good governance
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2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Reza Majdzadeh ◽  
Haniye Sadat Sajadi ◽  
Bahareh Yazdizadeh ◽  
Leila Doshmangir ◽  
Elham Ehsani-Chimeh ◽  
...  

Abstract Background The institutionalization of evidence-informed health policy-making (EIHP) is complex and complicated. It is complex because it has many players and is complicated because its institutionalization will require many changes that will be challenging to make. Like many other issues, strengthening EIHP needs a road map, which should consider challenges and address them through effective, harmonized and contextualized strategies. This study aims to develop a road map for enhancing EIHP in Iran based on steps of planning. Methods This study consisted of three phases: (1) identifying barriers to EIHP, (2) recognizing interventions and (3) measuring the use of evidence in Iran's health policy-making. A set of activities was established for conducting these, including foresight, systematic review and policy dialogue, to identify the current and potential barriers for the first phase. For the second phase, an evidence synthesis was performed through a scoping review, by searching the websites of benchmark institutions which had good examples of EIHP practices in order to extract and identify interventions, and through eight policy dialogues and two broad opinion polls to contextualize the list of interventions. Simultaneously, two qualitative-quantitative studies were conducted to design and use a tool for assessing EIHP in the third phase. Results We identified 97 barriers to EIHP and categorized them into three groups, including 35 barriers on the “generation of evidence” (push side), 41 on the “use of evidence” (pull side) and 21 on the “interaction between these two” (exchange side). The list of 41 interventions identified through evidence synthesis and eight policy dialogues was reduced to 32 interventions after two expert opinion polling rounds. These interventions were classified into four main strategies for strengthening (1) the education and training system (6 interventions), (2) the incentives programmes (7 interventions), (3) the structure of policy support organizations (4 interventions) and (4) the enabling processes to support EIHP (15 interventions). Conclusion The policy options developed in the study provide a comprehensive framework to chart a path for strengthening the country’s EIHP considering both global practices and the context of Iran. It is recommended that operational plans be prepared for road map interventions, and the necessary resources provided for their implementation. The implementation of the road map will require attention to the principles of good governance, with a focus on transparency and accountability.


Author(s):  
عاصم علي حسن الشرفي

Countries and governments are seeking to develop their societies and achieve prosperity with growth for their people, through achieving comprehensive sustainable development, which guarantees the right of current generations to well-being, and preserving the right of subsequent generations through good exploitation of available resources, wealth and full preservation to the surrounding environment and not to destroy it. However, good governance reflects to recent global developments and changes that have coincided with changing in the system of political governance and the role of governments, as this concept was put forward in the framework of political programs in order to achieve development goals. Thus, good governance was provided and supported by international non-governmental organizations, such as the United Nations and international financial institutions, such as the World Bank, in order to add an authoritative, ethical way to practice power in managing the affairs of states and societies. The problem in this research paper was the extent of the contribution of civil society organizations in the development process, as a result of the weak role of governments and states, which forced these organizations to work side by side with governments in the process of achieving sustainable development. This paper relied on the descriptive and analytical approach and aimed to identify the important and effective role of civil society organizations in the process of achieving the development of peoples and societies. The study concluded that it is not possible for these civil organizations to contribute to achieving sustainable development with the absence or weakness of implementing and activating the standards of good governance, since good governance is the foundation to Achieve the real sustainable development.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
◽  
Elisabeth Poppelwell

<p><b>This research examined how state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in two Pacific countries approach their governance roles in a context where concepts of good corporate governance are changing internationally. The research considered whether corporate governance practice can be enhanced by the application of local cultural values and principles, and whether there are lessons learned from these two countries that could be shared more broadly.</b></p> <p>The study explored insights from current and former SOE board chairs, directors, CEOs, senior public officials from the Kingdom of Tonga (Tonga) and the Independent State of Samoa (Samoa), and subject matter experts, who discussed their experiences and insights about approaches to corporate governance. The research also examined the literature on the rationale for the concept of ‘good governance’ which emerged in the latter half of the twentieth century, and corporate governance principles that support SOE models, to provide context for participant responses.</p> <p>Twenty-six interviews were undertaken in Tonga and Samoa between July and September 2019. Twelve participants were interviewed about Tonga’s SOEs, 12 participants were interviewed about Samoa’s SOEs, and two participants were interviewed about both countries’ approaches to SOE governance.</p> <p>The research finds that the principles of good corporate governance are dynamic and responsive, and can be modified to fit local situations. Despite the challenges implementing corporate governance principles, SOE directors and officials from Tonga and Samoa are asking how these tools can be applied in their country and are actively adapting and innovating the corporate governance model to improve local application. There are important assertive signs of ambiculturalism reshaping the good governance narrative with a Pacific flavour.</p>


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
◽  
Elisabeth Poppelwell

<p><b>This research examined how state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in two Pacific countries approach their governance roles in a context where concepts of good corporate governance are changing internationally. The research considered whether corporate governance practice can be enhanced by the application of local cultural values and principles, and whether there are lessons learned from these two countries that could be shared more broadly.</b></p> <p>The study explored insights from current and former SOE board chairs, directors, CEOs, senior public officials from the Kingdom of Tonga (Tonga) and the Independent State of Samoa (Samoa), and subject matter experts, who discussed their experiences and insights about approaches to corporate governance. The research also examined the literature on the rationale for the concept of ‘good governance’ which emerged in the latter half of the twentieth century, and corporate governance principles that support SOE models, to provide context for participant responses.</p> <p>Twenty-six interviews were undertaken in Tonga and Samoa between July and September 2019. Twelve participants were interviewed about Tonga’s SOEs, 12 participants were interviewed about Samoa’s SOEs, and two participants were interviewed about both countries’ approaches to SOE governance.</p> <p>The research finds that the principles of good corporate governance are dynamic and responsive, and can be modified to fit local situations. Despite the challenges implementing corporate governance principles, SOE directors and officials from Tonga and Samoa are asking how these tools can be applied in their country and are actively adapting and innovating the corporate governance model to improve local application. There are important assertive signs of ambiculturalism reshaping the good governance narrative with a Pacific flavour.</p>


2022 ◽  
Vol 3 ◽  
Author(s):  
Cihad Hammy ◽  
Thomas Jeffrey Miley

This essay addresses two related questions raised by the editors of the research topic for “Beyond the Frontiers of Political Science: Is Good Governance Possible in Cataclysmic Times?” In particular, it explores: 1) how we can identify new tools and perspectives from which to address the multiple and mutually reinforcing problems accumulating around climate change; and 2) what institutional alternatives to the nation-state need to be created and empowered to tackle such complex problems. It does so through an in-depth treatment of the paradigm of “social ecology” and the associated political project of “democratic confederalism.” It begins with an overview of the argument, first advanced by Murray Bookchin and subsequently adopted and adapted by the imprisoned Kurdish leader Abdullah Öcalan, that building an ecological society requires an assault on hierarchy in all its forms, and the construction of alternative, direct-democratic institutions capable of transcending the system of the capitalist nation-state. It sketches the institutional architecture of popular assemblies central to this project, both emphasizing their potential to contest capitalist social-property relations and hierarchies intrinsic to the nation-state and pointing out some sources of resilience of the existing system. It hones in on the experience of the revolutionary forces in control of the Autonomous Administration of North East Syria (AANES), who have been directly inspired by Öcalan’s ideas. It highlights both the AANES’s achievements as well as the significant obstacles it has encountered in the attempt to bring into being a radically-egalitarian, ecological society. It concludes by drawing lessons from these difficulties.


2022 ◽  
Vol 34 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Author(s):  
Stefano Michelassi

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is recognized as one of the major categories of noncommunicable epidemic diseases and in the last decades it has been largely growing in incidence and prevalence all over the world. Ideal management of CKD pandemic should be comprehensive of measures of tertiary, secondary, primary and primordial prevention. So, it should include prompt diagnosis and treatment of traditional and non-traditional risk factors for CKD, optimal conservative treatment for non-dialysis dependent CKD patients and appropriated dialysis therapy or renal transplantation for patients with end-stage renal disease. However, these goals are not easy to obtain on a global scale. It would be possible only by a broad and holistic approach, ranging from good governance to achievement of the sustainable development goals (SDGs).


2022 ◽  
Vol 19 ◽  
pp. 86-93
Author(s):  
Mahdani Ibrahim ◽  
Jumadil Saputra ◽  
Muhammad Adam ◽  
Mukhlis Yunus

The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of resource competence, entrepreneurial leadership and good governance towards business performance and examine the moderating role of financial accessibility to the business performance of Micro Small Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). This quantitative research involved 155 professional business women community (MSMEs), Batam, Riau, Indonesia. The data collected through a survey questionnaire with a non-probability sampling technique. The data analysed by using the structural equation modelling – partial least square (SEM-PLS). This study showed that resource competence, entrepreneurial leadership, and good governance have a significant positive relationship with Micro Small Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). Also, financial accessibility moderates the relationship between entrepreneurial leadership and performance. In conclusion, this study has successfully identified the determinant factors that affect the business performance and moderating role of financial accessibility on business performance for Micro Small Medium Enterprises (MSMEs).


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 119
Author(s):  
Zohair Hussein Al-Zoubi ◽  
Omar T. Bataineh ◽  
M. Lina Zakaria M. Qasem ◽  
M. Rana Mohammad Rawashdeh

The study aimed at revealing the application of good governance in Jordanian universities and its relationship to the ability to solve administrative problems from the point of view of faculty members. The sample of the study consisted of (330) members of the Faculties of Educational Sciences, and the study was conducted in the academic year 2020/2021. Using the descriptive research method, the researchers designed a questionnaire as a study tool and verified its validity and stability. The findings showed that good governance in Jordanian universities was at a high level, with the absence of statistically significant differences in good government by gender or years of experience. The findings also showed a high level of ability to solve administrative problems by the heads of academic departments in the faculties of educational sciences, with no statistically significant differences in the ability to solve administrative problems by gender or years of experience. There was a positive relationship between the degree of good governance and the ability to solve administrative problems.   Received: 3 October 2021 / Accepted: 11 November 2021 / Published: 3 January 2022


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