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2022 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Sumirtha Gandhi ◽  
Umakant Dash ◽  
M. Suresh Babu

Abstract Background Continuum of Maternal Health Care Services (CMHS) has garnered attention in recent times and reducing socio-economic disparity and geographical variations in its utilisation becomes crucial from an egalitarian perspective. In this study, we estimate inequity in the utilisation of CMHS in India between 2005 and 06 and 2015-16. Methods We used two rounds of National Family Health Survey (NFHS) - 2005-06 and 2015-16 encompassing a sample size of 34,560 and 178,857 pregnant women respectively. The magnitude of horizontal inequities (HI) in the utilisation of CMHS was captured by adopting the Erreygers Corrected Concentration indices method. Need-based standardisation was conducted to disentangle the variations in the utilisation of CMHS across different wealth quintiles and state groups.  Further, a decomposition analysis was undertaken to enumerate the contribution of legitimate and illegitimate factors towards health inequity. Results The study indicates that the pro-rich inequity in the utilisation of CMHS has increased by around 2 percentage points since the implementation of National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), where illegitimate factors are dominant. Decomposition analysis reveals that the contribution of access related barriers plummeted in the considered period of time. The results also indicate that mother’s education and access to media continue to remain major contributors of pro-rich inequity in India. Considering, regional variations, it is found that the percentage of pro-rich inequity in high focus group states increased by around 3% between 2005 and 06 and 2015-16. The performance of southern states of India is commendable. Conclusions Our study concludes that there exists a pro-rich inequity in the utilisation of CMHS with marked variations across state boundaries. The pro-rich inequity in India has increased between 2005 and 06 and high focus group states suffered predominantly. Decentralisation of healthcare policies and  granting greater power to the states might lead to equitable distribution of CMHS.

Kathleen Markey ◽  
Anne MacFarlane ◽  
Maria Noonan ◽  
Mairead Moloney ◽  
Susann Huschke ◽  

There is a need to understand the specific perinatal mental health care needs of migrant subgroups who often have differing health care needs and specific barriers to accessing and engaging with health care services. It is important to have evidence about the WHO European context given the rising numbers of refugees and asylum seekers in the region. The aim of this scoping review is to map the factors that enable and prevent access and engagement of refugee and asylum-seeking women with perinatal mental health care services in the WHO European Region, from the perspectives of service providers and service users. The database search will include PsycINFO, Cochrane, Web of Science, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL complete, Scopus, Academic Search Complete, and Maternity and Infant Care (OVID). Search results will be exported to an online tool that provides a platform to help manage the review process, including title, abstract, and full-text screening and voting by reviewers independently. Data concerning access and engagement with health care services will be mapped on to the candidacy framework. Systematically searching evidence within the WHO European region and examining this evidence through the candidacy lens will help develop a more comprehensive and a deeper conceptual understanding of the barriers and levers of access and engagement with perinatal mental health care services, whilst identifying gaps in existing evidence. Exploring factors that influence access and engagement for refugee and asylum-seeking women from the perspective of key stakeholders in the service provision and/or service utilisation of perinatal mental health care services will add a more comprehensive understanding of the recursive relationship between service provision and use.

2022 ◽  
Orpa Diana Suek ◽  
Moses Pandin

Integrated Management of Childhood Illness is one of the strategies in health care services for infants and children under five at primary health care facilities. Children with fever in high malaria endemic areas must have a blood test done to check whether the children have malaria or not. IMCI is one of the interventions recommended by WHO to screen and also ensure that children receive proper initial treatment at first-level health facilities. This article aims to discuss the quality of care for children under five with malaria using IMCI approach. This is a systematic review by searching 4 databases including Scopus, Web of Science, SAGE and Proquest. Health care services for children under five with an integrated management of childhood illness are intended to provide immediate and appropriate treatment. The guideline for treating children under five with malaria using IMCI approach is very helpful for nurses both in assessing, classifying, treating/curing and making decisions for pre-referral measures for severe cases. Several factors to support quality of care are trained officers, supervision and procurement of essential medicines, RDT and malaria microscopy. Enforcement of the right diagnosis will improve the quality of life of children and prevent death in children under five. Keywords: IMCI, Malaria, Children under five

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Kiwumulo Nakandi ◽  
Dana Mora ◽  
Trine Stub ◽  
Agnete E. Kristoffersen

Abstract Background Traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) is commonly used among cancer patients worldwide. Cancer patients in Norway mainly visit T&CM providers in addition to conventional health care services. It is not known how their utilization of T&CM providers influences their use of conventional health care services. The aim of this study was to investigate the difference between the utilization of conventional health care services among cancer survivors that visit T&CM providers and those that do not, and their associated factors. Method Health care service utilization data were obtained from cancer survivors 40 years and above participating in the Tromsø Study: Tromsø 7 conducted in 2015–2016. Data were collected from self-administered questionnaires. Pearson chi-square tests, Fisher exact tests, t-test, and logistic regression were used, with the significance level considered at p < 0.05. Results Of 1553 individuals, 10% (n = 155) reported visiting T&CM providers in the past 12 months. As both cancer survivors visiting and not visiting T&CM providers were frequent users of conventional health care, no significant differences were found in the overall use of conventional health care (98.1vs.94.5%, p = .056). Users of T&CM providers were however more likely to visit physiotherapists (40.1% vs 25%, p < .001), emergency rooms (29.2% vs 16.5%, p < .001), chiropractors (17% vs 6%, p < .001), and psychologist/psychiatrist (8.9% vs 3.4%, p < .001). They also had more frequent visits to conventional health care (11.45 vs 8.31 yearly visits, p = 0.014), particularly to general practitioners (5.21 visits vs. 3.94 visits, p = .002). Conclusion Results from this study show that visits to T&CM providers are associated with more visits to conventional health care services among cancer survivors. Further studies are needed to investigate the reasons for this high use behavior.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0261757
Radhika Dayal ◽  
Mukta Gundi

The Adolescent Friendly Health Clinic (AFHCs), a key component of the Government of India’s National Adolescent Health Programme a.k.a. Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK), aims to increase the accessibility and utilization of sexual-reproductive health services by adolescents and youth. However, low quality of care provided at AFHCs by counsellors calls for attention. We, thus, explore both the clients’ and providers’ perspectives using the World Health Organization’s (WHO) global standards for quality health-care services for adolescents to assess the quality of the sexual reproductive health service delivery at AFHCs in Rajasthan, India. We conducted a qualitative study, comprising observation of the service delivery using mystery clients (MCs) (n = 12) and in-depth interviews with the counsellors (n = 4) in four AFHCs. Interviews were transcribed in local language and were translated in English. The transcripts were coded thematically. Our study, using five of the eight WHO global standards for quality health-care services for adolescents highlighted several gaps in the quality-of-service delivery at AFHCs. We unearth various intricacies related to the quality of the services provided at the AFHCs by referring to the relevant input, process, and the output criteria of WHO global standards I, III, IV, V and VI. Our study calls for efforts to improve- (i) the counsellors’ competencies to increase adolescents’ health literacy on sensitive topics, (ii) the facilities at the clinic to ensure privacy, comfort and confidentiality of the adolescents seeking services, (iii) the referrals to improve appropriate package of services, and (iv) an overall environment to ensure an equity and non-discrimination for all the adolescents. Our findings unearth the barriers that both the service providers and the adolescents face at the AFHCs and underscore the need for regular monitoring and evaluation of the AFHCs to strengthen the facility-based intervention of the RKSK programme.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 45-51
Yuli Mardi

Background: Medical records can be created manually or electronically. In the world of health, the development of information and communication technology is currently affecting health care services as a whole, including the implementation of electronic medical records. The application of electronic medical records must go through a careful planning stage, this is because electronic medical records involve many parties in health facilities and and require a lot of costs. For this reason, a comprehensive study of electronic medical records is needed. One way is to conduct a literature study of several articles related to the electronic medical record.Methods: In conducting this research, the literature review method was used, where the search for articles was not carried out systematically, but the scientific journal articles reviewed were selected by the researcher on one research topic, and selected based on the knowledge and experience possessed by the researcher (traditional review).Results: In this study, 7 articles were reviewed related to electronic medical records. There are some similarities in terms of benefits or obstacles in the application of electronic medical records in health facilities. Among the benefits of electronic medical records are the efficiency of using paper/medical record files, efficiency in the use of space/storage media, time efficiency in searching data and distributing medical record data, efficiency of human resources in finding medical record files and being able to detect errors in data entry. While some of the common obstacles to implementing electronic medical records in health facilities are the unpreparedness of officers at health facilities, so it takes time for socialization and training of human resources, problems with the network, lack of IT resources at health facilities that specifically handle electronic medical records, high implementation costs. expensive (hardware software) and there is no legal umbrella.Conclusions: There is a need for comprehensive research using the semantic review method of articles related to electronic medical records, so that the results can be used as a reference for health facilities in implementing electronic medical records. Thus, it is hoped that the migration and implementation process from manual medical records to electronic medical records can be carried out as expected.

2022 ◽  
Vol 63 (4) ◽  
pp. 138-144
Lamia D. Bahaa Al Deen ◽  
Abeer Abdulkareem Fadhel

Background: Satisfied caregivers are more likely to return for further care and to recommend the primary health care center services to others. Satisfied caregivers usually are compliant with the medical provider advice and the recommended treatment plan. Compliance will eventually lead to better health outcomes. Method: A cross-sectional study with an analytic element was conducted during the period from the beginning of July to the end of September 2020. A convenient sample was collected from six primary health care centers in Al-Karkh side of Baghdad city where caregivers who attend those centers with their children for under-five health care services were interviewed using a structured questionnaire.Objective: To measure the caregivers’ satisfaction toward under-five health care services at primary health care centers in Baghdad Al-Karkh and their association with certain socio-demographic characteristics. Results: A total of 500 caregivers were interviewed during the study period, the overall satisfaction was (64%). Caregivers were satisfied with primary health care centers cleanliness (77.8%), while they were highly dissatisfied with the communication with the nurses (78.8%), with the waiting time for a routine visit (74.6%), with nurses’ antiseptic methods (59.2%), and with the availability and adequacy of their children’s vaccines (65.4%). Conclusions: The level of satisfaction of caregivers with under-five health care services provided at primary health care centers was relatively low. The study revealed that the less educated and older caregivers showed a significant higher level of satisfaction.

2022 ◽  
pp. 088307382110653
Pouneh Amir Yazdani ◽  
Marie-Lou St-Jean ◽  
Sara Matovic ◽  
Aaron Spahr ◽  
Luan T. Tran ◽  

Parents of children with genetically determined leukoencephalopathies play a major role in their children's health care. Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, many health care services were suspended, delayed or delivered remotely with telemedicine. We sought to explore the experience of parents of children with genetically determined leukoencephalopathies during the pandemic given the adapted health care services. We conducted semistructured interviews with 13 parents of 13 affected children. Three main themes were identified using thematic analysis: perceived impact of COVID-19 on health care services, benefits and challenges of telemedicine, and expectations of health care after the pandemic. Parents perceived a loss/delay in health care services while having a positive response to telemedicine. Parents wished telemedicine would remain in their care after the pandemic. This is the first study assessing the impact of COVID-19 on health care services in this population. Our results suggest that parents experience a higher level of stress owing to the shortage of services and the children's vulnerability.

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