paper pilot informed the design of a bespoke electronic data collection system (the Agileware system), with a subsequent electronic pilot informing the final CAPTURE-JIA data collection tool. ResultsPaper collection of patient data was feasible but time-consuming in the clinical setting. Phase 1 paper pilot data (121 patients) identified three themes: problematic data items (14/62 data items received >40% missing data), formatting of data collection forms and a clinician-highlighted need for digital data collection, informing Phase 2 electronic data collection tool development. Patients and families were universally supportive of the collection and analysis of anonymised patient data to inform clinical care. No apparent preference for paper / electronic data collection was reported by families. Phase 3 electronic pilot data (38 patients) appeared complete and the system reported to be easy to use. Analysis of the study dataset and a dummy longitudinal dataset confirmed that all eleven JIA national audit questions can be answered using the electronic system. ConclusionsMulticentre CAPTURE-JIA data collection is feasible and acceptable, with a bespoke data collection system highlighted as the most satisfactory solution. The study is informing ongoing work towards a streamlined and flexible national paediatric data collection system to drive quality improvement in clinical care.

2022 ◽  
Orazio De Lucia ◽  
Teresa Giani ◽  
Roberto Caporali ◽  
Rolando Cimaz

In this systematic review we analyzed the published articles related to the predictive value for flare of subclinical synovitis assessed by ultrasound (US) in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases were searched from 1990 to 2020 by two authors, using PICO methodology. The study is built and reported according to PRISMA guidelines. Searches identified four articles comprising a total of 187 JIA patients in clinical remission from at least 3 months. Two of the articles found US subclinical signs of synovitis to be predictive for flare, with a five times higher risk (with Power Doppler signal as an important feature), while in the other two baseline US abnormalities did not predict a clinical flare. The articles differed for protocols, definitions, and length of follow-up. US has an expanding role in pediatric rheumatology, with interest-ing applications especially during the follow-up, potentially identifying subclinical inflammatory signs predictive of flare. However, the few studies available do not allow definite conclusions at this time.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 (1) ◽  
William D Renton ◽  
Georgina Tiller ◽  
Jane Munro ◽  
Joachim Tan ◽  
Renea V Johnston ◽  

2022 ◽  
Elisabet Berthold ◽  
Alma Dahlberg ◽  
Helena Tydén ◽  
Bengt Månsson ◽  
Robin Kahn

Abstract Background The reported incidence of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) varies from studies around the world, depending on patient collection techniques, geographic region, and time. Our aim was to study the mean annual incidence of juvenile arthritis in a population-based setting using two regional cohorts of children diagnosed with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) and JIA over a period of 31 years.Findings The study population was 651 children diagnosed 1980-2010. The mean annual incidence over the period was 9.9 per 100,000 children, with a range from 4.2 per 100,000 in 1980 to 17.1 per 100,000 children in 2010. When comparing incidence rate between the decade of diagnosis using rate ratios, there is a significant difference with diagnosis 1980-1989 as comparator.Conclusions We show a statistically significant increase in the incidence of JIA over three decades in a population-based cohort of children with juvenile arthritis.

2022 ◽  
Mia Glerup ◽  
Ellen D. Arnstad ◽  
Veronika Rypdal ◽  
Suvi Peltoniemi ◽  
Kristiina Aalto ◽  

Maciej Szabłowski ◽  
Michał Andrzej Okruszko ◽  
Katarzyna Pochodowicz ◽  
Paweł Abramowicz ◽  
Jerzy Konstantynowicz ◽  

AbstractThe study was aimed to review a rare coexistence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) regarding different clinical approaches to the management and treatment options. Medical complications of the two autoimmune disorders in children and adolescents have been evaluated, particularly in those treated with glucocorticosteroids (GCS) and insulin. A review of the literature regarding reports on concomitant T1D and JIA was conducted using resources available in Medline, Google Scholar, and Web of Science databases, with a specific focus on the combination of T1D and JIA in a pediatric population. The review was extended by our analysis of two patients treated in a single center for this comorbidity. Eligible reports of four cases were found, and including our two original records, a total of six pediatric patients (5 females) were analyzed, of which three had also other autoimmune diseases (thyroiditis, coeliac disease, autoimmune hepatitis), whereas four had been treated with a long-term GCS, and two were receiving biological therapy (etanercept or adalimumab). Only one of them had good metabolic control of diabetes. Diabetes in childhood may coexist with other autoimmune diseases, including rheumatologic conditions. Hyperglycemia can worsen JIA therapy by induction and maintaining inflammation. Using modern diabetes technologies (like personal insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitoring) helps to minimize the deteriorating effect of JIA exacerbations and the rheumatoid treatment on metabolic control of diabetes.

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