training system
Recently Published Documents


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

4924
(FIVE YEARS 2091)

H-INDEX

40
(FIVE YEARS 9)

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-20
Author(s):  
Wen-Cheng Chen ◽  
Wan-Lun Tsai ◽  
Huan-Hua Chang ◽  
Min-Chun Hu ◽  
Wei-Ta Chu

Tactic learning in virtual reality (VR) has been proven to be effective for basketball training. Endowed with the ability of generating virtual defenders in real time according to the movement of virtual offenders controlled by the user, a VR basketball training system can bring more immersive and realistic experiences for the trainee. In this article, an autoregressive generative model for instantly producing basketball defensive trajectory is introduced. We further focus on the issue of preserving the diversity of the generated trajectories. A differentiable sampling mechanism is adopted to learn the continuous Gaussian distribution of player position. Moreover, several heuristic loss functions based on the domain knowledge of basketball are designed to make the generated trajectories assemble real situations in basketball games. We compare the proposed method with the state-of-the-art works in terms of both objective and subjective manners. The objective manner compares the average position, velocity, and acceleration of the generated defensive trajectories with the real ones to evaluate the fidelity of the results. In addition, more high-level aspects such as the empty space for offender and the defensive pressure of the generated trajectory are also considered in the objective evaluation. As for the subjective manner, visual comparison questionnaires on the proposed and other methods are thoroughly conducted. The experimental results show that the proposed method can achieve better performance than previous basketball defensive trajectory generation works in terms of different evaluation metrics.


2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Reza Majdzadeh ◽  
Haniye Sadat Sajadi ◽  
Bahareh Yazdizadeh ◽  
Leila Doshmangir ◽  
Elham Ehsani-Chimeh ◽  
...  

Abstract Background The institutionalization of evidence-informed health policy-making (EIHP) is complex and complicated. It is complex because it has many players and is complicated because its institutionalization will require many changes that will be challenging to make. Like many other issues, strengthening EIHP needs a road map, which should consider challenges and address them through effective, harmonized and contextualized strategies. This study aims to develop a road map for enhancing EIHP in Iran based on steps of planning. Methods This study consisted of three phases: (1) identifying barriers to EIHP, (2) recognizing interventions and (3) measuring the use of evidence in Iran's health policy-making. A set of activities was established for conducting these, including foresight, systematic review and policy dialogue, to identify the current and potential barriers for the first phase. For the second phase, an evidence synthesis was performed through a scoping review, by searching the websites of benchmark institutions which had good examples of EIHP practices in order to extract and identify interventions, and through eight policy dialogues and two broad opinion polls to contextualize the list of interventions. Simultaneously, two qualitative-quantitative studies were conducted to design and use a tool for assessing EIHP in the third phase. Results We identified 97 barriers to EIHP and categorized them into three groups, including 35 barriers on the “generation of evidence” (push side), 41 on the “use of evidence” (pull side) and 21 on the “interaction between these two” (exchange side). The list of 41 interventions identified through evidence synthesis and eight policy dialogues was reduced to 32 interventions after two expert opinion polling rounds. These interventions were classified into four main strategies for strengthening (1) the education and training system (6 interventions), (2) the incentives programmes (7 interventions), (3) the structure of policy support organizations (4 interventions) and (4) the enabling processes to support EIHP (15 interventions). Conclusion The policy options developed in the study provide a comprehensive framework to chart a path for strengthening the country’s EIHP considering both global practices and the context of Iran. It is recommended that operational plans be prepared for road map interventions, and the necessary resources provided for their implementation. The implementation of the road map will require attention to the principles of good governance, with a focus on transparency and accountability.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 201-205
Author(s):  
D. Zholdoshbaev ◽  
S. Koshonova ◽  
M. Nakataev ◽  
Y. Raiymberdiev

Research relevance: socialization includes all the processes of communication with upbringing, education and culture, thanks to which a person gets the opportunity to participate in public life and social character. The whole environment of a person is involved in the process of socialization: family, neighbors, peers in children’s institutions, schools, the media, etc. Research objectives: specialized psychiatric or suicidal methods are medical and psychotherapeutic methods of treatment aimed at treating mental and behavioral disorders that lead to suicidal behavior and preventing the onset and recurrence of suicidal activity. Research materials and methods: psychological forms of prevention of suicidal behavior include the formation of anti-suicidal behavior, changes in personal attitudes, self-esteem, level of motivation, etc. includes targeted psychocorrection programs. Research results: reconstruction of the education system and public education will be successful only if it is the work of the whole society. Conclusions: it is important to focus all social life, social-cultural environment, education and training system on the younger generation.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 206-211
Author(s):  
D. Zholdoshbaev ◽  
S. Koshonova ◽  
M. Nakataev ◽  
M. Bylykova

Research relevance: socialization includes all the processes of communication with culture, upbringing and education, thanks to which a person gets the opportunity to participate in public and social life. The whole environment of a person is involved in the process of socialization: family, neighbors, peers in children's institutions, schools, the media, etc. Research objectives: thus, we identified such requirements for the components of socialization, the specifics of the content of socialization tasks inherent in adolescence, and the level of personal development of adolescent students in accordance with the requirements of modern society. Research materials and methods: general medical interventions include treatment aimed at eliminating the somatic and neurological consequences of suicide attempts and preventing disability. Research results: reconstruction of the education system and public education will be successful only if it is the work of the whole society. Conclusions: it is important to focus all social life, social-cultural environment, education and training system on the younger generation.


Author(s):  
Ádám Csihon ◽  
István Gonda ◽  
Szilárd Szabó ◽  
Imre J. Holb

AbstractLittle information is available on vegetative and generative performance of apple cultivars during the early growth of trees in orchards. The aim of this five-year study was to evaluate 2 vegetative (trunk cross sectional area (TCSA) and tree height (TH)) and 7 generative parameters (tree yield (TY), fruit number per tree (FNT), crop load (CL), fruit diameter (FD), shape index (SI), fruit surface color (FSC) and fruit color intensity (FCI)) and their inter-correlations (Pearson correlation, regression analyses and PCA) for young apple trees, on 9 apple cultivars (‘Jugala’, ‘Galaval’, ‘Gala Venus Fengal’, ‘Gala Decarli-Fendeca’, ‘Gala Schnitzer (S) Schniga’, ‘Fuji September Wonder’, ‘Crimson Crisp (Co-op 39)’, ‘Jeromine’, and ‘Red Idared’) in a slender spindle training system (2597 trees ha−1) and on 4 apple cultivars (‘Wilton’s Red Jonaprince’, ‘Red Cap Valtod (S)’, ‘Early Red One’, and ‘Red Topaz’) in a super spindle training system (5194 trees ha−1) in Eastern Hungary. The strongest vegetative growth was observed in ‘Red Idared’, while the weakest was in ‘Early Red One’. Most ‘Gala’ mutants showed high yields in all years, except for ‘Galaval’. On the 6 year-old trees, the lowest tree yield was found in ‘Fuji September Wonder’ (8.2 kg tree−1), while the highest was found in ‘Gala Venus Fengal’ (35.8 kg tree−1). The lowest fruit number per tree (15 fruit tree−1) was found in ‘Jeromine’, while the highest (222 fruit tree−1) was in ‘Gala Venus Fengal’. The highest crop load was found in ‘Gala Venus Fengal’ (12.72 fruit per cm2 TCSA), while the lowest was in ‘Jeromine’ (2.13 fruit per cm2 TCSA). The smallest fruit diameter (66.3 mm) was recorded in ‘Gala Schnitzer (S) Schniga’, while highest (93.6 mm) was in ‘Red Idared’. The lowest shape index (0.73) was found in ‘Red Topaz’, while the highest (0.92) was in ‘Red Idared’. The majority of the cultivars reached very good fruit surface color (80–100%). The lowest fruit surface color (40%) was observed in ‘Gala Schnitzer (S) Schniga’, while the highest (100%) was in ‘Jeromine’ and ‘Early Red One’. The highest fruit color intensity was observed in most cultivars with the exception of ‘Jeromine’, ‘Gala Schnitzer (S) Schniga’ and’Fuji September Wonder’. In addition, correlation and regression analyses revealed strong and significant (p = 0.05) relationships between TH vs TCSA, TY vs TCSA, TH vs TY, TY vs FNT, and FCI vs FSC. PCA explained 87% of the total variance and PC1, PC2, PC3, and PC4 accounted for 33, 21, 20, and 13% of the variance, respectively, and correlated with TSCA, TH, TY and FNT; with FNT, CL and FS; with FSC and FCI; and with TH and SI, respectively. In conclusion, our study provides useful tree property data on prospective mutants/cultivars for growers/advisors in order to select the most suitable cultivars for establishing new orchards under climate conditions similar to central Europe.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Raffaele Guzzon ◽  
Daniela Bertoldi ◽  
Tomas Roman ◽  
Roberto Zanzotti ◽  
Elena Franciosi

AbstractBacteria have a fundamental role in determining the fitness of grapevine, the composition of grapes and the features of wines but at present, little information is available. In this work, the bacteria colonizing the different portions of grapevine (bark, leaves and grapes) were explored in the vineyards of the Alpine region of Trentino, considering the impact of different environmental and agronomical variables. The vineyards included in the work were selected based on their different geographical positions (altitude) and grapevine training systems in order to explore the whole variability of the grapevine ecosystem. Moreover, the surface amount of copper was measured on grapes and leaves during the vegetative growth. Bacterial analysis, performed using plate counts and Illumina MiSeq, revealed an increase in the concentration of grape bacteria proportional to the progress of the ripening stage. Conversely, the peak of bacterial concentration onto leaf and bark samples occurred in August, probably due to the more favourable environmental conditions. In bark samples, the bacterial microbiota reached the 7 log CFU/cm2, while 6 log UFC/g were measured in grape samples. A remarkable biodiversity was observed, with 13 phyla, 35 classes, 55 orders, 78 families and 95 genera of bacteria present. The presence of some taxa (Alphaproteobacteria, Desulfovibrionaceae, Clostriadiales, Oscillospira, Lachnospiraceae and Bacteroidales) was ubiquitous in all vineyards, but differences in terms of relative abundance were observed according to the vegetative stage, altitude of the vineyard and training system. Bacteria having oenological implication (Lactobacillus, Pediococcus and Oenococcus) were detected in grape samples collected in August, in low abundance. The data revealed a complex bacterial ecosystem inside the vineyard that, while maintaining common traits, evolves according to environmental and agronomical inputs. This study contributes to define the role of bacteria in the complex balance established in each vineyard between human actions and agricultural environment, known as terroir.


2022 ◽  
pp. 159101992110686
Author(s):  
Tomotaka Ohshima ◽  
Megumi Koiwai ◽  
Naoki Matsuo ◽  
Shigeru Miyachi

The COVID-19 pandemic has demanded a change in learning modalities, which led us to develop a remote personal training system for clinicians performing neuroendovascular procedures. A portable vascular model designed for practicing catheter navigation guidance, thrombus retrieval, and intracranial aneurysm coil embolisation was established. We created an environment that enabled interactive dialogue and communication across long distances using the Internet. The instructor conducted approximately 2 h of hands-on training with two to four trainees at a time. Despite the restrictions enforced by the Government of Japan due to the COVID-19 pandemic, 17 online hands-on training were successfully conducted throughout Japan over 1 year for a total of 48 trainees. The developed remote training programme, to avoid the aggregation of a large number of trainees at a developed time, proved to be at par with the conventional learning system. The training was well-received since the operation time was longer and the question and answer sessions were more fulfilling compared to the conventional format in which a group of trainees had got a brief opportunity to receive actual hands-on experience.


Cobot ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 1 ◽  
pp. 1
Author(s):  
Pengbo Li ◽  
Can Wang ◽  
Bailin He ◽  
Jiaqing Liu ◽  
Xinyu Wu

Background: As the world's aging population increases, the number of hemiplegic patients is increasing year by year. At present, in many countries with low medical level, there are not enough rehabilitation specialists. Due to the different condition of patients, the current rehabilitation training system cannot be applied to all patients. so that patients with hemiplegia cannot get effective rehabilitation training. Methods: Through a motion capture experiment, the mechanical design of the hip joint, knee joint and ankle joint was rationally optimized based on the movement data. Through the kinematic analysis of each joint of the hemiplegic exoskeleton robot, the kinematic relationship of each joint mechanism was obtained, and the kinematics analysis of the exoskeleton robot was performed using the Denavit-Hartenberg (D-H) method. The kinematics simulation of the robot was carried out in automatic dynamic analysis of mechanical systems (ADAMS), and the theoretical calculation results were compared with the simulation results to verify the correctness of the kinematics relationship. According to the exoskeleton kinematics model, a mirror teaching method of gait planning was proposed, allowing the affected leg to imitate the movement of the healthy leg with the help of an exoskeleton robot. Conclusions: A new hemiplegic exoskeleton robot designed by Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology (SIAT-H) is proposed, which is lightweight, modular and anthropomorphic. The kinematics of the robot have been analyzed, and a mirror training gait is proposed to enable the patient to form a natural walking posture. Finally, the wearable walking experiment further proves the feasibility of the structure and gait planning of the hemiplegic exoskeleton robot.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Author(s):  
Yang Sun ◽  
Changjun Hu

This article is aimed at studying the design and implementation of a football player training management system based on smart images. Based on the analysis of the importance of informatization for scientific football training, system performance requirements and intelligent image detection technology, the football player training management is designed. The overall architecture of the system, and the detailed design of each functional module of the system. It mainly includes football player information management module, football player training plan viewing module, training goal formulation module and training information feedback module. The realization of the training management system relies on intelligent image technology to detect and track athletes. Finally, the performance of the system was tested. The test results show that the expected response time of each module of the system when different numbers of users are accessed is within 3 seconds. The longest actual time is 2.64 s, and the actual shortest time is 1.18 s. It can be seen that the response time of the system meets the demand. At the same time, the system throughput rate meets the requirements of this article, and the user pass rate is also above 95%, indicating that the performance of the football player training management system designed in this article is better.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Author(s):  
Xinran Liu ◽  
Ji Jiang

The paper expects to improve the efficiency and intelligence of somatosensory recognition technology in the application of physical education teaching practice. Firstly, the combination of induction recognition technology and the Internet is used. Secondly, through the Kinect sensor, bone data are acquired. Finally, the hidden Markov model (HMM) is used to simulate the experimental data. On the simulation results, a gait recognition algorithm is proposed. The gait recognition algorithm is used to identify the motion behaviour, and the results are displayed in the Web (World Wide Web) end built by the cloud server. Meantime, in view of the existing problems in the practice of physical education, combined with the establishment and operation of the Digital Twins (DTs) system, the camera source recognition architecture is carried out since the twin network and the two network branches share weights. This paper analyses these problems since the application of somatosensory recognition technology and puts forward the improvement methods. For the single problem of equipment in physical education, this paper puts forward the monitoring and identification function of the cloud server. It is to transmit data through Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and locate and collect data through a monitoring terminal. For the lack of comprehensiveness and balance of sports plans, this paper proposes a scientific training plan and process customization based on Body Mass Index (BMI), analyses real-time data in the cloud, and makes scientific customization plans according to different students’ physical conditions. Moreover, 25 participants are invited to carry out the exercise detection and analysis experiment, and the joint monitoring of their daily movements is tested. This process has completed the design of a feasible and accurate platform for information collection and processing, which is convenient for managers and educators to comprehensively and scientifically master and manage the physical level and training of college students. The proposed method improves the recognition rate of the camera source to some extent and has important exploration significance in the field of action recognition.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document