Cancer Patient
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2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Author(s):  
Letizia Andresciani ◽  
Concetta Calabrò ◽  
Mariarita Laforgia ◽  
Maria Ronchi ◽  
Simona De Summa ◽  
...  

The complexity of cancer patients and the use of advanced and demolitive surgical techniques frequently need post-operatory ICU hospitalization. To increase safety and to select the best medical strategies for the patient, a multidisciplinary team has performed a new peri-operatory assessment, arising from evidence-based literature data. Verifying that most of the cancer patients, admitted to the intensive care unit, undergo major surgery with localizations in the supramesocolic thoraco-abdominal area, the team focused the attention on supramesocolic peridiaphragmatic cancer surgery. Some scores already in use in clinical practice were selected for the peri-operatory evaluation process. None of them evaluate parameters relating to the entire peri-operative period. In detail, only a few study models were found that concern the assessment of the intra-operative period. Therefore, we wanted to see if using a mix of validated scores, it was possible to build a single evaluation score (named PERIDIAphragmatic surgery score or PERIDIA-score) for the entire peri-operative period that could be obtained at the end of the patient’s hospitalization period in post-operative ICU. The main property sought with the creation of the PERIDIA-score is the proportionality between the score and the incidence of injuries, deaths, and the length of stay in the ward. This property could organize a tailor-made therapeutic path for the patient based on pre-rehabilitation, physiotherapy, activation of social assistance services, targeted counseling, collaborations with the continuity of care network. Furthermore, if the pre-operative score is particularly high, it could suggest different or less invasive therapeutic options, and if the intra-operative score is particularly high, it could suggest a prolongation of hospitalization in ICU. The retrospective prospective study conducted on 83 patients is still ongoing. The first data would seem to prove an increase of clinical complications in patients who were assigned a one-third score with respect to the maximum (16/48) of PERIDIA-score. Moreover, patients with a 10/16 score within each phase of the evaluation (pre, peri, and post) more frequently develop injuries. In the light of these evidence, the 29-point score assigned to our patient can be considered as predictive for the subsequent critical and fatal complications the patient faced up.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (11) ◽  
Author(s):  
Masaharu Aga ◽  
Aya Shiba ◽  
Yusuke Hamakawa ◽  
Suguru Matsuzaka ◽  
Kazuhito Miyazaki ◽  
...  

Medicina ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 57 (10) ◽  
pp. 1074
Author(s):  
Panayiota Christodoulou ◽  
Andreas Yiallouris ◽  
Artemis Michail ◽  
Maria-Ioanna Christodoulou ◽  
Panagiotis Politis ◽  
...  

Background and Objectives: Calcium (Ca2+) signaling is critical for the normal functioning of various cellular activities. However, abnormal changes in cellular Ca2+ can contribute to pathological conditions, including various types of cancer. The maintenance of intracellular Ca2+ levels is achieved through tightly regulated processes that help maintain Ca2+ homeostasis. Several types of regulatory proteins are involved in controlling intracellular Ca2+ levels, including the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum (SR/ER) Ca2+ ATPase pump (SERCA), which maintains Ca2+ levels released from the SR/ER. In total, three ATPase SR/ER Ca2+-transporting (ATP2A) 1-3 genes exist, which encode for several isoforms whose expression profiles are tissue-specific. Recently, it has become clear that abnormal SERCA expression and activity are associated with various types of cancer, including breast cancer. Breast carcinomas represent 40% of all cancer types that affect women, with a wide variety of pathological and clinical conditions. Results: The present study found significantly different SERCA specific-type expressions in a series of breast cancer cell lines. Moreover, bioinformatics analysis indicated that ATP2A1 and ATP2A3 expression was highly altered in patients with breast cancer. Methodology: Using cBioPortal breast cancer patient data, Kaplan–Meier plots demonstrated that high ATP2A1 and ATP2A3 expression was associated with reduced patient survival. Conclusion: Overall, the present data suggest that SERCA gene-specific expressioncan possibly be considered as a crucial target for the control of breast cancer development and progression.


2021 ◽  
pp. bmjspcare-2020-002625
Author(s):  
Kris Blackley

Author(s):  
DEEPENDER BISHNOI ◽  
VINIT KUMAR RAMAWAT
Keyword(s):  

The Breast ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 59 ◽  
pp. S38-S39
Author(s):  
Roberta Ventura ◽  
Frances Reid ◽  
Elisabeth Baugh ◽  
Clara McKay ◽  
Nicole Sheahan ◽  
...  

The Breast ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 59 ◽  
pp. S8

QJM ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 114 (Supplement_1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ashraf Abd El Moghny ◽  
Karim Fahmy ◽  
Ahmed Khalil Mohamed

Abstract Background Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women all over the world representing 18% of all women reported cases of cancer. It represents the leading cause of women mortality as representing 23% of all women cancer deaths. The decision in any breast cancer patient is taken by MDT that includes breast surgery consultant, pathology consultant, plastic surgery consultant, radiology consultant and medical oncology consultant. Breast conserving surgeries are now the standard technique for management of breast cancer patient. Oncoplastic techniques are replacing SWLE for their better cosmetic outcomes and better exposure of the tumor. Objective The aim of this work was to assess the round block technique as regard oncological safety, surgical outcomes and patients' satisfaction comparing results with standard wide local excision. Methods This is a retrospective study to assess the round block technique as an oncological procedure for management of early breast cancer near to nipple-areola complex as regard oncological safety, surgical outcomes and patients' satisfaction comparing results with standard wide local excision. It was conducted at general surgery department, Ain Shams university hospitals. Approval of the Ethical Committee and written informed consent from all participants were obtained. In our study 40 breast cancer patients are subdivided into group (A) 20 females which underwent round block technique and group (B) 20 femaleswhich underwent standard wide local excision. Patient and tumor criteria including age, co morbidities, tumor size and distance between tumor and nipple-areola complex were considered to be nonsignificant between 2 groups so the only difference is the surgical technique. Results The study shows that the round block technique and SWLE have the same results regarding hospital stay, post operative complications and oncological recurrence with the advantage to RBT because of its better cosmetic outcomes. So, the round block technique is superior to SWLE in selected cases. Conclusion The round block technique has comparable post operative parameters with better cosmoses as it is scarless operation without nipple and areola shift suggesting that the round block technique is superior to SWLE in selected cases.


Author(s):  
Bianca Senf ◽  
Paula Maiwurm ◽  
Jens Fettel

Abstract Objective To explore and describe attitudes and opinions towards suicidality in healthcare professionals (HCPs) working with oncological patients. Methods A 48-item online questionnaire was developed and distributed to HCPs working with cancer patients. Three hundred fifty-four answered questionnaires were analyzed. Results The majority of HCPs reported that they were able to understand why a cancer patient would commit suicide (87.8%) or would seek help from an assisted suicide organization (ASO; 83.9%). The understandable reasons were pain and physical impairments (51.4%), social isolation (19.8%), loss of control and autonomy (18.1%), terminal disease (17.2%), loss of meaning (15.3%), desperation (14.7%), and psychic distress (9.3%). Personal experiences with suicidality lead only 44.8% of HCPs to believe that thereby they would be better able to understand a patients’ wish for suicide. Religion was negatively associated with understanding of suicide and why a cancer patient would seek help from an ASO. Knowledge of suicidality was positively associated with why a cancer patient would seek help from an ASO. Conclusions There is still little knowledge in oncology about the relation of HCPs’ attitudes toward suicidality in their patients and how those attitudes influence their behavior, especially care and treatment of patients. More research on this topic is needed. It stands to reason that more education about suicidality in cancer patients seems likely to improve understanding and attitudes and thereby influence care for cancer patients.


2021 ◽  
Vol 102 (10) ◽  
pp. e40
Author(s):  
Hyejoon Ahn ◽  
Seunghak Lee

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