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2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (3) ◽  
pp. 194-197
T M Sucharitha ◽  
S V Phanindra ◽  
Ahammad Basha Shaik

Fingerprints are unique, and each fingerprint of an individual differs from another. Studies were conducted to know how various factors like Race, Sex, and certain disorders influence fingerprint patterns. Similary, the number of ridges present in an area of palms and fingers and their variations were also studied. To study the sexual variations in fingerprint ridge density among medical students studying in Narayana Medical college from Andhra Pradesh. Fingerprints of one hundred and twenty medical students (sixty male and sixty female) were analyzed for this study. The mean ridge density in males is 128.5 (Range 124 -134) for ten digits, and in females, the mean ridge density for ten fingers is 148. 67 and (Range 145 -153). Average ridge density for in Male:Female is 12.85:14.86. The females exhibit higher ridge density than males; ridge density of more than 14 ridges of a finger in a 0.25 sq. mm area indicates that the finger likely belongs to a female.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
Hasitha Priyashantha ◽  
C. S. Ranadheera ◽  
D. M. D. Rasika ◽  
Janak K. Vidanarachchi

AbstractMeekiri (sometimes also known as Mee-Deekiri); fermented buffalo milk gel is a deep-rooted dairy product in Sri Lankan food culture and the production of Meekiri plays an integral part in the livelihood of rural farming. Meekiri consumption is widespread irrespective of geographic boundaries, across the cultural and/or ethnic communities. In Sri Lanka, buffalo milk is predominantly used in producing Meekiri, where production has been specialized in various geographic areas in the country, associated with major buffalo farming regions. Physicochemical and microbiological quality attributes are apparent to differ in Meekiri according to varying production regions, processing techniques and storage conditions. The mouthfeel and taste of Meekiri are widely accepted to be thicker and creamier with a pleasant note and is whiter in colour compared to fermented cow milk gel/yoghurt. Since Meekiri production is localized in Sri Lanka and available as traditional know-how at the primary production level, up-to-date comprehensive scientific literature that accounts for processing and detailed product quality characteristics is lacking. Hence, this review evaluates and outlines updated information about the Meekiri production, associated buffalo farming systems, quality characteristics of Meekiri including physicochemical, sensorial and microbiological aspects in the final product.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (4) ◽  
pp. 341-346
Abdurrahman Siregar

The aim of this research is to know how the concept of property ownership in Islamic economics according to Afzalur Rahman, to know how to implement the concept of property ownership in Islamic economics by Afzalur Rahman at this time and to know how Afzalur Rahman's thought analysis of concepts ownership of property in Islamic economics. The research method that writer use is library research (library research) where the data and data sources are obtained from a review of the literature according to the problem. The result showed that the opinion expressed by Afzalur Rahman on the concept of ownership in the Islamic economic system is in harmony with the economic principles that require the system an economy compatible with the Qur'an and Sunnah. Where Islam also wants every person in possession of good property in the form of goods or services obtained in a way halal both the form of substance and how to get it, not destroy and destroy human nature, nor do the persecution and exploitation, the purpose ultimately is to fight for the needs of human life and seek pleasure Hereafter is blessed by Allah SWT.

Jef J. J. van den Hout ◽  
Orin C. Davis

AbstractAn important question in the field of team research is how teams can optimize their collaboration to maximize their performance. When team members who are collaborating towards a common purpose experience flow together, the team, as a performing unit, improves its performance and delivers individual happiness to its members. From a practical point of view, it is relevant to know how team flow experiences arise within professional organizations. The aim of this study is therefore to get more insight into the how the elements of team flow emerge. We conducted interviews with team members, business leaders, and team experts, and in addition a survey with team members. The results provide confirmation of the existing research on team dynamics, flow, group and team flow and indicate that a collective ambition, professional autonomy, and open communication must be deliberately and carefully cultivated to set the stage for the other team flow prerequisites and thence for team flow to emerge.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Shuntaro Okazaki ◽  
Haruna Yamanami ◽  
Fumika Nakagawa ◽  
Nozomi Takuwa ◽  
Keith James Kawabata Duncan

AbstractThe use of face masks has become ubiquitous. Although mask wearing is a convenient way to reduce the spread of disease, it is important to know how the mask affects our communication via facial expression. For example, when we are wearing the mask and meet a friend, are our facial expressions different compared to when we are not? We investigated the effect of face mask wearing on facial expression, including the area around the eyes. We measured surface electromyography from zygomaticus major, orbicularis oculi, and depressor anguli oris muscles, when people smiled and talked with or without a mask. Only the actions of the orbicularis oculi were facilitated by wearing the mask. We thus concluded that mask wearing may increase the recruitment of the eyes during smiling. In other words, we can express joy and happiness even when wearing a face mask.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (11) ◽  
Monica Salvadori ◽  
Clelia Sbrolli

AbstractThis paper aims at presenting an overview of Roman wall painting production between late Republic and the early Empire. It will focus on the technique and style of in situ wall paintings from the Vesuvian area (Italy). Frescoes are indeed an integral part of architecture and reflect the patrons’ ambitions and social level as well as the craftsmen’s technical know-how. Since this is a handicraft product, the quality of materials, the craftsmen’s skills and the technique are fundamental to understand the fresco’s value and the message that the patron wished to communicate through the use of elaborate schemes, expensive colours or certain mythological themes.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (20) ◽  
pp. 11259
Khaleel Muhammed ◽  
Aavudai Anandhi ◽  
Gang Chen ◽  
Kevin Poole

As the human population increases, the landscape is altered to provide housing, food, and industry. Human activity poses a risk to the health of natural habitats that, in turn, affect biodiversity. Biodiversity is necessary for a functioning ecosystem, as species work synergistically to create a livable environment. It is, therefore, important to know how human practices and natural events threaten these habitats and the species living in them. A universal method of modeling habitat threats does not exist. This paper details the use of a literature review to formulate a new framework called Define–Investigate–Estimate–Map (DIEM). This framework is a process of defining threats, investigating an area to discover what threats are present, estimating the severity of those threats, and mapping the threats. Analysis of 62 studies was conducted to determine how different authors define and characterize threats in various contexts. The results of this analysis were then applied to a case study to evaluate the Choctawhatchee River and Bay Watershed. Results suggest that the most abundant threat in the watershed is agricultural development, and the most destructive threat is urban development. These two threats have the greatest impact on the total threat level of the watershed. Applying the DIEM framework demonstrates its helpfulness in regional analysis, watershed modeling, and land development planning.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (3) ◽  
pp. 529-555
R. I. Bekkin

The 1930s were a troublesome period for all religious communities in the Soviet Union. Muslims were not an exception. The widespread closure of mosques and repressions against religious leaders took place in all regions of the country. The history of the TatarMuslim community of Leningrad in 1930s has not been properly researched as yet. It would be interesting to know how Muslims managed to maintain control over the mosque until 1940 despite growing pressure from the authorities. The article examines the strategies used by offi cials of Leningrad City Council (Lengorsovet) and other state authorities to reduce the religious activity of Muslims. The article centres around the restoration of the Cathedral Mosque of Leningrad which served as one of the main pretexts for the closure of the mosque.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (20) ◽  
pp. 11184
Björn Kjellgren ◽  
Tanja Richter

Higher education institutions (HEIs) must ensure that their graduates possess not only professional know-how, but also the global competence to address the challenges posed in the UN’s 2030 Agenda. This is especially relevant in engineering education, which plays an important role in sustainable development. These competencies are typically thought to be developed in relation to institutions’ internationalisation efforts, but reports on how this is supposed to happen are often vague or built on wishful thinking. In this article, we describe a mixed-methods investigation into how holistic global competence development as a crucial aspect of sustainable education can be systematically enhanced in higher engineering education. Following a design-based research approach, connecting theoretical and practical insights from experts and stakeholders, we present here four dimensions of such an approach. Firstly, we discuss the setup, contents, and implementation of institutional guidelines as the crucial starting point of any internationalisation strategy aiming at integrating sustainable development education and global competence development. Secondly, we stress the role of institutional diversity, and show how institutions can foster inclusive and welcoming environments. Thirdly, we suggest strategies and approaches for global competence training for students, faculty, and staff, and highlight important background considerations for enabling global competence development. Fourthly, we emphasise the importance of assessing efforts to ensure that they live up to their potential and deliver the desired outcomes. The recommendations based on the investigation summarise key considerations that all HEIs—not just those focused on engineering education—must take into account as they strive for holistic global competence development, which is a key aspect of education for sustainable development.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (10) ◽  
pp. 625
Yiqi Zhang ◽  
Suzannie K. Y. Leung ◽  
Hui Li

Existing studies have explored parental play beliefs in the developed coastal cities in mainland China, leaving parents in developing areas unstudied. This study aimed to understand how these understudied parents view and engage in their children’s play at home, using Bronfenbrenner’s process–person–context–time (PPCT) model. Eight families were interviewed and observed to explore parental beliefs and practices regarding young children’s play at home. Thematic analysis showed that most parents appreciated the importance of play in children’s early development but did not know how to scaffold their children’s play activities. In addition, the high SES families supported child-led play (i.e., free play), whereas the lower SES families adopted traditional rule-based and adult-driven modes. Therefore, more parent education programs and support should be provided to lower SES families in these developing areas.

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